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    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      July 2017

      Almonds

      Botany, Production and Uses

      by Rafel Socias i Company, Thomas M Gradziel

      This book provides a comprehensive overview of almond growing from a scientific and horticultural perspective, covering botany, production, processing and industrial uses. Almonds are an important crop; they are highly regarded for their flavour, nutritional properties and culinary uses, and almond oil is used widely in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical production. They are easy to transport and have long storability, facilitating global dissemination. Demand is constantly increasing and global production has more than doubled in the last 20 years. The popularity of almonds and the increase in demand has required new plantings and a response to ongoing changes in cultural and climatic conditions. Almonds: Botany, Production and Uses meets the need for up-to-date information on this crop and covers: · botany and taxonomy · cultivation, genetics and breeding · propagation, orchard management and harvesting · pests and diseases · nutrition, marketing and utilization Authored by an international team of experts and presented in full colour throughout, this book is an essential resource for academic researchers and extension workers, as well as growers, orchard managers and industry personnel. ; This book provides a comprehensive overview of almond growing, covering botany in addition to processing and industrial uses. Authored by an international team of experts and in full colour, it also presents genetic, pest, disease and marketing information from a scientific and horticultural perspective. ; 1: Botany and Taxonomy 2: History of Cultivation 3: Production and Growing Regions 4: Almond in the Southern Hemisphere 5: Classical Genetics and Breeding 6: Molecular Breeding and Genomics 7: Late-blooming Cultivar Development 8: Pollen-Style (In)compatibility: Development of Autogamous Cultivars 9: Rootstock Development 10: Propagation Techniques 11: Orchard Systems and Management 12: Climatic Requirements 13: Nutrient and Water Requirements 14: Diseases: Fungi, Bacteria, Viruses, and Nematodes, 15: Pests: Insects, Mites, Birds, and Rodents 16: Harvesting 17: Composition 18: Marketing 19: Almond Utilization

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      August 2017

      Achieving sustainable production of milk Volume 3

      Dairy herd management and welfare

      by Prof. John Webster

      In meeting rising demand, more intensive dairying systems face a range of challenges such as maintaining high standards of safety in the face of the continuing threat from zoonoses entering the food chain, whilst sustaining nutritional and sensory quality. At the same time farms need to become more efficient and sustainable. Finally, farming must also meet higher standards of animal health and welfare.Drawing on an international range of expertise, this book reviews research addressing the welfare, nutrition and health of dairy cattle. Part 1 begins by discussing key issues in welfare followed by topics such as genetic selection and welfare, housing and transportation. Part 2 looks at nutrition with chapters on rumen microbiology, feed evaluation and formulation, feed supplements and feed safety. The final part of the book covers aspects of health such as control of diseases and other disorders such as lameness as well as dairy herd health management.Achieving sustainable production of milk Volume 3: Dairy herd management and welfare will be a standard reference for animal and dairy scientists in universities, government and other research centres and companies involved in beef production. It is accompanied by two other volumes which review milk composition, genetics and breeding as well as safety, quality and sustainability.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      September 2018

      Environmental Engineering

      Basic Principles

      by Vesna Tomašić, Bruno Zelić, Anita Šalić, Ivančica Ternjej, Zlatko Mihaljević, Tomislav Bolanča, Šime Ukić, Mirjana Novak Stankov, Felicita Briški, Marija Vuković Domanovac, Zoran Nakić, Marta Mileusnić, Krešimir Pavlić, Zoran Kovač, Aleksandra Sander, Jasna Prlić Kardum, Gordana Matijašić, Krunoslav Žižek, Karolina Maduna, Danijela Ašperger, Davor Dolar, Krešimir Košutić, Hrvoje Kušić, Ana Lončarić Božić, Ivica Kisić, Željka Zgorelec, Aleksandra Percin, Ana Jurinjak Tušek

      Environmental Engineering provides a profound introduction to Ecology, Chemistry, Microbiology, Geology and Hydrology engineering. The authors explain transport phenomena, air pollution control, waste water management and soil treatment to address the issue of energy preservation, production asset and control of waste from human and animal activities. Modeling of environmental processes and risk assessment conclude the interdisciplinary approach.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      April 2018

      Chemical Product Technology

      by Dmitry Yu. Murzin

      Chemical Product Technology focuses on materials chemistry and introduces industrial manufacturing technologies for different product types. The author presents a full cycle of product development for the materials that are used in everyday live, such as cosmetics, dyes, drugs, papers, textiles, agrochemicals, etc., starting from product selection and up to setup of manufacturing process.

