• Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      July 2017

      Almonds

      Botany, Production and Uses

      by Rafel Socias i Company, Thomas M Gradziel

      This book provides a comprehensive overview of almond growing from a scientific and horticultural perspective, covering botany, production, processing and industrial uses. Almonds are an important crop; they are highly regarded for their flavour, nutritional properties and culinary uses, and almond oil is used widely in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical production. They are easy to transport and have long storability, facilitating global dissemination. Demand is constantly increasing and global production has more than doubled in the last 20 years. The popularity of almonds and the increase in demand has required new plantings and a response to ongoing changes in cultural and climatic conditions. Almonds: Botany, Production and Uses meets the need for up-to-date information on this crop and covers: · botany and taxonomy · cultivation, genetics and breeding · propagation, orchard management and harvesting · pests and diseases · nutrition, marketing and utilization Authored by an international team of experts and presented in full colour throughout, this book is an essential resource for academic researchers and extension workers, as well as growers, orchard managers and industry personnel. ; This book provides a comprehensive overview of almond growing, covering botany in addition to processing and industrial uses. Authored by an international team of experts and in full colour, it also presents genetic, pest, disease and marketing information from a scientific and horticultural perspective. ; 1: Botany and Taxonomy 2: History of Cultivation 3: Production and Growing Regions 4: Almond in the Southern Hemisphere 5: Classical Genetics and Breeding 6: Molecular Breeding and Genomics 7: Late-blooming Cultivar Development 8: Pollen-Style (In)compatibility: Development of Autogamous Cultivars 9: Rootstock Development 10: Propagation Techniques 11: Orchard Systems and Management 12: Climatic Requirements 13: Nutrient and Water Requirements 14: Diseases: Fungi, Bacteria, Viruses, and Nematodes, 15: Pests: Insects, Mites, Birds, and Rodents 16: Harvesting 17: Composition 18: Marketing 19: Almond Utilization

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      April 2018

      Urban Pest Control

      A Practitioner's Guide

      by Partho Dhang

      This guide brings together the varied and multiple skills and activities required of pest control practitioners, including biology, chemistry, architecture, engineering, sales, logistics, legal and accounting, presented with a primary emphasis on pest organisms at its core. This book provides information and tips on all of these aspects and: explores the business of controlling pests (including trends in the industry, pest control tools, and sustainable pest control); covers biological information on each pest in addition to information on control and management, monitoring and follow-up; focusses particularly on globally significant pests with internationally-applicable use and guidance; and provides practical and hands-on experience, drawing on original case studies This is a key resource for pest control practitioners, as well as in-house staff of companies or buildings involved in household or urban pest control. It is also a valuable reference for researchers, and sanitation and building managers.

    • Poultry farming
      April 2016

      Sustainable Poultry Production in Europe

      by Edited by Emily Burton, Joanne Gatcliffe, Helen Masey O'Neill, Dawn Scholey

      Examining sustainable poultry production systems across Europe, this book contains a selected cross section of papers from the 2014 UK Poultry Science Symposium. It reviews essential topics such as resources and supply chains, the global poultry market, risk management, zoonoses and green issues. Providing a compilation of the most current research in the poultry science and production industry, this book is an important resource for both researchers and professionals.

    • Horticulture
      September 2015

      Garden Centre Management

      by Ken Crafer

      Garden Centre management has professionalised in recent years as garden centres have become more highly developed retail operations. Many students of horticulture are expected to go into retail management and so the topic has increasingly appeared on the further education curriculum. This book is equally targeted at students, garden centre managers and professional courses in garden centre management. It provides a practical approach backed up by management theory. The text covers consumer behaviour, staff management, stock management, marketing and productivity.

    • Agriculture & farming
      January 2015

      Exotic Fruits and Nuts of the New World

      by Robert E Paull, Odilo Duarte

      A major reference work on exotic and underutilised fruits and nuts of the New World. While many of these are well known in the local markets and in Spanish-language literature, they have rarely been brought to the attention of the wider English-speaking audience, and as such this book will offer an entirely new resource to those interested in exotic crops.

    • Agricultural science
      July 2012

      Farm Incomes, Wealth and Agricultural Policy

      Filling the CAP's Core Information Gap

      by Berkeley Hill

      The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been supporting the incomes of the European Union's agricultural community for half a century. Despite this, there is still no official system in place to track the economic wellbeing of farmers and their families. This book examines the evidence on the overall wealth of farming households, and concludes that in nearly all member states, they are not generally a poor sector of society, with disposable incomes that are similar to, or exceed, the national average. In this updated edition, the author discusses the latest evidence, makes recommendations for gathering better information, and considers the implications for the CAP as we enter the second decade of the 21st century.

