• Science & Mathematics
      August 2018

      Tomatoes

      by E Heuvelink

      This new edition of a successful, practical book provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of all aspects of the production of the tomato crop, within the context of the global tomato industry. Tomatoes are one of the most important horticultural crops in both temperate and tropical regions and this book explores our current knowledge of the scientific principles underlying their biology and production.Tomatoes 2nd Edition covers genetics and breeding, developmental processes, crop growth and yield, fruit ripening and quality, irrigation and fertilisation, crop protection, production in the open field, greenhouse production, and postharvest biology and handling. It has been updated to:- reflect advances in the field, such as developments in molecular plant breeding, crop and product physiology, and production systems.- include a new chapter on organic tomato production.- present photos in full colour throughout.Authored by an international team of experts, this book is essential for growers, extension workers, industry personnel, and horticulture students and lecturers.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2018

      Practical Feline Behaviour

      Understanding Cat Behaviour and Improving Welfare

      by Trudi Atkinson

      Practical Feline Behaviour contains all the relevant information that a veterinary nurse or technician needs to understand and handle the behaviour and welfare of house cats, and to offer safe and practical advice to clients. There have been ground-breaking advances in our understanding of feline behaviour in recent years and, to protect the welfare of cats, it is increasingly important that anyone involved with their care, especially those in a professional capacity, keep up to date with these developments. This approachable and down-to-earth text describes the internal and external influences on feline behaviour; on communication, learning, social behaviour, the relationship between behaviour and disease, and the cat - human relationship. It also provides practical advice on how the welfare of cats in our care may be protected and how behaviour problems should be addressed and how to avoid them. In this book Trudi Atkinson draws on her extensive experience as a veterinary nurse and a Certified Clinical Animal Behaviourist to provide a rapid reference and an intensely practical feline behaviour resource for owners, breeders, veterinary professionals, shelter and cattery workers and anyone involved in the care of our feline companions. - Practical, down to earth guide detailing all aspects of feline behaviour - Rapid reference for instant access to information - Written by a well-known animal behaviourist who has extensive experience in treating feline behaviour problems and in advising clients to protect the welfare of their cats - Includes a foreword by John Bradshaw, School of Veterinary Science at University of Bristol, UK

    • Science & Mathematics
      April 2018

      Cyst Nematodes

      by Roland N Perry, Maurice Moens, John T Jones, Matthew A. Back, James G. Baldwin, George W. Bird, Vivian C. Blok, David J. Chitwood, Laura Cortada, Matthias Daub, Keith G. Davies, Walter S. de Jong, Loes J.M.F. den Nijs, Sebastian Eves-van den Akker, Godelieve Gheysen, Aska Goverse, Ivan G. Grove, Johannes Hallmann, Zafar A. Handoo, John T. Jones, Catherine J. Lilley, Horacio D. Lopez-Nicora, Edward P. Masler, Melissa G. Mitchum, Maurice Moens, Sharad Mohan, Terry L. Niblack, Roland N. Perry, Jon Pickup, Adrian M.I. Roberts, Andrea M. Skantar, Geert Smant, Richard W. Smiley, Sergei A Subbotin, Victoria Taylor, Gregory L. Tylka, Lieven Waeyenberge, Inga A. Zasada

      This book is a compendium of current information on all aspects of these economically important parasites. It provides comprehensive coverage of their biology, management, morphology and diagnostics, in addition to up-to-date information on molecular aspects of taxonomy, host-parasitic relationships and resistance. Written by a team of international experts, Cyst Nematodes will be invaluable to all researchers, lecturers and students in nematology, parasitology, agriculture and agronomy, industries with an interest in chemical and biological control products for management of plant-parasitic nematodes, and any courses, quarantine and advisory services.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2018

      Grapes

      by G Creasy, L Creasy

      Fully revised with new content and full-colour figures throughout, the second edition of this successful book contains expanded content for all sections, particularly those covering the impact of climate change, seasonal management, mechanisation and organic management options. There is a new vine balance section, as well as significant updates to rootstocks and grafting. It includes information on wine grapes in addition to grapes for fresh consumption and raisin production.Covering a broad range of topics from grapevine growth and fruit development, to vineyard establishment, mechanisation and postharvest processing, this book provides historical and current information about the grape industry and sets out the theory and science behind production practices. It is an invaluable resource for grape producers, horticulture and plant science students, as well as enthusiasts of the vine and its products.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2018

      Blueberries

      by J Retamales, J Hancock

      Blueberry cultivation has increased dramatically as production has shifted into new regions. Blueberries are now widely available as food and also processed to be used in medicine and pharmaceuticals for their antioxidant properties. This new and updated edition covers the major topics of interest to blueberry breeders and researchers including botany, physiology, nutrition, growth regulation, photosynthesis, environment, weeds, pests, diseases and postharvest management. The main focus is on the most important cultivated species, the highbush blueberry, although information on other blueberries and related species is also provided. It is an essential resource for soft fruit researchers, extension workers, academics, breeders, growers, and students.

