• Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Security Risk Assessment

      In the Chemical and Process Industry

      by Genserik Reniers, Nima Khakzad, Pieter Van Gelder, Francesca Argenti, Shailendra Bajpai, Paul Baybutt, Valerio Cozzani, J. P. Gupta, Cecilia Haskins, Gabriele Landucci, Nicola Paltrinieri, Hans J. Pasman, Luca Talarico, Laobing Zhang

      This book deals with the state-of-the-art of physical security knowledge and research in the chemical and process industries. Legislation differences between Europe and the USA are investigated, followed by an overview of the how, what and why of contemporary security risk assessment in this particular industrial sector. Innovative solutions such as attractiveness calculations and the use of game theory, advancing the present science of adversarial risk analysis, are discussed. The book further stands up for developing and employing dynamic security risk assessments, for instance based on Bayesian networks, and using OR methods to truly move security forward in the chemical and process industries.

    • Science & Mathematics
      December 2017

      Technological Innovation

      An Introduction

      by Laurier Schramm

      The book provides a basic introduction on innovation technology in research and industry, mainly chemical/ technical industry and therefore bridges the gap between academic and corporate markets. The different innovation stages are discussed and tools presented how to successfully apply this knowledge within a research organization.

    • Technology, Engineering & Agriculture
      December 2018

      Carbon-based Smart Materials

      by Constantinos A. Charitidis, Elias P. Koumoulos, Dimitrios A. Dragatogiannis

      Presents technologies and key concepts to produce suitable smart materials and intelligent structures for sensing, information and communication technology, spintronics, supercapacitors, biomedical applications (drug delivery, hyperthermia therapy), self-healing, flexible memories and construction technologies. Novel developments of environmental friendly, cost-effective and scalable production processes are discussed by experts in the field.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2015

      Risk and Safety in Engineering Processes

      by Author(s): Ivan Lucic

      This book explores the treatment of safety risks in railways, analysing both heavy rail and metros. It is structured into eight chapters, and starts with the idea of risk and the history of the human perception of risk. Following on from that, utilising four real-life projects, an extensive review of existing risk analysis methodologies and processes is provided and summarised, including the relationships between different methodologies. Different Inquiry Systems (namely Leibnizian, Kantian, Hegelian, Lockean and Singerian) and the Delphi technique were utilised in this analysis of Safety Case requirements. Based on the findings of the analysis, the book identifies a set of high level requirements for an integrated and holistic safety analysis and management process system and the Safety Case. The book details a framework consisting of both existing and novel methodologies which has been developed and implemented on the two largest London Underground projects, Victoria Line Upgrade Programme and Subsurface Railway Upgrade Programme, over a period of two years. During this trial, several gaps in the process were identified, allowing new methodologies and processes to be defined and implemented in order to complete the framework. The trial was successful, and the new framework, referred to as the Engineering Safety and Assurance Case Management Process, has now been implemented across the London Underground Capital Programmes Directorate.

    • Industry & industrial studies
      April 2007

      Innovative Technology and Globalization

      by Editor(s): Chantal Ammi

      Globalization is leading the industry worldwide especially the new technology sector. The main aim of the book is to enhance the reader's knowledge – especially from a multidisciplinary perspective rather than from an individual functional perspective –the role of the globalization in the evolving world of the new technologies. This book will overview the process of globalization from a number of perspectives, including historical, geographical and social viewpoints while focusing on the new technologic products and services. Globalization and its effects on the innovative technology sector are best examined in terms of the social ramifications, and especially the geographical and political and economic (or political economy) contexts, at and between different levels, including the local, the regional and the global.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      May 2015

      Mathematics in Industry

      by Editor(s): Angela Slavova

      In this book, a wide range of problems concerning recent achievements in the field of industrial and applied mathematics are presented. It provides new ideas and research for scientists developing and studying mathematical methods and algorithms, and researchers applying them for solving real-life problems. The importance of the computing infrastructure is unquestionable for the development of modern science.The main focus of the book is the application of mathematics to industry and science. It promotes basic research in mathematics leading to new methods and techniques useful to industry and science. The volume also considers strategy-making integration between scientists of applied mathematics and those working in applied informatics, which has potential for long-lasting integration and co-operation. The integration role is regarded here as a tool for consolidation and reinforcement of the research, education and training, and for the transfer of scientific and management knowledge. This volume operates as a medium for the exchange of information and ideas between mathematicians and other technical and scientific personnel. The book will be essential for the promotion of interdisciplinary collaboration between applied mathematics and science, engineering and technology. The main topics examined in this volume are: numerical methods and algorithms; control systems and applications; partial differential equations and real-life applications; the high performance of scientific computing; linear algebra applications; neurosciences; algorithms in industrial mathematics; equations of mathematical physics; and industrial applications of mechanics.

