• Science & Mathematics
      October 2016

      Tensor Numerical Methods in Scientific Computing

      by Boris Khoromskij

      This book presents an introduction to the modern tensor-structured numerical methods in scientific computing. In recent years these methods have been shown to provide a powerful tool for efficient computations in higher dimensions, thus overcoming the so-called “curse of dimensionality,” a problem that encompasses various phenomena that arise when analyzing and organizing data in high-dimensional spaces. ;

    • Science & Mathematics
      October 2017

      Ordinary Differential Equations

      Example-driven, Including Maple Code

      by Radu Precup

      Precup's introduction into Ordinary Differential Equations combines models arising in physics and biology for motivation with rigorous reasoning in describing the theory of ODEs and applications and computer simulations with Maple. While offering a concise course of the theory of ODEs it enables the reader to enter thie field of computer simulations. Thus, it is a valuable read for students of mathematics as well as physics and engineering. ;

    • Science & Mathematics
      January 2017

      Tensor Numerical Methods in Electronic Structure Calculations

      Basic Algorithms and Applications

      by Venera Khoromskaia, Boris Khoromskij

      When applied to multidimensional problems, conventional numerical methods suffer from the so-called “curse of dimensionality,” which cannot be eliminated by parallel methods and high performance computers. In this book the authors explain basic tensor formats and algorithms, showing how Tucker tensor decompositions originating from chemometrics brought about a revolution when applied to problems of numerical analysis. ;

    • Science & Mathematics
      April 2017

      Regular Graphs

      A Spectral Approach

      by Zoran Stanić

      Written for mathematicians working with the theory of graph spectra, this (primarily theoretical) book presents relevant results considering the spectral properties of regular graphs. The book begins with a short introduction including necessary terminology and notation. The author then proceeds with basic properties, specific subclasses of regular graphs (like distance-regular graphs, strongly regular graphs, various designs or expanders) and determining particular regular graphs. Each chapter contains detailed proofs, discussions, comparisons, examples, exercises and also indicates possible applications. Finally, the author also includes some conjectures and open problems to promote further research. ContentsSpectral propertiesParticular types of regular graphDeterminations of regular graphsExpandersDistance matrix of regular graphs

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Noncommutative Geometry

      A Functorial Approach

      by Igor V. Nikolaev

      This book covers the basics of noncommutative geometry (NCG) and its applications in topology, algebraic geometry, and number theory. The author takes up the practical side of NCG and its value for other areas of mathematics. A brief survey of the main parts of NCG with historical remarks, bibliography, and a list of exercises is included. The presentation is intended for graduate students and researchers with interests in NCG, but will also serve nonexperts in the field. ContentsPart I: BasicsModel examplesCategories and functorsC∗-algebrasPart II: Noncommutative invariantsTopologyAlgebraic geometryNumber theoryPart III: Brief survey of NCGFinite geometriesContinuous geometriesConnes geometriesIndex theoryJones polynomialsQuantum groupsNoncommutative algebraic geometryTrends in noncommutative geometry

    • Science & Mathematics
      June 2018

      Analytische Zahlentheorie

      Rund um den Primzahlsatz

      by Gilbert Helmberg

      Diese kompakte Einführung in die Gebiete der Analytischen Zahlentheorie, die den Primzahlsatz, den Satz über Primzahlen in arithmetischen Folgen und die Riemannsche zeta-Funktion zum Gegenstand hat, wurde für einen einsemestrigen Kurs für Studierende der Mathematik an der Universität Innsbruck konzipiert. Die anregende Darstellung und der Einschluss der Resultate aus der Analysis, Funktionentheorie und Gruppentheorie, auf die die Analytische Zahlentheorie zurückgreift, erlauben ebenso die Benutzung des Buches zum Selbststudium, wie auch als Nachschlagewerk für Mathematiker aus anderen Bereichen. Inhalt Größenordnungen zahlentheoretischer Funktionen Dirichlet-Reihen Der Primzahlsatz Die zeta-Funktion auf der komplexen Ebene ℂ Anhang: Hilfsresultate aus der Analysis, der Funktionentheorie und der Gruppentheorie