    • Geography & the Environment
      April 2018

      Sustainable Process Integration and Intensification

      Saving Energy, Water and Resources

      by Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Petar Sabev Varbanov, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Zainuddin Abdul Manan

      In its second edition, Sustainable Process Integration and Intensification continues the presentation of fundamentals of key areas of both fields. Thoroughly updated and extended to include the latest developments, the reader also finds illustrated working sessions for deeper understanding of the taught materials.The book is addressed to graduate students as well as professionals to help the effectively application in plant design and operation.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      May 2018

      Membranes

      From Biological Functions to Therapeutic Applications

      by Raz Jelinek

      Describes the properties of cellular membranes and their relationship with fundamental biological processes. This book provides insight on the chemistry, structures, model systems, and techniques employed for studying membrane properties and processes. A major focus is on the prominence of membranes in diverse physiological processes and disease, as well as applications of membranes and biomimetic membrane systems in varied disciplines. The book aims to illuminate the significance and beauty of membrane science, and serve both as an entry point for scholars wishing to embark on membrane research, as well as scientists already working in the field.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      April 2018

      Mathematik für angewandte Wissenschaften

      Ein Lehrbuch für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler

      by Joachim Erven, Dietrich Schwägerl

      Grundlagen: Mengen, reelle Zahlen, elementare Funktionen, Grenzwerte; Lineare Algebra (wesentlich ergänzt): Vektorräume, lineare Gleichungssysteme, Matrizen, Eigenwerte, analytische Geometrie, Skalarprodukt, Norm; komplexe Zahlen: GAUSSsche Zahlenebene, komplexe Funktionen, Anwendungen in der Technik; Differentialrechnung: Differenzierbarkeit, Ableitungsregeln, Anwendung auf Näherungen und Grenzwerte, NEWTON-Iteration; Integralrechnung: Unbestimmtes, bestimmtes, uneigentliches Integral, Hauptsatz der Differential- und Integralrechnung, Integrationsmethoden, praktische Anwendungen, numerische Integration; Ebene und räumliche Kurven: Parameterdarstellung von Kurven, Kurvengleichung in Polarkoordinaten; Reihen: Konvergenzkriterien, Potenzreihen, FOURIER-Reihen; Funktionen mehrerer Variablen: Partielle und vollständige Differenzierbarkeit, Doppelintegrale, Kurvenintegrale, Flächen im Raum, Umrisse; Differentialgleichungen: Elementare Verfahren für Dgln 1. und 2. Ordnung, lineare Dgln, Dgl-Systeme. Neu enthalten: Lineare Ausgleichsrechnung, Nabla-Kalkül, LAPLACE-Transformation, RUNGE-KUTTA-Verfahren In diesem Lehrbuch werden alle notwendigen Mathematikgrundlagen für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler in einem Band dargestellt. Viele anschauliche Beispiele führen in die Thematik ein und vertiefen das Gelernte anhand von über 300 Grafiken. Mit mehr als 300 Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium. Die Erstauflage dieses Buches, 1999 unter dem Titel »Mathematik für Ingenieure« erschienen, entstand aus Vorlesungen, die die beiden Autoren in verschiedenen Fachbereichen der Hochschule München gehalten haben. In der Folge wurden mehrfach Überarbeitungen und Ergänzungen vorgenommen.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      September 2018

      Chemistry for Higher Education

      A Practical Guide to Designing a Course in Chemistry

      by Jan H. Apotheker

      Current publication gives hands-on recommendations how to develop a successful course in either the bachelor or the master of chemistry. The author discusses different ways of course building, such as lectures, workshops, seminars and labs, explains how to identify potential improvements for the next run of the class and elucidates the tools to create an efficient learning environment that helps students to understand the nature of chemistry.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      May 2013

      Advantage

      A Roadmap for Entrepreneurs and Leaders in The Digital Age

      by Declan Kavanagh

      Advantage is what creates value for your customers and your organisation. By having a focus on advantage and the sources of advantage through the life cycle of a business, whether it is commercial or not for profit ensures entrepreneurs and leaders minimise risk and maximise value. This book presents a framework called “The Business Advantage Model (BAM™)” that supports leaders in the identification, creation, proving, securing, leveraging and changing of advantage. It is about “Doing the right things, the right way at the right time” across every aspect of starting, scaling and readjusting a business. Its goal is to help create more high performing organisations.

    • Fiction

      White Gold

      by Rachel Amphlett

      When Sarah Edgewater’s ex-husband is murdered by a radical organisation hell-bent on protecting their assets, she turns to Dan Taylor – geologist, ex-soldier, and lost cause. Together, they must unravel the research notes that Sarah’s ex-husband left behind to locate an explosive device which is circumnavigating the globe towards London – and time is running out. In a fast-paced ecological thriller which spans the globe, from London to Brisbane and back via the Arctic Circle, Dan and Sarah aren’t just chasing the truth – they’re chasing a bomb which, if detonated, will change the future of alternative energy research and the centre of England’s capital forever.