    • Industry & industrial studies
      April 2007

      Innovative Technology and Globalization

      by Editor(s): Chantal Ammi

      Globalization is leading the industry worldwide especially the new technology sector. The main aim of the book is to enhance the reader's knowledge – especially from a multidisciplinary perspective rather than from an individual functional perspective –the role of the globalization in the evolving world of the new technologies. This book will overview the process of globalization from a number of perspectives, including historical, geographical and social viewpoints while focusing on the new technologic products and services. Globalization and its effects on the innovative technology sector are best examined in terms of the social ramifications, and especially the geographical and political and economic (or political economy) contexts, at and between different levels, including the local, the regional and the global.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2015

      Risk and Safety in Engineering Processes

      by Author(s): Ivan Lucic

      This book explores the treatment of safety risks in railways, analysing both heavy rail and metros. It is structured into eight chapters, and starts with the idea of risk and the history of the human perception of risk. Following on from that, utilising four real-life projects, an extensive review of existing risk analysis methodologies and processes is provided and summarised, including the relationships between different methodologies. Different Inquiry Systems (namely Leibnizian, Kantian, Hegelian, Lockean and Singerian) and the Delphi technique were utilised in this analysis of Safety Case requirements. Based on the findings of the analysis, the book identifies a set of high level requirements for an integrated and holistic safety analysis and management process system and the Safety Case. The book details a framework consisting of both existing and novel methodologies which has been developed and implemented on the two largest London Underground projects, Victoria Line Upgrade Programme and Subsurface Railway Upgrade Programme, over a period of two years. During this trial, several gaps in the process were identified, allowing new methodologies and processes to be defined and implemented in order to complete the framework. The trial was successful, and the new framework, referred to as the Engineering Safety and Assurance Case Management Process, has now been implemented across the London Underground Capital Programmes Directorate.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      May 2015

      Mathematics in Industry

      by Editor(s): Angela Slavova

      In this book, a wide range of problems concerning recent achievements in the field of industrial and applied mathematics are presented. It provides new ideas and research for scientists developing and studying mathematical methods and algorithms, and researchers applying them for solving real-life problems. The importance of the computing infrastructure is unquestionable for the development of modern science.The main focus of the book is the application of mathematics to industry and science. It promotes basic research in mathematics leading to new methods and techniques useful to industry and science. The volume also considers strategy-making integration between scientists of applied mathematics and those working in applied informatics, which has potential for long-lasting integration and co-operation. The integration role is regarded here as a tool for consolidation and reinforcement of the research, education and training, and for the transfer of scientific and management knowledge. This volume operates as a medium for the exchange of information and ideas between mathematicians and other technical and scientific personnel. The book will be essential for the promotion of interdisciplinary collaboration between applied mathematics and science, engineering and technology. The main topics examined in this volume are: numerical methods and algorithms; control systems and applications; partial differential equations and real-life applications; the high performance of scientific computing; linear algebra applications; neurosciences; algorithms in industrial mathematics; equations of mathematical physics; and industrial applications of mechanics.

    • Medicine

      The Psychedelic Traveller

      Short Stories

      by ANTHONY JAMES

      A collection of short stories from adventures and fantastic imaginings aroud the world. Each story is set in a different country, from Brazil to Siberia, from new Zealand to India. Each story is a cameo in itself, each one of a different mood, be it playful, or dark, of conflict or good humour. Stories will remind those who travel widely of the pitfalls and opportunities and remind all the readers that there is nothing more wonderful than this wonderful world and the ppeople in it.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2014

      Mycotoxins & their Implications in Food Safety

      by Sofia Duarte, Celeste Lino & Angelina Pena

      Mycotoxins pose an enduring problem in the area of food safety, and this timely work provides a valuable resource for all of those that recognize mycotoxin surveillance as a world health imperative. These six chapters describe the impact of the main mycotoxins that present food safety challenges in the farm-to-fork food continuum. It comprises a focused review of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, fumonisins, zearalenone and emerging mycotoxins, such as beauvericin and enniatins. Each mycotoxin is addressed in an individual chapter, authored by skilled researchers in the field, with a summary of their fungal producers and physical-chemical nature, and a survey of occurrence in different foodstuffs and different regions. The book also summarizes and explains the main aspects of the analytical methodology for sample extraction, purification and determination. Finally, each chapter reviews the health impact that exposure to each mycotoxin embodies for humans, covering all the main toxicological features.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2014