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Complex Analysis

      A Functional Analytic Approach

      by Friedrich Haslinger

      In this textbook, a concise approach to complex analysis of one and several variables is presented. After an introduction of Cauchy‘s integral theorem general versions of Runge‘s approximation theorem and Mittag-Leffler‘s theorem are discussed. The fi rst part ends with an analytic characterization of simply connected domains. The second part is concerned with functional analytic methods: Fréchet and Hilbert spaces of holomorphic functions, the Bergman kernel, and unbounded operators on Hilbert spaces to tackle the theory of several variables, in particular the inhomogeneous Cauchy-Riemann equations and the d-bar Neumann operator. ContentsComplex numbers and functionsCauchy’s Theorem and Cauchy’s formulaAnalytic continuationConstruction and approximation of holomorphic functionsHarmonic functionsSeveral complex variablesBergman spacesThe canonical solution operator to Nuclear Fréchet spaces of holomorphic functionsThe -complexThe twisted -complex and Schrödinger operators

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      April 2018

      Mathematik für angewandte Wissenschaften

      Ein Lehrbuch für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler

      by Joachim Erven, Dietrich Schwägerl

      Grundlagen: Mengen, reelle Zahlen, elementare Funktionen, Grenzwerte; Lineare Algebra (wesentlich ergänzt): Vektorräume, lineare Gleichungssysteme, Matrizen, Eigenwerte, analytische Geometrie, Skalarprodukt, Norm; komplexe Zahlen: GAUSSsche Zahlenebene, komplexe Funktionen, Anwendungen in der Technik; Differentialrechnung: Differenzierbarkeit, Ableitungsregeln, Anwendung auf Näherungen und Grenzwerte, NEWTON-Iteration; Integralrechnung: Unbestimmtes, bestimmtes, uneigentliches Integral, Hauptsatz der Differential- und Integralrechnung, Integrationsmethoden, praktische Anwendungen, numerische Integration; Ebene und räumliche Kurven: Parameterdarstellung von Kurven, Kurvengleichung in Polarkoordinaten; Reihen: Konvergenzkriterien, Potenzreihen, FOURIER-Reihen; Funktionen mehrerer Variablen: Partielle und vollständige Differenzierbarkeit, Doppelintegrale, Kurvenintegrale, Flächen im Raum, Umrisse; Differentialgleichungen: Elementare Verfahren für Dgln 1. und 2. Ordnung, lineare Dgln, Dgl-Systeme. Neu enthalten: Lineare Ausgleichsrechnung, Nabla-Kalkül, LAPLACE-Transformation, RUNGE-KUTTA-Verfahren In diesem Lehrbuch werden alle notwendigen Mathematikgrundlagen für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler in einem Band dargestellt. Viele anschauliche Beispiele führen in die Thematik ein und vertiefen das Gelernte anhand von über 300 Grafiken. Mit mehr als 300 Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium. Die Erstauflage dieses Buches, 1999 unter dem Titel »Mathematik für Ingenieure« erschienen, entstand aus Vorlesungen, die die beiden Autoren in verschiedenen Fachbereichen der Hochschule München gehalten haben. In der Folge wurden mehrfach Überarbeitungen und Ergänzungen vorgenommen.

