• Conservation of the environment
      March 2016

      Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforests

      An integrated approach to sustainability

      by Eberhard F Bruenig

      This new edition of Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforests applies the large body of knowledge, experience and tradition available to those who study tropical rainforests. Revised and updated in light of developments in science, technology, economics, politics, etc. and their effects on tropical forests, it describes the principles of integrated conservation and management that lead to sustainability, identifying the unifying phenomena that regulate the processes within the rainforest and that are fundamental to the ecosystem viability. Features of the natural forest and the socio-cultural ecosystems which can be mimicked in the design of self-sustaining forests are also discussed. A holistic approach to the management and conservation of rainforests is developed throughout the book. The focus on South-East Asian forestry will be widened to include Africa and Latin America. Recent controversial issues such as biofuels and carbon credits with respect to tropical forests and their inhabitants will be discussed. This book is a substantial contribution to the literature, it is a valuable resource for all those concerned with rainforests.

    • Global warming
      December 2015

      Climate Change and Agricultural Water Management in Developing Countries

      by Edited by Chu T Hoanh, Vladimir Smakhtin, Robyn Johnston.

      The book provides an analysis of impacts of climate change on water for agriculture, and the adaptation strategies in water management to deal with these impacts. Chapters include an assessment at global level, with details on impacts in various countries. Adaptation measures including groundwater management, water storage, small and large scale irrigation to support agriculture and aquaculture are presented. Agricultural implications of sea level rise, as a subsequent impact of climate change, are also examined.

    • Conservation of the environment
      October 2015

      Climate Change and Insect Pests

      by Edited by Christer Björkman, Pekka Niemelä.

      Insects, being poikilothermic, are among the organisms that are most likely to respond to changes in climate, particularly increased temperatures. Range expansions into new areas, further north and to higher elevations, are already well documented, as are physiological and phenological responses. It is anticipated that the damage by insects will increase as a consequence of climate change, i.e. increasing temperatures primarily. However, the evidence in support of this common “belief” is sparse. Climate Change and Insect Pests sums up present knowledge regarding both agricultural and forest insect pests and climate change in order to identify future research directions.

    • Management of land & natural resources
      September 2015

      Land-Use Change Impacts on Soil Processes

      Tropical and Savannah Ecosystems

      by Raghavan Dinesh, Arkalgud Ganeshamurthy, Subrata Ghoshal Chaudhuri, Heather D’Angelo, Krista L. McGuire, Caitlyn Gillikin, Dina C. Merrer. Edited by Francis Q Brearley, Andrew D Thomas

      This book examines the effects that land-use changes (notably agricultural intensification, logging, soil erosion, urbanisation and mining) have on soil characteristics and processes in tropical and savannah environments. It covers a range of geographical regions and environments as impacts of land use change are often site specific. The effects of land use change on various aspects of the soil ecosystem from both a chemical and biological perspective will be examined.

    • Global warming
      September 2014

      Climate Change and Global Health

      by Edited by Colin Butler

      There is increasing understanding, globally, that climate change will have profound and mostly harmful effects on human health. This authoritative book brings together international experts to describe both direct (such as heat waves) and indirect (such as vector-borne disease incidence) impacts of climate change, set in a broad, international, economic, political and environmental context. This unique book also expands on these issues to address a third category of potential longer-term impacts on global health: famine, population dislocation, and conflict. This lively yet scholarly resource explores these issues fully, linking them to health in urban and rural settings in developed and developing countries. The book finishes with a practical discussion of action that health professionals can yet take. Read a chapter for free.

    • Deforestation
      September 2014

      Global Forest Fragmentation

      by Alexandra-Maria Klein, Aline Finger, Andrew D. Barnes, Bruce L. Webber, Campbell O. Webb, Christopher Barr, Claude Garcia, Edgar C. Turner, Jan C. Habel, Joern Fischer, Jürgen Bauhus, Katharine J.M. Dickinson, Keith Barney, Kelvin S.H Peh, Kinari Webb, Laurène Feintrenie, Jahi Chappell, Panut Hadisiswoyo, Raphael K. Didham, Rhett D. Harrison, Richard T. Corlett, Richard B. Primack, Sarah A. Laird, Sarah H. Luke, Shonil Bhagwat, Stacy M. Philpott, Timm F. Döbert, Ute Radespiel. Edited by Chris J Kettle, Lian Pin Koh.