    • Science & Mathematics
      December 2018

      Halophytes and Climate Change

      Adaptive Mechanisms and Potential Uses

      by Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Sergey Shabala, Masayuki Fujita

      This book contains current knowledge and the most recent developments in the field of halophyte biology, ecology, and potential uses. Halophytes are characterised as plants that can survive and complete their life cycle in highly saline environments. This book explores the adaptive mechanisms and special features of halophytes that allow them to grow in environments that are unsuitable for conventional crops and considers their role as a source of food, fuel, fodder, fibre, essential oils, and medicines. Halophytes and Climate Change includes coverage of: - Special morphological, anatomical, and physiological features of halophytes - Ion accumulation patterns and homeostasis in halophytes - Potential use of halophytes in the remediation of saline soil - Growth and physiological response and tolerance to toxicity and drought - Mangrove ecology, physiology, and adaptation Written by a team of international authors and presented in full colour, this book is an essential resource for researchers in the fields of plant physiology, ecology, soil science, environmental science, botany, and agriculture.

    • Science & Mathematics
      October 2018

      Culicipedia

      Species-group, genus-group and family-group names in Culicidae (Diptera)

      by Ralph E. Harbach

      Mosquitoes are undeniably one of the most studied groups of insects due to their great impact on human health as the agents that transmit the pathogens which cause malaria, filariasis and numerous viral diseases, such as yellow fever and dengue fever. The study of mosquitoes has given rise to a plethora of names for subspecies, species, subgenera, genera and family-level groups, many of which are duplicate names for the same entity. This unique volume is a comprehensive compilation of all scientific names introduced at all levels of classification within the family since the official start of zoological nomenclature. The work is largely a lexicon that is historical and informative as well as nomenclatural and bibliographic. Unlike catalogues, it contains sections devoted separately to the groups of names regulated by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the species, genus and family groups, as well as sections concerned with names derived from personal and geographical names and other sources. In addition to insights into the history of mosquito classification, attention given to the formation, latinization and derivation of names makes the work a crucial contribution to mosquito science. Culicipedia is an important comprehensive reference source for students, entomologists, professional taxonomists and other scientists interested in culicid nomenclature, classification and the etymology of scientific names.

    • Biology, life sciences
      July 2016

      Leafy Medicinal Herbs: Botany, Chemistry, Postharvest Technology and Uses

      by Edited by Dawn C P Ambrose, Annamalai Manickavasagan, Ravindra Naik

      This book is a compilation of globally relevant 23 leafy medicinal plants, discussed as individual chapters. The first section deals with a general overview and importance of leafy medicinal plants. The second covers 23 leafy medicinal plants as individual chapters. Each crop is discussed under the sub headings, Botany, Chemistry, Post-harvest Technology and Uses. Under Botany, an introduction on the crop, its history/origin, geographical distribution and morphology is covered. The subsection on Chemistry focuses on the chemical composition and phytochemical aspects of each crop. Postharvest technology would concentrate on processing and value addition and under Uses, general and pharmacological uses of the crop would be covered.

    • Science & Mathematics
      June 2017

      Cherries

      Botany, Production and Uses

      by José Quero Garcia, Amy Lezzoni, Joanna Pulawska, Gregory A Lang

      Sweet and sour cherries (Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus) are important fruit crops for which demand is high and growing. A significant number of new varieties, rootstocks and training systems have been released or developed in recent years in order to improve the efficiency and profitability of cherry orchards. Cherries: Botany, Production and Uses covers the genetics, ecophysiology, production, protection and uses of cherries. Presenting up-to-date scientific data and applied information, this book is invaluable for researchers, teachers and all professionals working in the cherries value chain.