    • Fiction

      Under Fire

      by Rachel Amphlett

      An explosion rocks a Qatari natural gas facility… a luxury cruise liner capsizes in the Mediterranean… and someone has stolen a submarine… Are the events connected?Dan Taylor doesn’t believe in coincidences – all he has to do is convince his superiors they are next in the terrorists’ line of fire. As Britain enters its worst winter on record, Dan must elude capture to ensure the country’s energy resources are protected. At all costs.In an action-packed adventure, from the Middle East through the Mediterranean to London, Dan and his team are on a quest which will test every choice he makes. Assisted by the exotic Antonia Almasi, Dan realises he faces an adversary far greater than he ever imagined.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      February 1983

      International Competition in Advanced Technology

      Decisions for America

      by A Consensus Statement Prepared by the Panel on Advanced Technology Competition and the Industrialized Allies, National Research Council

      ". . . should help mobilize Government support for the nation's slipping technological and international trade position. . . ." Leonard Silk, ;ITThe New York Times.;IT A blue-ribbon panel takes a critical look at the state of U.S. leadership in technological innovation and trade.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      February 1987

      Directions in Engineering Research

      An Assessment of Opportunities and Needs

      by Engineering Research Board, National Research Council

      Surveying the dynamic field of engineering research, Directions in Engineering Research first presents an overview of the status of engineering research today. It then examines research and needs in a variety of areas: bioengineering; construction and structural design; energy, mineralogy, and the environment; information science and computers; manufacturing; materials; and transportation. Specific areas of current research opportunity are discussed in detail, including complex system software, advanced engineered materials, manufacturing systems integration, bioreactors, construction robotics, biomedical engineering, hazardous material control, computer-aided design, and manufacturing modeling and simulation. The authors' recommendations call for funding stability for engineering research programs; modern equipment and facilities; adequate coordination between researchers; increased support for high-risk, high-return, single-investor projects; recruiting of new talent and fostering of multidisciplinary research; and enhanced industry support. Innovative ways to improve the transfer of discoveries from the laboratory to the factory are also presented.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      February 1990

      Safety of Tourist Submersibles

      by Committee on Assessing Passenger Submersible Safety, National Research Council

      Over the past four years more than three-quarters of a million tourists have viewed the colorful coral-lined seas off the U.S. coasts while sitting comfortably in submersibles designed to carry over 40 passengers. Seven tourist submersibles have been operating in U.S. waters, and their safety record has been good. The primary concern, however, is that regulations and procedures will ensure that future submersibles builders and operators meet the same or better standards than are found in present operations. This volume examines the development of the tourist submarines industry throughout the world and explores the problems involved with strengthening the Coast Guard's capability of providing the oversight and expertise needed to certify and inspect tourist submersibles. It identifies the needs for system redundancy, hazards analysis, and quality control and recommends ways to enhance emergency rescue capabilities and management of passenger safety. The book also addresses concerns about small two- or three passenger submarines that do not now fall under the Coast Guard's safety purview.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      February 1992

      U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry

      Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy

      by Committee on Japan, National Research Council

      This book reviews the evolution of strategic alliances involving U.S. and Japanese companies in the semiconductor industry and analyzes whether alliances can contribute to the renewal of an industry faced with stiff competition from Japan. It includes case studies, alternative future scenarios, and suggestions for government and industry.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      September 1999

      Industrial Technology Assessments

      An Evaluation of the Research Program of the Office of Industrial Technologies

      by Committee on Industrial Technology Assessments, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council

      In 1993, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technology (OIT) established a group of seven industries designated as Industries of the Future (IOF). These industries were selected for their high energy use and large waste generation. The original IOF included the aluminum, chemicals, forest products, glass, metalcasting, petroleum refining, and steel industries. Each industry was asked to provide a future vision and a road map detailing the research required to realize its vision. In November 1994, the forest products industry was the first of the IOF industries to enter into an agreement with DOE. OIT asked the National Research Council's National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB) to provide guidance for OIT's transition to the new IOF strategy. The Committee on Industrial Technology Assessment (CITA) was formed for this purpose with the specific tasks of reviewing and evaluating the overall OIT program, reviewing selected OIT-sponsored research projects, and identifying crosscutting technologies (i.e., technologies applicable to more than one industry). CITA was asked to focus on three specific areas: intermetallic alloys, manufacturing process controls, and separations. A separate panel was formed to study each area and publish the results in separate reports.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      August 2001

      The Advanced Technology Program

      Assessing Outcomes

      by Charles W. Wessner, Editor, Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, National Research Council

      This report examines the operations of the APT, reviews its extensive assessment program, and provides NRC Committee findings concerning the ATP’s operations and recommendations for potential improvements to the program. The report includes a summary of a major conference held in April 2000 as well as seven papers, including surveys of the industry participants or users of the ATP program, a summary of the results of fifty awards, detailed assessments of major joint ventures, and a description of the current selection process. It is the most comprehensive study to date of the program’s origins, operations, achievements, and assessment. Its conclusion: the program works.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      July 2003

      Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes

      by Committee on Review of the Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes, National Research Council

      Under mandate of Section 253, Study and Report on Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes, of the Fiscal Year 2002 National Defense Authorization Act, the U.S. Air Force contracted with the National Research Council (NRC) to conduct the present study. In response, the NRC established the Committee on Review of the Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes-composed of academics, active and retired industry executives, former Air Force and Department of Defense (DoD) civilian executives, and retired general officers with acquisition and science and technology (S&T) backgrounds. The committee was to review the effectiveness of the Air Force S&T program and, in particular, the actions that the Air Force has taken to improve the management of the program in recent years in response to concerns voiced in numerous study reports and by Congress. The committee's principal charter was to assess whether, as a whole, the changes put in place by the Air Force since 1999 are sufficient to assure that adequate technology will be available to ensure U.S. military superiority. The committee conducted four open meetings to collect information from the Air Force and its Scientific Advisory Board (SAB), the U.S Navy, the U.S. Army, and DoD. A great many factors influence any judgment of the S&T program's sufficiency in supporting future warfighter needs; these factors include threat assessment, budget constraints, technology opportunities, workforce, and program content. Given the relatively short time available for this study and considering the detailed reviews conducted annually by the SAB, the technical content of the S&T program was necessarily beyond the committee's purview. Rather, the committee focused on S&T management, including areas that have been studied many times, in depth, by previous advisory groups. Besides addressing technical content, those prior studies and congressional concerns highlighted four overarching S&T issues: advocacy and visibility, planning, workforce, and investment levels. In response, the Air Force instituted changes in S&T management. The NRC is requested to conduct a study to determine how changes to the Air Force science and technology program implemented during the past two years affect the future capabilities of the Air Force. Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes reviews and assess whether such changes as a whole are sufficient to ensure the following: A. That concerns about the management of the science and technology program that have been raised by the Congress, the Defense Science Board, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, and the Air Force Association have been adequately addressed. B. That appropriate and sufficient technology is available to ensure the military superiority of the United States and counter future high-risk threats. C. That the science and technology investments are balanced to meet near-, mid-, and long-term needs of the Air Force. D. That the Air Force organizational structure provides for a sufficiently senior level advocate of science and technology to ensure an ongoing, effective presence of the science and technology community during the budget and planning process. This report also assess the specific changes to the Air Force science and technology program as whether the biannual science and technology summits provide sufficient visibility into, and understanding and appreciation of, the value of the science and technology program to the senior level of Air Force budget and policy decision makers.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      November 2008

      An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research

      Fiscal Year 2008

      by Panel on Neutron Research, National Research Council

      The National Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST] Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) is a national user facility whose mission is to ensure the availability of neutron measurement capabilities in order to meet the needs of U.S. researchers from industry, academia, and government agencies. A panel of experts from the National Research Council evaluated the NCNR by the following criteria: (1) the technical merit of the current laboratory programs relative to the current state of the art worldwide; (2) the adequacy of the laboratory facilities, equipment, and human resources, as they affect the quality of the laboratory technical programs; and (3) the degree to which the laboratory programs in measurement science and standards achieve their stated objectives and desired impact. This book finds that NCNR is an extremely reliable and comprehensive neutron scattering facility. Even as the other neutron source in the nation-the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)-becomes increasingly operational and the Oak Ridge High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) comes back online, the NCNR will continue to be a vital resource for meeting the broad spectrum of user needs for and scientific objectives related to neutron scattering.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      February 2010

      Persistent Forecasting of Disruptive Technologies

      by Committee on Forecasting Future Disruptive Technologies; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council

      Technological innovations are key causal agents of surprise and disruption. In the recent past, the United States military has encountered unexpected challenges in the battlefield due in part to the adversary's incorporation of technologies not traditionally associated with weaponry. Recognizing the need to broaden the scope of current technology forecasting efforts, the Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) tasked the Committee for Forecasting Future Disruptive Technologies with providing guidance and insight on how to build a persistent forecasting system to predict, analyze, and reduce the impact of the most dramatically disruptive technologies. The first of two reports, this volume analyzes existing forecasting methods and processes. It then outlines the necessary characteristics of a comprehensive forecasting system that integrates data from diverse sources to identify potentially game-changing technological innovations and facilitates informed decision making by policymakers. The committee's goal was to help the reader understand current forecasting methodologies, the nature of disruptive technologies and the characteristics of a persistent forecasting system for disruptive technology. Persistent Forecasting of Disruptive Technologies is a useful text for the Department of Defense, Homeland Security, the Intelligence community and other defense agencies across the nation.

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