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  • Law
    May 2019

    Madness on trial

    A transatlantic history of English civil law and lunacy

    by James Moran, Keir Waddington

    This book examines the powerful influence of civil law on understandings and responses to madness in England and in New Jersey. The influence of civil law on the history of madness has not hitherto been of major academic investigation. This body of law, established and developed over a five hundred year period, greatly influenced how those from England's propertied classes understood and responded to madness. Moreover, the civil law governing the response to madness in England was successfully exported into several of its colonies, including New Jersey. Drawing on a well-preserved and rare collection of trials in lunacy in New Jersey, this book reveals the important ties of civil law, local custom and perceptions of madness in transatlantic perspective. This book will be highly relevant to scholars interested in law, medicine, psychiatry, madness studies, as well as contemporary issues in mental capacity and guardianship.

  • Literature & Literary Studies
    April 2019

    Staging the revolution

    Drama, reinvention and history, 1647–72

    by Rachel Willie

    Staging the revolution offers a reappraisal of the weight and volume of theatrical output during the commonwealth and early Restoration, both in terms of live performances and performances on the paper stage. It argues that the often-cited notion that 1642 marked an end to theatrical production in England until the playhouses were reopened in 1660 is a product of post-Restoration re-writing of the English civil wars and the representations of royalists and parliamentarians that emerged in the 1640s and 1650s. These retellings of recent events in dramatic form mean that drama is central to civil-war discourse. Staging the revolution examines the ways in which drama was used to rewrite the civil war and commonwealth period and demonstrates that, far from marking a clear cultural demarcation from the theatrical output of the early seventeenth century, the Restoration is constantly reflecting back on the previous thirty years.

  • April 2019

    Open Science by Design

    Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research

    by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Policy and Global Affairs, Board on Research Data and Information, Committee on Toward an Open Science Enterprise

    Openness and sharing of information are fundamental to the progress of science and to the effective functioning of the research enterprise. The advent of scientific journals in the 17th century helped power the Scientific Revolution by allowing researchers to communicate across time and space, using the technologies of that era to generate reliable knowledge more quickly and efficiently. Harnessing today’s stunning, ongoing advances in information technologies, the global research enterprise and its stakeholders are moving toward a new open science ecosystem. Open science aims to ensure the free availability and usability of scholarly publications, the data that result from scholarly research, and the methodologies, including code or algorithms, that were used to generate those data. Open Science by Design is aimed at overcoming barriers and moving toward open science as the default approach across the research enterprise. This report explores specific examples of open science and discusses a range of challenges, focusing on stakeholder perspectives. It is meant to provide guidance to the research enterprise and its stakeholders as they build strategies for achieving open science and take the next steps.

  • April 2019

    Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030

    by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Board on Environmental Change and Society, Health and Medicine Division, Food and Nutrition Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Committee on Science Breakthroughs 2030: A Strategy for Food and Agricultural Research

    For nearly a century, scientific advances have fueled progress in U.S. agriculture to enable American producers to deliver safe and abundant food domestically and provide a trade surplus in bulk and high-value agricultural commodities and foods. Today, the U.S. food and agricultural enterprise faces formidable challenges that will test its long-term sustainability, competitiveness, and resilience. On its current path, future productivity in the U.S. agricultural system is likely to come with trade-offs. The success of agriculture is tied to natural systems, and these systems are showing signs of stress, even more so with the change in climate. More than a third of the food produced is unconsumed, an unacceptable loss of food and nutrients at a time of heightened global food demand. Increased food animal production to meet greater demand will generate more greenhouse gas emissions and excess animal waste. The U.S. food supply is generally secure, but is not immune to the costly and deadly shocks of continuing outbreaks of food-borne illness or to the constant threat of pests and pathogens to crops, livestock, and poultry. U.S. farmers and producers are at the front lines and will need more tools to manage the pressures they face. Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030 identifies innovative, emerging scientific advances for making the U.S. food and agricultural system more efficient, resilient, and sustainable. This report explores the availability of relatively new scientific developments across all disciplines that could accelerate progress toward these goals. It identifies the most promising scientific breakthroughs that could have the greatest positive impact on food and agriculture, and that are possible to achieve in the next decade (by 2030).