    • Science & Mathematics
      April 2017

      Biocontrol Agents

      Entomopathogenic and Slug Parasitic Nematodes

      by Mahfouz M M Abd-Elgawad, Tarique Hassan Askary, James Coupland, Sergei E Spiridonov, J Gulsar Banu, I Cannayane, K Sankari Meena, S.S. Hussaini, Francesca De Luca, M.M.E. Saleh, Atef Sayed Abdel-Razek, Salma Javed, Christos I Rumbos, Christos G Athanassiou, Nazir Javed, Muhammad Kamran, Huma Abbas, Glen Stevens, Ed Lewis, Qing Yu, Fengcheng Sun, Achinelly María Fernanda, Camino Nora, Eliceche Daiana, Salas Augusto, Rusconi Matías, Luis Garrigós Leite, Vanessa Andaló, Claudia Dolinski, Alcides Moino Junior, Elder Simões, Edson Tadeu Iede, C Sankaranarayanan, Shahina Fayyaz, Firoza Kazi, Tabassum Ara Khanum, J L Hatting, A P Malan, Eustachio Tarasco, Adriano Ragni, Giovanna Curto, Jolanta Kowalska, Congli Wang, Chunjie Li, Tiffany Baiocchi, Adler R Dillman, S Subramanian, M Muthulakshmi, Jirí Nermut, Vladimír Puža, David M Glen, Irma Tandingan De Ley, Rory J Mc Donnell, Timothy D Paine, Žiga Laznik, Stanislav Trdan, M Nagesh, Balachander Manohar, Shailesha Arakalagud Nanjundaiah, Raghura

      This book describes entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes as potential biocontrol agents in crop insect and slug pest management. Addressing research on these two nematodes from tropical, subtropical and temperate countries, it covers the new techniques and major developments regarding mass production, formulation, application, commercialization and safety measures. Plans for future strategies to make these beneficial nematodes cost-effective and expand their use by including them in integrated pest management programmes in different agro-ecosystems are also discussed. Biocontrol Agents: Entomopathogenic and Slug Parasitic Nematodes provides a comprehensive review of the topic and is an essential resource for researchers, industry practitioners and advanced students in the fields of biological control and integrated pest management. ; This book gives a comprehensive account of entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes as potential biocontrol agents in crop insect and slug pest management in tropical, subtropical and temerpate countries. It covers new techniques and plans for future strategies to make these nematodes cost-effective. ; PART I: BENEFICIAL NEMATODES AND CROP PROTECTION1: Beneficial Nematodes in Agroecosystem: A global perspective2: Beneficial Nematodes and the Changing Scope of Crop ProtectionPART II: ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - MORPHOLOGY, TAXONOMY, BIOLOGY AND DIVERSITY3: Entomopathogenic Nematodes of the families Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae: Morphology and Taxonomy4: Entomopathogenic Nematodes: General Biology and Behaviour5: Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Ecology, Diversity and Geographical Distribution6: Molecular Systematics and Phylogenetic reconstruction of Steinernema and HeterorhabditisPART III: ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND THEIR SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA AGAINST CROP INSECT PESTS7: Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against Lepidoptran Insect Pests8: Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against Coleopteran Pests9: Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against Dipteran Pests10: Control of Stored Grain Pests by Entomopathogenic Nematodes11: Toxic Secretions of Xenorhabdus and its Efficacy against Crop Insect Pests12: Toxic Secretions of Photorhabdus and its Efficacy against Crop Insect Pests13: Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Mass Production, Formulation and ApplicationPart IV: ROLE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT14: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in the USA15: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Canada16: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Argentina17: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Brazil18: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in India19: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Pakistan20: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in South Africa21: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Italy22: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in Poland23: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in China24: Status of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management Strategies in EgyptPart V: GENETICS FOR ENHANCING EFFICACY IN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES25: Genetic Improvement of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Enhanced Biological Control26: Breeding of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for enhanced Insect Pest suppressionPart VI: SLUG PARASITIC NEMATODES27: Slug Parasitic Nematodes: Biology, Parasitism, Production and Application28: The Discovery and Commercialization of a Slug Parasitic Nematode29: Phasmarhabditis: The Slug and Snail Parasitic Nematodes in North AmericaPart VII: COMMERCIALIZATION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS30: Compatibility between Entomopathogenic Nematodes and Phytopharmaceuticals31: Strategies for making Entomopathogenic Nematodes a Cost-Effective Biocontrol Agent32: Future thrusts in expanding the use of entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes in agriculture