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2018

      Martingale und Prozesse

      by René L. Schilling

      Dieser Band ist der dritte Teil der „Modernen Stochastik". Als Fortsetzung der „Wahrscheinlichkeit" werden nun dynamische stochastische Phänomene anhand stochastischer Prozesse in diskreter Zeit betrachtet. Die erste Hälfte des Buchs gibt eine Einführung in die Theorie der diskreten Martingale – ihr Konvergenzverhalten, optional sampling & stopping, gleichgradige Integrierbarkeit und Martingalungleichungen. Die Stärke der Martingaltechniken wird in den Kapiteln über Anwendungen in der klassischen Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und über die Burkholder-Davis-Gundy-Ungleichungen illustriert. Die zweite Hälfte des Buchs beschäftigt sich mit Irrfahrten auf dem Gitter ℤd und auf ℝd, ihrem Fluktuationsverhalten, Rekurrenz und Transienz. Die letzten beiden Kapitel geben einen Einblick in die probabilistische Potentialtheorie sowie einen Ausblick auf die Brownsche Bewegung: Donskers Invarianzprinzip. Contents Fair Play Bedingte Erwartung Martingale Stoppen und Lokalisieren Konvergenz von Martingalen L2-Martingale Gleichgradig integrierbare Martingale Einige klassische Resultate der W-Theorie Elementare Ungleichungen für Martingale Die Burkholder–Davis–Gundy Ungleichungen Zufällige Irrfahrten auf ℤd – erste Schritte Fluktuationen einer einfachen Irrfahrt auf ℤ Rekurrenz und Transienz allgemeiner Irrfahrten Irrfahrten und Analysis Donskers Invarianzprinzip und die Brownsche Bewegung

    • History of mathematics
      September 2012

      Robert Recorde

      The Life and Times of a Tudor Mathematician

      by Gareth Roberts (Editor), Fenny Smith (Editor),

      Recent research has revealed new information about the Welsh Tudor mathematician, Robert Recorde who invented the equals sign (=) – what inspired his work and what was its influence on the development of mathematics education in the English-speaking world. The findings of that research, presented at a commemorative conference in 2008, form the core of this publication. The book begins with an account of Recorde’s life and an overview of his work in mathematics, medicine and cosmography. Individual chapters concentrate on each of his books in turn, taken chronologically, and are supplemented by chapters that present historical perspectives of Recorde’s work and its wider European links and one that sets Recorde’s work within the general knowledge economy.

    • Mathematics

      Maths Problem Solving, Year 1

      by Catherine Yemm

      Maths Problem Solving, Year 1 is the first book in a six-book series that has been written for teachers to use during the numeracy lesson. The sheets provide opportunities for making decisions, reasoning about numbers and shapes, solving real life problems and organizing and using data. Differentiated sheets makes it easy to use the sheets in a mixed-ability classroom. The length of the problems are varied with short, medium and more extended problems for children to solve. The problems on each page are mixed so the children do not assume that the solution process is the same each time, but have to understand the problem. They are varied in their complexity and are presented in a meaningful, age-appropriate manner with topics the children will find relevant.

    • Mathematics

      It All Adds Up

      How Numerology Change Your Life

      by Margaret Neylon

      A simple guide to the science of numbers and how it can change your life. It All Adds Up shows us how to work out the special numbers in our live, using simple addition. When you know what you should do and the right time to do it then you are on the road to success.

    • History of mathematics
      September 2012

      Robert Recorde

      The Life and Times of a Tudor Mathematician

      by Gareth Roberts (Editor), Fenny Smith (Editor),

      Recent research has revealed new information about the Welsh Tudor mathematician, Robert Recorde who invented the equals sign (=) – what inspired his work and what was its influence on the development of mathematics education in the English-speaking world. The findings of that research, presented at a commemorative conference in 2008, form the core of this publication. The book begins with an account of Recorde’s life and an overview of his work in mathematics, medicine and cosmography. Individual chapters concentrate on each of his books in turn, taken chronologically, and are supplemented by chapters that present historical perspectives of Recorde’s work and its wider European links and one that sets Recorde’s work within the general knowledge economy.