      Forest fragmentation will inevitably continue over the coming years, especially in developing economies. This book provides a cutting edge review of the multi-disciplinary sciences related to studies of global forest fragmentation. It specifically addresses cross-cutting themes from both an ecological and a social sciences perspective. The ultimate goal of Global Forest Fragmentation is to provide a detailed scientific base to support future forest landscape management and planning to meet global environmental and societal needs.

    • Biodiversity
      September 2014

      Global Forest Fragmentation

      by Edited by Chris J Kettle, Lian Pin Koh.

      Forest fragmentation will inevitably continue over the coming years, especially in developing economies. This book provides a cutting edge review of the multi-disciplinary sciences related to studies of global forest fragmentation. It specifically addresses cross-cutting themes from both an ecological and a social sciences perspective. The ultimate goal of Global Forest Fragmentation is to provide a detailed scientific base to support future forest landscape management and planning to meet global environmental and societal needs.

    • Management of land & natural resources
      August 2014

      Invasive Species and Global Climate Change

      by John P Thompson, Karen Garrett, Andrew Guitierrez, Dana Blumenthal, Elsa Cleland, Kevin Hughes, Jacques Regniere, Cascade Sorte, Makra Laszlo, Arne Witt, Tom Stohlgren, Jil Swearingen, Hilda Diaz-Soltero, Bethany Bradley, Toni DiTommaso, Randy Westbrooks, Li Bo, Matthew Barnes. Edited by Lewis Ziska, Jeffery Dukes.

      This book examines what will happen to global invasive species, including plants, animals and pathogens with current and expected man-made climate change. The effects on distribution, success, spread and impact of invasive species are considered for a series of case studies from a number of countries. This book will be of great value to researchers, policymakers and industry in responding to changing management needs.

    • Global warming
      June 2014

      Climate Change Impact and Adaptation in Agricultural Systems

      by Edited by Jurg Fuhrer, P J Gregory.

      The focus of this book is future global climate change and its implications for agricultural systems which are the main sources of agricultural goods and services provided to society. These systems are either based on crop or livestock production, or on combinations of the two, with characteristics that differ between regions and between levels of management intensity. In turn, they also differ in their sensitivity to projected future changes in climate, and improvements to increase climate-resilience need to be tailored to the specific needs of each system. The book will bring together a series of chapters that provide scientific insights to possible implications of projected climate changes for different important types of crop and livestock systems, and a discussion of options for adaptive and mitigative management.

    • Management of land & natural resources
      August 2013

      Managing Water and Agroecosystems for Food Security

      by Edited by Eline Boelee

      Water protection, food production and ecosystem health are worldwide issues. Changes in the global water cycle are affecting human wellbeing in many places, while widespread land and ecosystem degradation, driven by poor agricultural practices, is seriously limiting food production. Understanding the links between ecosystems, water, and food production is important to the health of all three, and sustainably managing these connections is becoming increasingly necessary. This book shows how sustainable ecosystems, especially agroecosystems, are essential for water management and food production.

    • Applied ecology
      March 2012

      Life at Extremes

      Environments, Organisms and Strategies for Survival

      by Terry Callaghan, David Barnes, Peter Convey, Mauro Guglielmin, Birgit Sattler, Alexandre Anesio, Ian Hogg, Richard Lutz, Hazel Barton, Verena Heuer, Elly Spijkerman, Terrence McGenity, Florence Pradillon, Kevin Newsham, Roland Psenner, Adrian Glover, Shimon Rachmilevitch. Edited by Elanor M Bell.