  • The Arts
    April 2019

    Daniel Calparsoro

    by Nuria Triana-Toribio, Ann Davies, Andy Willis

    Daniel Calparsoro, a director who has made a crucial contribution to contemporary Spanish and Basque cinema, has provoked strong reactions from the critics. Reductively dismissed as a works of crude violence by those lamenting a 'lost golden age' of Spanish filmmaking, Calparsoro's films in fact reveal a more complex interaction with trends and traditions in both Spanish and Hollywood cinema. This book is the first full-length study of the director's work, from his early social-realist films set in the Basque Country to his later forays into the genres of the war and horror. It offers an in-depth film-by-film analysis while simultaneously exploring the director's position in the contemporary Spanish context, the tension between directors and critics and the question of national cinema in an area - the Basque Country - of heightened national and regional sensitivities.

  • Humanities & Social Sciences
    April 2019

    The gentleman's mistress

    Illegitimate relationships and children, 1450–1640

    by Tim Thornton, Katharine Carlton

    This study explores pre- and extra-marital relationships among the gentry and nobility of the north of England from 1450-1640: the keeping of mistresses, the taking of lovers, the birth of illegitimate children and the fate of those children. It challenges assumptions about the extent to which such activities declined in the period, and hence about the impact of Protestantism and other changes to the culture of the elite. A major contribution to the literature on marriage and sexual relationships, family, kinship and gender, it is aimed at an academic readership in the fields of social and political history.

  • Humanities & Social Sciences
    May 2019

    The Irish parliament, 1613–89

    The evolution of a colonial institution

    by Coleman A. Dennehy, Micheál Ó Siochrú

    The Irish parliament was both the scene of frequent political battles and an important administrative and legal element of the state machinery of early modern Ireland. This institutional study looks at how parliament dispatched its business on a day-to-day basis. It takes in major areas of responsibility such as creating law, delivering justice, conversing with the executive and administering parliamentary privilege. Its ultimate aim is to present the Irish parliament as one of many such representative assemblies emerging from the feudal state and into the modern world, with a changing set of responsibilities that would inevitably transform the institution and how it saw both itself and the other political assemblies of the day.

  • Literature & Literary Studies
    May 2019

    The arts of Angela Carter

    A cabinet of curiosities

    by Marie Mulvey-Roberts

    This book aims to give new insights into the multifarious worlds of Angela Carter and to re-assess her impact and importance for the twenty-first century. It brings together leading Carter scholars with some emerging academics, in a new approach to her work, which focuses on the diversity of her interests and versatility across different fields. Even where chapters are devoted specifically to her fiction, they tend to concentrate on inter-disciplinary crossings-over as in, for example, psycho-geography or translational poetics. The purpose of this collection is to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of her death. This is the continuation of a tradition, triggered by the first edited collection by Lorna Sage in 1994, published in the wake of her untimely death in 1992, while the most recent, New Critical Readings (2012) , edited by Sonya Andermahr and Lawrence Phillips marks the twentieth anniversary.

  • Literature & Literary Studies
    May 2019

    Interventions

    Rethinking the nineteenth century

    by Andrew Smith, Anna Barton

    This book aims to intervene in current critical contexts for the study of nineteenth-century literature within the academy and beyond. Topics discussed include science and technology, poetry and philosophy, the Gothic, anatomical exhibitions, the global spread of liberalism, Anglo-American publishing, Punjabi popular culture and the neo-Victorian in literature, film and performance. By bringing together a broad range of intellectually challenging perspectives, the book offers an engaging critical overview of the field of nineteenth-century literary studies that will appeal both to scholars working within the field and students and teachers encountering this fascinating area of study for the first time.

  • Humanities & Social Sciences
    May 2019

    Change and the politics of certainty

    by Jenny Edkins

    Despite the imperative for change in a world of persistent inequality, racism and violence, difficulties arise once we try to bring it about. We may want to change the world, but we are not separate, looking in, but rather part of the world. We cannot be certain what impact our actions will have. What are we to do, if this is the case? Chapters scrutinise the role of intellectuals, experts and activists in famine aid, the Iraq war, humanitarianism, memory, enforced disappearance, and Grenfell. Plays and films are considered, and autobiographical accounts probe the author's background. The book is essential reading for all who strive for a better world. It will be of particular interest to students embarking on the study of politics, international politics and the social sciences more broadly, as well as new and established academics and researchers.