    • Biography: general

      Simply Dirac

      by Helge Kragh

      Paul Dirac (1902–1984) was a brilliant mathematician and a 1933 Nobel laureate whose work ranks alongside that of Albert Einstein and Sir Isaac Newton. Although not as well known as his famous contemporaries Werner Heisenberg and Richard Feynman, his influence on the course of physics was immense. His landmark book, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, introduced that new science to the world and his “Dirac equation” was the first theory to reconcile special relativity and quantum mechanics. Dirac held the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Cambridge University, a position also occupied by such luminaries as Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking. Yet, during his 40-year career as a professor, he had only a few doctoral students due to his peculiar personality, which bordered on the bizarre. Taciturn and introverted, with virtually no social skills, he once turned down a knighthood because he didn’t want to be addressed by his first name. Einstein described him as “balancing on the dizzying path between genius and madness.” In Simply Dirac, author Helge Kragh blends the scientific and the personal, and invites the reader to get to know both Dirac the quantum genius and Dirac the social misfit. Featuring cameo appearances by some of the greatest scientists of the 20th century and highlighting the dramatic changes that occurred in the field of physics during Dirac’s lifetime, this fascinating biography is an invaluable introduction to a truly singular man.

    • Biography: general

      Simply Riemann

      by Jeremy Gray

      Born to a poor Lutheran pastor in what is today the Federal Republic of Germany, Bernhard Riemann (1826-1866) was a child math prodigy who began studying for a degree in theology before formally committing to mathematics in 1846, at the age of 20. Though he would live for only another 20 years (he died of pleurisy during a trip to Italy), his seminal work in a number of key areas—several of which now bear his name—had a decisive impact on the shape of mathematics in the succeeding century and a half. In Simply Riemann, author Jeremy Gray provides a comprehensive and intellectually stimulating introduction to Riemann’s life and paradigm-defining work. Beginning with his early influences—in particular his relationship with his renowned predecessor Carl Friedrich Gauss—Gray goes on to explore Riemann’s specific contributions to geometry, functions of a complex variable, prime numbers, and functions of a real variable, which opened the way to discovering the limits of the calculus. He shows how without Riemannian geometry, cosmology after Einstein would be unthinkable, and he illuminates the famous Riemann hypothesis, which is regarded by many as the most important unsolved problem in mathematics today. With admirable concision and clarity, Simply Riemann opens the door on one of the most profound and original thinkers of the 19th century—a man who pioneered the concept of a multidimensional reality and who always saw his work as another way to serve God.

    • History of mathematics
      September 2012

      Robert Recorde

      The Life and Times of a Tudor Mathematician

      by Gareth Roberts (Editor), Fenny Smith (Editor),

      Recent research has revealed new information about the Welsh Tudor mathematician, Robert Recorde who invented the equals sign (=) – what inspired his work and what was its influence on the development of mathematics education in the English-speaking world. The findings of that research, presented at a commemorative conference in 2008, form the core of this publication. The book begins with an account of Recorde’s life and an overview of his work in mathematics, medicine and cosmography. Individual chapters concentrate on each of his books in turn, taken chronologically, and are supplemented by chapters that present historical perspectives of Recorde’s work and its wider European links and one that sets Recorde’s work within the general knowledge economy.

    • Biography: general

      Simply Gödel

      by Richard Tieszen

      Kurt Gödel (1906–1978) was born in Austria-Hungary (now the Czech Republic) and grew up in an ethnic German family. As a student, he excelled in languages and mathematics, mastering university-level math while still in high school. He received his doctorate from the University of Vienna at the age of 24 and, a year later, published the pioneering theorems on which his fame rests. In 1939, with the rise of Nazism, Gödel and his wife settled in the U.S., where he continued his groundbreaking work at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton and became a close friend of Albert Einstein’s. In Simply Gödel, Richard Tieszen traces Gödel’s life and career, from his early years in tumultuous, culturally rich Vienna to his many brilliant achievements as a member of IAS, as well as his repeated battles with mental illness. In discussing Gödel’s ideas, Tieszen not only provides an accessible explanation of the incompleteness theorems, but explores some of his lesser known writings, including his thoughts on time travel and his proof of the existence of God. With clarity and sympathy, Simply Gödel brings to life Gödel’s fascinating personal and intellectual journey and conveys the lasting impact of his work on our modern world.