    • Science & Mathematics
      March 2017

      Integrated Management of Insect Pests on Canola and Other Brassica Oilseed Crops

      by Gadi V P Reddy, Harit K Bal, Ronald E Batallas, Tulsi Bhardwaj, James D Blande, Dhana Raj Boina, G David Buntin, Randall Brandt, Hector Cárcamo, Surendra Dara, Tim J Dumonceaux, Robert H Elliott, Maya Evenden, Yaghoub Fathipour, Kevin D Floate, John Gavloski, Kristopher L Giles, Larry Grenkow, Parwinder S Grewal, Rebecca H Hallett, Matthew P. Hill, Vincent A Hervet, Sari J. Himanen, Heikki M.T. Hokkanen, Jarmo K Holopainen, Prashant Jha, Peter Mason, Janet J Knodel, Tao Li, Sarina Macfadyen, Ingeborg Menzler-Hokkanen, Mohammad Ali Mirhosseini, Christine Noronha, Chrystel Olivier, Francisco Rubén Badenes-Pérez, S. Jesu Rajan, Tom A Royer, Muhammad Sarwar, Barbara J Sharanowski, Govinda Shrestha, Juliana Soroka, Rajagopalbabu Srinivasan, Raj Kumar Thakur, Sally Vail, Leyun Wang, R W M. Udari M Wanigasekara, Chaminda De Silva Weeraddana, Tyler J Wist, Zi-Hua Zhao

      This book comprehensively reviews current pest management practices and explores novel integrated pest management strategies in Brassica oilseed crops. It is essential reading for pest management practitioners and researchers working on pest management in canola and other Brassica crops worldwide. Canola, mustard, camelina and crambe are the most important oilseed crops in the world. Canola is the second largest oilseed crop in the world providing 13% of the world's supply. Seeds of these species commonly contain 40% or more oil and produce meals with 35 to 40% protein. However, its production has declined significantly in recent years due to insect pest problems. The canola pest complexes are responsible for high insecticide applications on canola. Many growers rely on calendar-based spraying schedules for insecticide applications. The diamondback moth Plutella xylostella and flea beetles Phyllotreta spp. (P. cruciferae and P. striolata)cause serious damage to canola. In the Northern Great Plains, USA, for instance, P. xylostella is now recorded everywhere that canola is grown. Severe damage to canola plants can be caused by overwintering populations of flea beetles feeding on newly emerged seedlings. Cabbage seed pod weevil (Ceutorhynchus obstrictus), swede midge (Contarinia nasturtii), and tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris) are also severe pests on canola. Minor pests include aphids (cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae and turnip aphid, Hyadaphis erysimi) and grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes. This book: · is the only single compiled source of information on integrated management of canola and other Brassica oilseed pests · presents the biology and management of all the major and minor pests of Brassica oilseed crops · is an essential source of information for applied entomologists, crop protection researchers, extension agents and stakeholders ; This book reviews current pest management practices and explores new biological and chemical control methods, and integrated pest management strategies in this important crop. It is essential reading for pest management practitioners and researchers working on pest management in canola crops worldwide. ; 1: Flea Beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) and Their Management2: Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella) Management3: The Challenge of Swede Midge Management in Canola4: Biology and Management of Sucking Insect Pests of Canola5: Cabbage Seedpod Weevil Management6: Biology, Ecology and Management of Pollen Beetle Brassicogethes viridescens (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae)7: Noctuid (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Pests of Canola in North America8: Biology and Management of the Generalist Herbivore, the Bertha Armyworm, Mamestra Configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on Canola in Western Canada9: Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Management of Insect Pests of Canola and Other Oilseed Crops10: The OKANOLA Project: Challenges in Managing Insect Pests of Canola in the Southern Plains11: Integrated Pest Management in Canola: How Far Have We Come and What Is Still Needed12: Canola Insect Pest Management in the South-eastern USA13: Integrated Management of Insect Pests of Rapeseed (Canola) in China14: Integrated Control of Insect Pests of Canola and Other Brassica Oilseed Crops in Pakistan15: Cover Crops as a Tool for Insect Pest Management on Oilseed Brassicas16: Detection and Symptomatology of Aster Yellows17: Pestiferous Insects of Mustard: Biology and Integrated Management18: Volatile Organic Compounds in Integrated Pest Management of Brassica Oilseed Crops19: Impact of Genetically Modified Herbicide-resistant Oilseed Rape on Non-target Organisms: Natural Enemies of Oilseed Rape Pests20: Insect-transmitted Viruses in Canola21: Present and Potential Impacts of Insects on Camelina and Crambe22: Integrated Pest Management and Pollination Services in Brassica Oilseed Crops23: Role of Glucosinolates in Resistance and Attraction to Insects: Applications in Trap Cropping and Pest Management in Brassica Oilseed Crops24: Arthropod Pests of Australian Canola During Crop Emergence: IPM and Future Directions25: Use of Entomopathogenic Fungi in the Insect Pest Management of Brassica Oilseed Crops