    • Biotechnology
      November 2011

      Plants, Biotechnology and Agriculture

      by Denis Murphy

      At a time when the world's food supplies are increasingly unable to meet the needs of a burgeoning population, the subject matter of this book has never been more relevant. At the same time, there is significant diversity of opinion concerning the benefits and perceived dangers of the applications of biotechnology in food production. To help inform this debate, the aim of Plants, Biotechnology & Agriculture is to provide the reader with a comprehensive yet concise overview of plants as both biological organisms and useful resources for people to exploit. The first half of the book gives a basic overview of plant biology including how plants develop and respond to their environment, acting as a primer for those without a biology background and a refresher for students of plant biology and agriculture. These chapters set the scene for an outline of human exploitation of plants, from domestication to scientific manipulation. The complex technologies now being applied to improving crops are then described, guiding the reader through the extensive terminologies and jargon, using focus boxes to illustrate key processes and issues. The final two chapters address society's response to biotechnology, how these technologies are being modified in response to public concerns, and new technologies being developed to meet the challenges of rapid population growth, depletion of non-renewable resources and climate change.

    • Horticulture
      September 2011

      Biology of Hevea Rubber

      by P. M. Priyadarshan

      Rubber is an economically important material that occurs naturally and can be produced synthetically. Many advances have been made in the understanding of the cultivation and biology of the rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, and this book covers the essential elements of rubber breeding and physiology to provide a guide for cultivators and researchers of this vital crop. It provides an in-depth analysis of plant structure and crop physiology, climatic requirements, latex production, genetics and breeding. It also pays particular attention to biotechnology, molecular biology, soil tillage and crop establishment, nutrition, weed control, environmental and biological constraints, ancillary income generation and clean development management.

    • Animal husbandry
      May 2009

      Ethology of Domestic Animals

      an Introductory Text

      by Edited by Per Jensen

      Modern farm environments are profoundly different from the natural habitats of the ancestors of today's farm animals, and through genetic selection, the appearance and behaviour of the animals themselves have also changed. However, the legacy of the ancestors is still obvious, and some apparently bizarre actions are only possible to understand in the light of the evolutionary history of the species. On the other hand, some of the behaviour we can observe in animals in a modern farm or in a laboratory are not part of the normal, species-specific behaviour at all. They may even indicate that the animal is under stress and that its welfare is poor. Distinguishing between these possibilities is one important goal for applied ethology. This revised and updated edition includes extended coverage of dog behaviour and human-animal interactions as well as novel and intriguing research findings. The issue of animal cognition, central to understanding welfare, has also received a more thorough examination.

    • Agriculture & farming
      December 2008

      Sustainable Farmland Management

      New Transdisciplinary Approaches

      by Edited by R Fish, S Seymour, M Steven, Charles Watkins

      Examining the relationship between sustainability and farmland management in diffeing tempoarla spatial and production contexts - this book considers famrland multifuctionality, systems and sytemic thinking, the debates over information, knowledge and ethical aspects.

    • Biotechnology
      March 2008

      Plant Genotyping II

      SNP Technology

      by Edited by Robert J Henry

      Since the publication of Plant Genotyping: the DNA Fingerprinting of Plants in 2001, the techniques available for plant DNA analysis have advanced considerably. Recent developments focus on high throughput methods, and generally target single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery and analysis. SNPs represent the most common form of genetic variation in both plants and animals, and play a key role in revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying traits. Plant Genotyping II: SNP Technology describes some of the import recent developments in this field, with the main focus on SNPs. Contributions cover the discovery, analysis and uses of SNPs, while also examining other approaches to plant genotyping.

    • Fertilizers & manures
      August 2007

      Irrigation Systems

      Design, Planning and Construction

      by Adrian Laycock

      Of all the confrontations man has engineered with nature, irrigation systems have had the most widespread and far-reaching impact on the natural environment. Over a quarter of a billion hectares of the planet are irrigated and entire countries depend on irrigation for their survival and existence. Considering the importance of irrigation schemes, it is unfortunate that until recently the technology and principles of design applied to their construction has hardly changed in 4,000 years. Modern thinking on irrigation engineering has benefited from a cross-fertilization of ideas from many other fields including social sciences, control theory, political economics and agriculture. However, these influences have been largely ignored by irrigation engineers.Drawing on almost 40 years of experience of irrigation in the developing world, Laycock introduces new ideas on the design of irrigation systems and combines important issues from the disciplines of social conflict, management, and political thinking.

    • Biotechnology
      March 2007

      Chickpea Breeding and Management

      by Fred J Muehlbauer, Guriqbal Singh. Edited by Shyam S Yadav, R R Redden, W Chen, Balram Sharma.

      The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its improvement. With topics covered including origin and taxonomy, ecology, distribution and genetics, this book combines the many and varied research issues impacting on production and utilization of the chickpea crop on its journey from paddock to plate.