    • Mathematical foundations
      September 2013

      Mathematics Olympiod For Imo Aspirants

      Highly Recommended For Cracking Olympiads

      by Jaya Ghosh

      This book has been designed to fulfil the preparation needs of candidates who aspire to crack International Mathematics Olympiad, National Talent Search Exam, and other competitive exams. The book is strictly based on the latest curriculum from International Mathematics Olympiad. It has been prepared in accordance with the latest syllabus issued from CBSE, ICSE and other school boards across the country. The book consists of three sections namely Logical Reasoning, Mathematical Reasoning and Everyday Mathematics. The Concepts, Formulae and important Tips are given in the beginning of each chapter. Fully solved Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with detailed explanations enhance the problem solving skills of students. Model Papers are included in the book for thorough practice, and Previous Years’ IMO papers given in the CDs help candidates to understand the level of difficulty and grasp the structure of questions asked in the exam. Salient Features:  Concepts are introduced gradually  Simple, lucid and systematic presentation  Detailed solutions at the end of each chapter  Previous years’ Question Papers and Model Test Papers Highly Recommended The book is highly recommended for the candidates who aspire to get distinction in Mathematics and Science Olympiads at national and international level. It will prove very useful for various other competitive examinations such as:  NTSE, NSTSE, SLSTSE  SSC, DSC, B. Ed, TET, CTET etc.

    • Mathematics
      September 2015

      Mathematics for economists

      An introductory textbook (new edition)

      by Malcolm Pemberton, Nicholas Rau

      This book is a self-contained treatment of all the mathematics needed by undergraduate and masters-level students of economics. Building up gently from a very low level, the authors provide a clear, systematic coverage of calculus and matrix algebra. The second half of the book gives a thorough account of probability, optimisation and dynamics. The final two chapters are an introduction to the rigorous mathematical analysis used in graduate-level economics. The emphasis throughout is on intuitive argument and problem-solving. All methods are illustrated by examples, exercises and problems selected from central areas of modern economic analysis. The book's careful arrangement in short chapters enables it to be used in a variety of course formats for students with or without prior knowledge of calculus, for reference and for self-study. This new fourth edition includes two chapters on probability theory, providing the essential mathematical background for upper-level courses on economic theory, econometrics and finance. Answers to all exercises and complete solutions to all problems are available online from a regularly updated website.

    • Mathematics
      July 2012

      Fueling Innovation and Discovery

      The Mathematical Sciences in the 21st Century

      by Committee on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025; Board on Mathematical Sciences And Their Applications; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council

      The mathematical sciences are part of everyday life. Modern communication, transportation, science, engineering, technology, medicine, manufacturing, security, and finance all depend on the mathematical sciences. Fueling Innovation and Discovery describes recent advances in the mathematical sciences and advances enabled by mathematical sciences research. It is geared toward general readers who would like to know more about ongoing advances in the mathematical sciences and how these advances are changing our understanding of the world, creating new technologies, and transforming industries. Although the mathematical sciences are pervasive, they are often invoked without an explicit awareness of their presence. Prepared as part of the study on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025, a broad assessment of the current state of the mathematical sciences in the United States, Fueling Innovation and Discovery presents mathematical sciences advances in an engaging way. The report describes the contributions that mathematical sciences research has made to advance our understanding of the universe and the human genome. It also explores how the mathematical sciences are contributing to healthcare and national security, and the importance of mathematical knowledge and training to a range of industries, such as information technology and entertainment. Fueling Innovation and Discovery will be of use to policy makers, researchers, business leaders, students, and others interested in learning more about the deep connections between the mathematical sciences and every other aspect of the modern world. To function well in a technologically advanced society, every educated person should be familiar with multiple aspects of the mathematical sciences.

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