    • Science & Mathematics
      March 2017

      Microbial Food Safety

      A Food Systems Approach

      by Charlene Wolf-Hall, William Nganje

      This interdisciplinary textbook provides the reader with vital information and comprehensive coverage of foodborne microbial pathogens of potential risk to human consumers. It includes human pathogens and toxins originating from plants, fungi and animal products and considers their origin, risk, prevention and control. From the perspectives of microorganisms and humans, the authors incorporate concepts from the social and economic sciences as well as microbiology, providing synergies to learn about complex food systems as a whole, and each stage that can present an opportunity to reduce risk of microbial contamination. Microbial Food Safety: A Food Systems Approach explains concepts through a food supply network model to show the interactions between how humans move food through the global food system and the impacts on microorganisms and risk levels of microbial food safety. Presented in full colour throughout, this book: - Is clearly organised into easy digestible and accessible contents - Includes key questions, summaries, further reading and a glossary to aid and focus reading - Contains information boxes and numerous examples to help you review and apply the concepts covered Written by authors renowned in the field and with extensive teaching experience, this book is essential reading for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students of food microbiology, food safety and food science, in addition to professionals working in these areas. ; This textbook describes microbial contaminants from plants, fungi and animal products that are a potential risk to human consumers, reviewing their origin, risk, prevention and control. It uses models to explain concepts and shows the interactions between humans moving food through global systems and the impacts this has on microbial food safety. ; Section 1: Food Matrix Basics: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors that Affect Microorganisms in Food1: Food2: Ecological Concepts of Foods and Definition of Pre- and Post-Harvest3: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors and Potentially Hazardous Foods4: Humans and Microbes – Risk AnalysisSection 2: Foodborne Pathogens5: Foodborne Infections, Intoxications and Etiology6: Gram Positive Bacteria7: Gram Negative Bacteria8: Eukaryotic Microorganisms of Concern in Food - Parasites and Molds9: Viruses and PrionsSection 3: How Social, Regulatory, and Economic Factors can Affect Risk Levels for Pathogenic Microorganisms in Food10: Control Measures: The Case of PR/HACCP11: Cost of Microbial Foodborne Outbreaks12: Cost of Microbial Foodborne Outbreaks to Society13: Cost and Benefits of Control Measures: Food Traceability14: Impacts on Global Trade and Regulations

    • Science & Mathematics
      December 2016

      Conservation Agriculture for Africa

      Building Resilient Farming Systems in a Changing Climate

      by Amir H Kassam, Amir H Kassam, Saidi Mkomwa, Saidi Mkomwa, Theodor Friedrich, J N Blignaut, H Boulal, Roland Bunch, Trent W Bunderson, Dennis Garrity, Oussama El Gharras, Mohammed El Mourid, Mphatso Gama, Zwide D Jere, Josef Kienzle, Jaap Knot, Erna Kruger, Peter Kuria, Baqir Lalani, Simon Lugandu, Brand Mbale, Charles Midega, Michael Misiko, Zeyaur Khan, Obedi Mkandawire, Alice Murage, Richard M. Museka, Weldone Mutai, Blessings M. Mwale, Spencer W.D. Ng’oma, John M. Paul, John A. Pickett, Jimmy Pittchar, Brian G. Sims, Hendrik J. Smith, Phillip Tembo, Christian Thierfelder, Patrick C. Wall, Reynolds K. Shula, Peter Dorward, Jose Dambiro