    • Agronomy & crop production
      November 2006

      Microbial Ecology of Aerial Plant Surfaces

      by Edited by Mark J Bailey, Andrew K Lilley, Tracey M Timms-Wilson, Peter T N Spencer-Phillips

      All aerial plant surfaces, including leaves, stems and flowers are inhabited by diverse assemblages of microorganisms, including filamentous fungi, yeasts, bacteria, and bacteriophages. These organisms have profound effects on plant health and thus impact on ecosystem and agricultural functions. This book is based on proceedings from the 8th International Symposium on the mircobiology of aerial plant surfaces, held in Oxford 2005. This is a five yearly conference which brings together international scientists and provides a unique opportunity to discuss developments in this field.

    • Biotechnology
      April 2005

      Genetic Diversity of Cacao and its Utilization

      by Basil G D Bartley

      The cacao (Theobroma cacao) plant is an important Neo-Tropical species whose natural habitat is the Amazon basin. Over the last 30 years there has been a considerable geographical expansion in the availability of cacao genetic resources. As a result the plant has a rich genetic diversity that exists at two levels: that of the primitive populations in the area of original distribution of the species, and that of the derived cultivated populations. This book provides a comprehensive review of our current knowledge of the diversity of the species. It starts by examining the diversity and inheritance of the characteristics of primitive populations in the Amazonian and Caribbean regions. It then looks at the evolution of diversity within cultivated populations first in South America and around the Caribbean, and then beyond the Americas. The book describes the inter-relationships between populations based on morphological and molecular markers. It also examines the conservation of genetic resources and how these genetic resources can be utilized to produce new cultivars.

    • Animal breeding
      October 2000

      Field and Laboratory Methods for Grassland and Animal Production Research

      by Edited by L t’Mannetje, Richard M Jones

      This book discusses methods in the field and laboartory for grassland and animal production research.

    • Horticulture
      October 1999

      Strawberries

      by James F Hancock

      This book is the first single author work to be published for more than thirty years that provides a broad, balanced review of our scientific knowledge of strawberries and their cultivation. In recent years, methods of strawberry culture have undergone extensive modifications and the strawberry industry has expanded considerably in a number of countries in Europe and Asia, as well as in North America.This title covers aspects from taxonomy, ecology, morphology and genetics to environmental physiology, disease and pest control, fruit ripening, storage and processing.An excellent, concise overview of strawberries and their cultivationPart of the popular Crop Production Science in Horticulture SeriesWorldwide in scope.

    • Insecticide & herbicide technology
      July 1995

      Host Plant Resistance to Insects

      by Niranjan Panda, Gurdev S Khush

      The overuse and misuse of insecticides some four decades ago created major environmental problems and was followed by the development of an ‘integrated pest management’ approach to crop pests. This approach utilizes a combination of host plant resistance and cultural, biological and chemical control methods. Crop improvement programs emphasize the breeding of crop varieties with multiple resistance to pests, and resistant varieties developed in recent years represent some of the greatest achievements of modern agriculture. This book presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests. It shows how plants can defend themselves naturally and how insects have adapted to overcome these mechanisms through coevolution. It also describes screening and breeding for insect resistance.

    • Organic farming
      August 1994

      Ornamental Bedding Plants

      by Allan M Armitage

      Traditionally, bedding plants are those plants used to provide colour in summer garden beds. Although some writers include any herbaceous plant started under controlled environmental conditions and sold for outdoor use, embracing a number of fruit and vegetable crops, in this book ornamental bedding plants include tender herbaceous ornamental annuals and biennials only. As with other titles in this series, the aim of this book is to present scientific principles that underlie production practices. The author discusses traditional and plug methods of production, the latter having revolutionized mass market production during the last decade. The principles of propagation and growing on, including the role of nutrition and media, temperature, light, supplemental carbon dioxide and growth regulators, are described. Aspects of postproduction, diseases and pests, and mechanization, are also considered. There is also an appendix providing production guidelines for 15 major bedding plant species, including begonia, impatiens, petunia, marigolds and pansies. Written by one of America’s foremost horticultural scientists and writers, the book is invaluable for plant producers or growers, as well as for students of ornamental or amenity horticulture.

    • Insecticide & herbicide technology
      February 1994

      Potato Genetics

      by Edited by John E Bradshaw, George R Mackay

      The potato is economically a very important crop in many parts of the world. All improvements through potato breeding or biotechnology must be based on a thorough knowledge of potato genetics. This book fills a major gap in the current literature for an up-to-date account of this topic and its implications for crop improvement. Written by authorities from the UK, USA, Canada, Peru, Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Poland, this major reference work will be indispensible for workers in plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.

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