      From icy poles to arid deserts, boiling pools to the depths of the sea, this exciting new work studies the remarkable life forms that have made these inhospitable environments their home. The ecological, biological and biogeochemical challenges that higher-level plants and animals, microorganisms and viruses face are detailed, and the unifying themes found between environments discussed. A fascinating and comprehensive resource for researchers and students, this book is packed with colour figures and photos showcasing the most extreme environments and the organisms that have adapted to live in them.

    • Applied ecology
      October 2011

      Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services

      by Tony Parsons, Dennis Poppi, Sophie Prache, Andrew W Illius, John McIvor, David Kemp, Sebastien Fontaine, Roland Bol, Stewart F Ledgard, Nina Buchman, Andreas Luescher, Richard McDowell, Luc Abbadie, Phil Grime, Bertrand Dumont, Eric Garnier, Mike Humphreys, Xavier Leroux, Thibaud Decaens, Jean-Louis Peyraud, Greg Lambert, Craig Morris, Herman van Keulen, Alan Franzluebers, Anibal de Moraes Robert Ferrier, Gerard Balent. Edited by Gilles Lemaire, John Hodgson, Abad Chabbi.

      Grassland ecosystems are deeply affected by human activities and need appropriate management to optimise trade-offs between ecosystem functions and services. Until now they have mainly been analysed as agro-ecosystems for animal production but this book looks beyond the role of grassland as a feeding ground, and evaluates other important processes such as carbon sequestration in soils, greenhouse gas regulation and biodiversity protection. This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the future.

    • Global warming
      July 2011

      Climate Change Biology

      by Jonathan A Newman, Madhur Anand, Hugh A.L. Henry, Shelley L Hunt, Ze'ev Gedalof

      Climate change has moved from being a contested phenomenon to the top of the agenda at global summits. Climate Change Biology is the first major textbook to address the critical issue of how climate change may affect life on the planet, and particularly its impact on human populations. Presented in four parts, the first deals extensively with the physical evidence of climate change and various modelling efforts to predict its future. Biological responses are addressed in the second part, from the individual's physiology to populations and ecosystems, and further to considering adaptation and evolution. The third part examines the specific impact climate change may have on natural resources, agriculture and forestry. The final part considers research on the cutting edge of impact prediction and the practical and philosophical limitations on our abilities to predict these impacts. This text will be a useful asset to the growing number of both undergraduate and graduate courses on impacts of climate change, as well as providing a succinct overview for researchers new to the field.

    • Sustainability
      March 2011

      Organic Farming

      An International History

      by Jessica Aschemann, Thomas Cierpka, Gunter Vogt, Michael Sligh, Deborah H Stinner, Urs Niggli, Susanne Padel, Otto Schmid, Bernard Geier, Philip Conford, Inger Källander, Dina Foguelman, Els Wynen, Katherine DiMatteo. Edited by William Lockeretz.

      Beginning as a small protest to the industrialization of agriculture in the 1920s, organic farming has become a significant force in agricultural policy, marketing, and research. No longer dismissed as unscientific and counterproductive, organic techniques are now taken seriously by farmers, consumers, scientists, food processors, marketers, and regulatory agencies in much of the world. Organic farming is both dynamic and forward-looking but is also rooted in tradition. It is these traditions that can provide valuable starting points in debates over how organic farming should meet new challenges such as globalization, the emergence of new production techniques, and growing concern over equity and social justice in agriculture. Complementing general discussions with case histories of important organic institutions in various countries, this comprehensive discussion is the first to explore the development of organic agriculture.

    • Conservation of the environment
      December 2010

      Disappearing Destinations

      Climate Change and Future Challenges for Coastal Tourism

      by Edited by Andrew L Jones, Michael Phillips.

      Providing a thorough examination of the threats posed to destinations by tourism, this comprehensive text discusses how popular and fragile destinations such as the Great Barrier Reef could become severely damaged and forced to close to tourists if current tourism trends continue. The consequences of tourism growth, predicted changes, and management and policy responses are reviewed. The book will explore tourism in the context of climate change and vulnerable environments, exploring the situation at local level and in a wider perspective using international case studies throughout and providing future recommendations. It will be an essential text for researchers, policymakers and students in tourism, ecotourism, environmental conservation, planning, coastal management and engineering, climate change and marine conservation.