      Tillage agriculture has led to widespread soil and ecosystem degradation globally. This is especially so in Africa where traditional and modern tillage-based agricultural practices have become unsustainable due to severe disturbance and exploitation of natural resources, with negative impacts on the environment and rural livelihoods. In addition, agriculture in Africa today faces major challenges including increased costs of production and energy, the effects of climate change, and the lack of an effective paradigm for sustainable intensification, especially for small- and medium-size holdings. Africa is facing a serious challenge to food security and as a continent has not advanced towards eradicating hunger. In addition, the population is still growing much faster than on most other continents. This pressure has led to the emergence of no-till conservation agriculture as a serious alternative sustainable agriculture paradigm. In Africa, in recent years, conservation agriculture techniques and methods have spread to many countries, as greater development, education and research effort are directed towards its extension and uptake. This book is aimed at agricultural researchers and scientists, educationalists, and agricultural service providers, institutional leaders and policy makers working in the fields of sustainable agriculture and international development, and also at agroecologists, conservation scientists, and those working on ecosystem services. This book: · Focuses on research and development initiatives in Africa aimed at building resilient farming systems based on conservation agriculture principles and practices. · Summarises the status of conservation agriculture in Africa today and prospects for its future development in Africa as a basis for sustainable agriculture intensification. · Describes case studies showing the performance of conservation agriculture in Africa. ; Tillage agriculture has led to widespread soil and ecosystem degradation. This book reviews research and development initiatives in Africa aimed at building resilient farming systems. It summarises the status of conservation agriculture today, discusses prospects for future development and provides case studies showing its performance in Africa. ; 1: Conservation Agriculture in Africa: An Overview2: Weather-Proofing Agriculture with Conservation Agriculture3: Conservation Agriculture: Growing more with less – the future of sustainable intensification4: Empowering Smallholder Farmers with Profitable and Sustainable Farming using Conservation Agriculture – the Case of East Africa5: Implementing the Principles of Conservation Agriculture in Malawi: Crop Yields and Factors Affecting Adoption6: Innovation Systems and farmer perceptions regarding Conservation Agriculture in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique7: Conservation Agriculture in North Africa: Experiences, Achievements and Challenges8: How Can We Cover Millions of Hectares with Conservation Agriculture in Africa?9: Climate-Smart push-pull - A conservation agriculture technology for food security and environmental sustainability in Africa10: How to Make Conservation Agriculture Ever Green11: Mechanization of smallholder Conservation Agriculture in Africa: contributing resilience to precarious systems12: Conservation Agriculture in South Africa: Lessons from Case Studies13: Extending Conservation Agriculture benefits through Innovation Platforms14: Summing Up

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2016

      Climate Change Impacts on Urban Pests

      by Partho Dhang

      This book is the first resource to review the influence of climate change on urban and public pests such as mosquitoes, flies, ticks, and wood pests, with respect to population, distribution, disease, damage and control. It systematically addresses how the impact of climate change on pests in urban areas differs from natural areas, focusing on the increased temperatures of urban locations, the effect of natural disasters, the manner of land use and the consequences of human habitation. Climate Change Impacts on Urban Pests: - covers key information on how climate change and urban pests affect human health - includes coverage of the impacts of natural disasters such as flooding looks at issues which could influence the management of pests - explores a range of international opinion from recognised authorities covering six continents. Presenting up-to-date knowledge, this book is an essential resource for researchers in urban pests, entomology and public health, as well as scientists, environmentalists and policy makers involved in studies on climate change. ; This book reviews the influence of climate change on urban and public pests such as mosquitoes, flies, termites, rodents and others, with respect to population, distribution, disease, damage and control. ; Chapter 1: Climate Change Effects on Urban Pest Insects Chapter 2: Climate Change and Urban Pest Management Chapter 3: Climate Change and the New Dynamics of Urban Pest Management in North America Chapter 4: Natural disasters, Extreme Events, And Vector-Borne Diseases: Impact on Urban System Chapter 5: Survival of Formosan Subterranean Termite Colonies during Periods of Flooding Chapter 6: Termites and a Changing Climate Chapter 7: Fly Populations and Problems in a Changing Climate Chapter 8: Impact of Climate Change on Medically Important Ticks in Europe and Their Control Chapter 9: Climate Change and its Effect on Urban Mosquitoes in South America Chapter 10: Urbanization, Climate Change and Malaria Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 11: Climate Change and Vector Borne Diseases in Urban Ecosystem in India Chapter 12: Climate Change and Urban Human Health Chapter 13: Innovative Formulations Useful for Area Wide Application Suitable for Climate Change

    • Science & Mathematics
      September 2016

      Biotechnology of Major Cereals

      by Huw D Jones

      Biotechnology of Major Cereals will focus on the recent advances and future prospects in cereal biotechnology. The first part of the book will cover the world’s major cereals and focus on new developments and trends. The second part will be technology rather than species-led, detailing fundamental developments in technologies and significant target traits. ; In this book experts explain and discuss the latest biotechnological advances in cereal crop science, including the latest results of gene editing techniques ; 1: Biotechnology of Major Cereals 2: Genetic Transformation of Maize: Conventional Methods and Precision Genome Modification 3: Biotech Maize: Industry Development & Impact 4: Sorghum Genetic Transformation: Current Status and Future Target Traits 5: Barley as a Cereal Model for Biotechnology Applications 6: Wheat Biotechnology; Recent Developments and Future Trends 7: The Long and Winding Road of Rice Genetic Modification Technology and its Potential 8: Setaria Viridis; A Model for C4 Crop Biotechnology 9: Genome Editing in Cereals 10: Anther Culture for Doubled Haploids 11: Chloroplast Transformation in Cereals 12: Cross-species Silencing: Plant-mediated RNAi for Insect Control 13: Acrylamide in Cereals: The Problem and Potential Genetic and Agronomic Solutions 14: Engineering Cereal Endosperm 15: Key molecular and Metabolic Processes used for Genetic Engineering to Improve Freezing 16: Mergers and Acquisitions in Global Ag-Biotech