  • Humanities & Social Sciences
    May 2019

    All in the mix

    Race, class and school choice

    by Bridget Byrne, Carla De Tona

    All in the mix: class, race and school choice considers how parents choose secondary schools for their children and makes an important intervention into debates on school choice and education. The book examines how parents talk about race, religion and class - in the process of choosing. It also explores how parents' own racialized and classed positions, as well as their experience of education can shape the way they approach choosing schools. Based on in-depth interviews with parents from different class and racialised backgrounds in three areas in and around Manchester, the shows how discussions about school choice are shaped by the places in which the choices are made. It argues that careful consideration of choosing schools opens up a moment to explore the ways in which people imagine themselves, their children and others in social, relational space.

  • Medicine
    July 2019

    TAVI

    Kathetergestützte Aortenklappenimplantation

    by Lenard Conradi

    Die kathetergestützte minimalinvasive Implantation einer Aortenklappenprothese (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, TAVI) hat sich neben der offen-chirurgischen Implantation besonders für Patienten mit erhöhtem Operationsrisiko etabliert. In diesem Buch geben die Autoren einen fundierten Überblick über gängige Prothesen – selbstexpandierend, Ballon- oder mechanisch expandierbar – und beschreiben detailliert die Prozedurplanung inklusive Diagnostik, die relevanten Zugangswege und verschiedenen Implantationstechniken. Besonderer Fokus liegt auf der Beschreibung von Limitationen und kritischer Patientenauswahl sowie dem Komplikationsmanagement. Die klinischen Aspekte werden durch aktuelle Studien, die Chronologie und Weiterentwicklung der Anwendung und einen Ausblick auf neue Techniken ergänzt.

  • Literature & Literary Studies
    May 2019

    Spenserian satire

    A tradition of indirection

    by J. B. Lethbridge, Rachel Hile, Joshua Samuel Reid

    Scholars of Edmund Spenser have focused much more on his accomplishments in epic and pastoral than his work in satire. Scholars of early modern English satire almost never discuss Spenser. However, these critical gaps stem from later developments in the canon rather than any insignificance in Spenser's accomplishments and influence on satiric poetry. This book argues that the indirect form of satire developed by Spenser served during and after Spenser's lifetime as an important model for other poets who wished to convey satirical messages with some degree of safety. The book connects key Spenserian texts in The Shepheardes Calender and the Complaints volume with poems by a range of authors in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, including Joseph Hall, Thomas Nashe, Tailboys Dymoke, Thomas Middleton and George Wither, to advance the thesis that Spenser was seen by his contemporaries as highly relevant to satire in Elizabethan England.

  • Children's & YA
    May 2019

    Indigo Girl

    by Suzanne Kamata

    Fifteen-year-old Aiko Cassidy, a bicultural girl with cerebral palsy, grew up in Michigan with her single mother. For as long as she could remember, it was just the two of them. When a new stepfather and a baby half sister enter her life, she finds herself on the margins. Having recently come into contact with her biological father, she is invited to spend the summer with his indigo-growing family in a small Japanese farming village. Aiko thinks she just might fit in better in Japan. If nothing else, she figures the trip will inspire her manga story,Gadget Girl. However, Aiko’s stay in Japan is not quite the easygoing vacation that she expected. Her grandmother is openly hostile toward her, and she soon learns of painful family secrets that have been buried for years. Even so, she takes pleasure in meeting new friends. She is drawn to Taiga, the figure skater who shows her the power of persistence against self-doubt. Sora is a fellow manga enthusiast who introduces Aiko to a wide circle of like-minded artists. And then there is Kotaro, a refugee from the recent devastating earthquake in northeastern Japan. As she gets to know her biological father and the story of his break with her mother, Aiko begins to rethink the meaning of family and her own place in the world.

  • The Arts
    April 2019

    Alejandro Amenábar

    by Nuria Triana-Toribio, Barry Jordan, Andy Willis

    Since the release of his first feature in 1996, Alejandro Amenábar has become the 'golden boy' of Spanish filmmaking, a bankable star director whose brand virtually guarantees quality, big audiences and domestic box office success. He has directed three of the highest-grossing movies in Spanish film history and has enjoyed enormous international and critical acclaim, including an Oscar for Best Foreign Film for Mar Adentro/The Sea Inside, 2004. This book is the first full-length study in English of Amenábar's shorts and feature films. It provides detailed analysis of his engagement with popular film genres as the basis for an auteur cinema and incorporates a reappraisal of his auteurism as fundamentally decentred and shared. An essential resource for students, scholars and fans of Amenábar, the book will also appeal to a wider readership, including professionals in the film, media and culture industries as well as those who have a general interest in cinema.

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