    • Applied ecology
      December 2009

      Soil Ecology and Management

      by Joann K Whalen, Luis Sampedro

      Soil ecology is the study of interactions between the physio-chemical components of the soil and organisms living within the soil. Humans are highly dependent upon the soil ecosystem, which provides food, fiber, fuel and ecological services, such as the recycling of atmospheric gases. It is therefore important to understand the function and nature of the soil ecosystem in order to predict and mitigate the long term consequences of present day actions. Soil Ecology and Management describes the organisms inhabiting the soil, their functions and interactions and the dimensions of human impact on the activity of soil organisms and soil ecological function. Chapters discuss basic soil characteristics and biogeochemical cycling, key soil flora and fauna, community-level dynamics (soil food webs) and the ecological and pedological functions of soil organisms. Unlike other soil biology and ecology textbooks, the authors also convey a better understanding of how human activities impact upon soil ecology in a section on ecosystem management and its effects on soil biota and provide a unique perspective on the utility of soil organisms.

    • The environment
      July 2008

      Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Vol 4

      Challenges and Opportunities with Bt Cotton in Vietnam

      by Edited by David A. Andow, Angelika Hilbeck, Van Tuat Nguyen.

      Within Vietnam, the environmental risks of transgenic plants, managing transgenic products safely, and building modern labs to assess their safety has received increased investment and research. This book is the first scientific effort to synthesize information relevant to GM crops in Vietnam, taking Bt cotton as an example. It can be used as a technical manual to enable Vietnamese scientists to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of Bt cotton varieties prior to commercialization, and provides guidance for environmental risk assessment of any transgenic crop.

    • Biodiversity
      December 2007

      Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use

      by Edited by Nigel Maxted, Brian V Ford-Lloyd, Shelagh P Kell, José M Iriondo, Mohammad E Dulloo, Jozef Turok

      Crop wild relatives (CWR) are species closely related to crop plants which can contribute beneficial traits, such as pest or disease resistance and yield improvement. These species are critical for improving agricultural production and increasing food security. They are also essential components of natural and semi-natural habitats as well as agricultural systems, and are therefore vital in maintaining ecosystem health. However, CWR, like any other group of wild species, are subject to an increasing range of threats: habitat loss, degradation and mismanagement, over-collection and climate change. Through an examination of the national, regional and global context of CWR, these authoritative studies present methodologies and case studies that review and provide recommendations for global conservation and use. Topics range from the establishment of conservation priorities and strategies, threat assessment and genetic erosion and pollution.

    • Biodiversity
      November 2007

      International Research on Natural Resource Management

      Advances in Impact Assessment

      by Edited by Hermann Waibel, David Zilberman

      Over the past two decades, significant investment has been made into agriculture-related natural resource management research in developing countries. With investors beginning to request the impact of their investments in this research, a review was needed on the economic, social and environmental effects of these projects. Stemming from an effort to address these concerns, this collection of case studies establishes a methodological foundation for impact assessments of NRMR through a discussion of research conducted by the CGIAR around the world. Both micro and macro projects are examined to consider the results of these agricultural and development programs at the farm level as well as on a regional scale.

    • Applied ecology
      April 2007

      Wildlife Damage Control

      Principles for the Management of Damage by Vertebrate Pests

      by Jim Hone

      Wildlife can cause problems worldwide - in conservation, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, as well as to human and animal health and safety in rural and urban areas. For this reason, wildlife in affected areas can be defined as pests, and forms of control sought to limit and prevent damage. In looking at solutions by identifying and using common principles in the assessment and control of pest damage this book focuses on controlling damage, rather than the animal itself. The book demonstrates ecological theories and shows how they are relevant to biodiversity conservation and other topics, and how they can be evaluated in studies of wildlife damage control.

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