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2015

      Improving Animal Welfare

      A Practical Approach

      by Anne Marie de Passillé, Temple Grandin, Temple Grandin, Lily Nowell Edwards, Camie R Heleski, Jeff Hill, David C J Main, Amy K McLean, David J Mellor, Bernard Rollin, Jeffrey Rushen, Jan K Shearer, Kevin J Stafford, Janice C Swanson, Helen R (Becky) Whay, Tina Widowski, Jennifer Woods

      By taking an entirely practical approach, this textbook aims to help those working with animals to apply methods for improving welfare, bridging the gap between scientific research and practical application. This book provides a guide to practical evaluation and auditing of welfare problems for farmed animals, emphasizing the importance of measuring conditions that compromise welfare such as lameness, or the use of electric goads. This second edition is fully updated with new literature, new, up to date coverage of pain management, and the addition of a new chapter on animal welfare in organic farming systems. ; Taking a practical approach, this textbook helps those working with animals to apply methods for improving welfare, bridging the gap between scientific research and practical application. It provides a guide to practical evaluation and auditing of welfare for farm animals, emphasizing the importance of measuring conditions that compromise welfare. ; 1: An Introduction to Implementing an Effective Animal Welfare Program2: The Importance of Measurement to Improve the Welfare of Livestock, Poultry, and Fish3: Why is Agricultural Animal Welfare Important? The Social and Ethical Context4: Implementing Effective Standards and Scoring Systems for Assessing Animal Welfare on Farms and Slaughter Plants5: How to Improve Livestock Handling and Reduce Stress6: Painful Husbandry Procedures in Livestock and Poultry7: The Importance of Good Stockmanship and Its Benefits to Animals8: Animal Well-being and Behavioural Needs on the Farm9: Improving Livestock, Poultry, and Fish Welfare in Slaughter Plants with Auditing Programs10: Recommended On-farm Euthanasia Practices11: Welfare During Transport of Livestock and Poultry12: Why Are Behavioral Needs Important?13: Animal Well-being on Organic Farms14: The Effect of Economic Factors on the Welfare of Livestock and Poultry15: Improving Animal Care and Welfare: Practical Approaches for Achieving Change16: Successful Technology Transfer of Behavioral and Animal Welfare Research to the Farm and Slaughter Plant17: Practical Methods for Improving the Welfare of Horses, Donkeys, Mules, and Other Working Draft Animals in Developing Areas

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2015

      Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare

      by Donald M Broom, Andrew F Fraser

      Humans have a natural interest in animals; through a long history of domestication, they have become tools, a food source and even friends. Behaviour is a significant indicator of animal health and well-being, and understanding this behaviour is therefore the key to good management. Covering all aspects of animal behaviour and how this relates to welfare for companion animals, farm animals and farmed fish, this book reviews development, socialisation, locomotion, reproduction and more. It takes a comprehensive approach to the subject, including a section of chapters addressing common abnormal behaviours and reviewing some animals, such as rabbits, from both a pet and farm perspective. Now in its fifth edition, Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare includes new chapters detailing the welfare of sheep, goats and exotic pets, and welfare in relation to genetic selection and modification. Animal behaviour and welfare sciences are now core topics for agriculture and veterinary students, with courses and research opportunities in this field growing world-wide. Fully updated and with new photographs, this indispensable textbook provides a student-friendly guide to the major themes of animal behaviour and welfare. ; Now in its fifth edition, this book includes new chapters detailing the welfare of sheep, goats and exotic pets, and welfare in relation to genetic selection and modification. It covers animal behaviour and welfare for companion animals, farm animals and farmed fish, reviewing development, socialisation, locomotion, reproduction and more. ; 1: Introduction to Ideas and Measurement1: Introduction and Concepts2: Describing, Recording and Measuring Behaviour2: Fundamental Topics3: Learning, Cognition and Behaviour Development4: Motivation5: Evolution and Optimality6: Welfare Assessment3: Organization of Behaviour7: Behaviour Towards Predators and Social Attackers, Anti-predator Strategies8: Feeding9: Body Care10: Locomotion and Space Occupied11: Exploration12: Spacing Behaviour13: Rest and Sleep4: Reproductive and Social Behaviour14: General Social Behaviour15: Human-Domestic Animal Interactions16: Seasonal and Reproductive Behaviour17: Sexual Behaviour5: Early and Parturient Behaviour18: Fetal and Parturient Behaviour19: Maternal and Neonatal Behaviour20: Juvenile and Play Behaviour6: Welfare Topics21: Handling, Transport and Humane Control of Domestic Animals22: Stunning and Slaughter23: Welfare and Behaviour in Relation to Disease24: Abnormal Behaviour 1: Stereotypies25: Abnormal Behaviour 2: Self-directed and Environment-directed26: Abnormal Behaviour 3: Addressed to Another Individual27: Abnormal Behaviour 4: Failure of Function28: Abnormal Behaviour 5: Anomalous Reactivity7: Welfare of Various Animals29: The Welfare of Cattle30: The Welfare of Sheep and Goats31: The Welfare of Pigs32: The Welfare of Poultry33: The Welfare of Farmed and Pet Fish34: The Welfare of Animals Kept for Fur Production35: The Welfare of Horses, other Equids and other Draught Animals36: The Welfare of Farmed and Pet Rabbits37: The Welfare of Dogs38: The Welfare of Cats39: The Welfare of Other Pet Animals

    • Science & Mathematics
      September 2017

      The Ethology of Domestic Animals

      An Introductory Text

      by Per Jensen

      Completely updated, revised and redesigned in colour throughout, this classic bestselling text continues to provide a concise introduction to the important fundamentals of animal behaviour from genetics, physiology, motivation, learning and cognition, through to social and reproductive behaviour, abnormal behaviour and human-animal interactions.- Concise but comprehensive coverage of all the fundamentals of animal behaviour in companion, farm and laboratory animals.- Expert authors and key opinion leaders from around the world provide the latest evidence-based information on animal behaviour and welfare.- A revised layout and design, means it is easy to find key information at a glance, making it an ideal rapid revision tool.- New for the third edition: new chapters on fur animals with the inclusion of more species and expanded sections on canine behaviour.This text remains a highly respected, essential resource for both students and lecturers in animal and veterinary science, animal welfare, zoology and psychology.

    • Science & Mathematics
      February 2018

      Animal Welfare

      by M Appleby, A Olsson, F Galindo (Eds)

      Updated and revised, this bestselling textbook continues to provide a broad introduction to the key topics in the welfare of animals both large and small, farm and companion, wild and zoo. It retains all the popular features of the previous editions with coverage of key issues such as ethics, animal pain and injury, health and disease, social conditions, and welfare dilemmas and problems. Importantly, it also offers practical advice for welfare assessment, with a full section dedicated to the implementation of solutions. The third edition:- Contains many more examples of welfare issues in different countries, particularly the implications for smallholders as well as larger scale agriculture- Covers fish welfare as well as welfare of amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates- Includes concepts of positive emotion and other positive aspects of welfare- Focuses on animal welfare and sustainability - Includes an integrated ebook with additional material and videosWith contributions from renowned international experts and a new editorial team, Animal Welfare, 3rd Edition is an essential resource for students and researchers in animal and veterinary sciences and other disciplines considering the science and practice of animal welfare, and for practitioners and decision-makers worldwide.

    • Science & Mathematics
      October 2017

      Blackberries and Their Hybrids

      by H Hall, R Funt

      This practical book provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of all aspects of the commercial production of blackberries and their hybrids, covering plant growth and development, cultivar description and selection, propagation, pruning, soil and water management, postharvest management, economics and marketing, and pest identification and management. Cultivated blackberries are a relatively new crop, but with new cultivars and cultural practices they are now grown and available worldwide. Production regions have expanded internationally due to innovative methods showing much promise and evidence of human health benefits. Blackberries and Their Hybrids explains the many complex steps involved in producing a conventional or an organic crop for the fresh and processed markets, and: - Contains information gathered from global sources - Is appropriate for areas that can produce blackberries for the local, domestic and/or export markets - Includes full-color images throughout Authored by a team of experts, this book is essential for growers, extension workers, fruit industry personnel, students, and lecturers involved in the commercial production of blackberries and their hybrids.

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