      Progress in Nanomaterials for Food Packaging

      by Jong Whan Rhim

      Food packaging has developed greatly over recent years, mainly due to the increased demands on product safety, shelf-life extension, cost efficiency, environmental issues and consumer convenience. In order to meet such varied demands of consumers, manufacturers and society, various innovative packaging systems, such as active and intelligent packaging systems, are emerging. Active packaging is able to modify the condition of the packaged food without provoking any substantial variation in its quality and nutritional value, while improving its shelf life and, ultimately, its safety. Intelligent packaging is meant to monitor features of the packed food to provide an indication of the quality status of the packaged product during storage and handling. Such innovative packaging systems are possible with the aid of newly developed packaging materials, with improved packaging performance. This book covers selected topics and technologies in the food packaging sector, as well as innovative new packaging materials and their properties.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      April 2009

      Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth

      by Gary D. Libecap

      This volume presents a series of perspectives that evaluate the merits of and potential for establishing institutionalized social valuation protocols within university settings. The volumes open with a comprehensive overview of the existing literature that addresses issues related to assessing the social value of university innovations. The first section provides sociological, organizational, and economic perspectives on issues informing the forecasting and/or demonstrating the social value of university innovations. The second section explores potential metrics and measures for either forecasting or demonstrating the social and economic value of university innovations. The third section concludes by considering issues of governance over and the organizational positioning institutionalized protocol for forecasting and demonstrating the social and economic value of university innovations.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      November 2009

      New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium

      Production and Distribution of Knowledge

      by Ray Oakey, Gary Cook, Aard Groen, Peter Sijde

      The research and policy evaluations presented in these papers represent a uniquely valuable evolving record of policy and research on high technology small firms through many changes in economic conditions and government policy approaches over more the a decade and a half. Specific issues in the book series cover many of the key industrial development policies adopted by developed, and developing, national governments since the early 1990's including, for example, writings on policy and practice concerning science parks, incubators, academic enterprise, industrial networking and the role of clusters in nurturing high technology small firms formation and growth. In particular, the on-going problem of early stage high technology funding has been a theme of constant concern since 1993, and because it remains resistant to amelioration, will endure into the future. Both the conference and the ensuing book series represent a pre-eminent vehicle for all the major international researchers concerned with high technology small firms to present their work to each other and the wider public.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      October 1999

      New Technology-based Firms in the 1990s

      by R.P. Oakey, W.E. During, Syeda-Masooda Mukhtar

      The selected papers in this volume bear witness to a maturing of High Technology Small Firms (HTSF) research. In the past, HTSF research has produced some solid findings, but also several paradoxes: shedding more light on the unintended and paradoxical effects of technology developments regarding HTSFs is now one of the aims of research in this field, and an observed change in the focus of the research agenda is reflected in this book. Although many of the topics have also been covered in earlier volumes, a gradual shift from descriptive case or survey studies to more explanatory studies, with an objective of understanding the processes that drive HTSF development, now becomes apparent. Researchers from different backgrounds increasingly strive to apply and integrate theoretical traditions that focus on the individual firm, regional and wider environmental levels. As a result of this shift, topics such as financing, internationalisation or firm development are viewed more from a perspective of networking and cooperation, or of development and growth. The understanding of how to promote cooperation and networking will probably remain on the HTSF research agenda for some years to come; the development and growth processes of HTSFs, within the context of clusters and networks, will also be high on the agenda in the next decade.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2019

      Transformations

      by Michael North, Peter Styring

      The conversion of CO2 to chemicals and consumables is a pioneering approach to utilize undesired CO2 emissions and simultaneously create new products out of sustainable feedstock. Volume 2 describes several routes to transform CO2 into various compounds by catalytic and electrochemical as well as photo- and plasma induced reactions. Both volumes are also included in a set ISBN 978-3-11-066549-9.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2019

      Fundamentals

      by Michael North, Peter Styring

      The conversion of CO2 to chemicals and consumables is a pioneering approach to utilize undesired CO2 emissions and simultaneously create new products out of sustainable feedstock. Volume 1 gives an introduction to CO2 chemistry, utilisation and sustainability and further discusses its capture and separation. Both volumes are also included in a set ISBN 978-3-11-066549-9.

    • Science & Mathematics
      June 2019

      Security of Flood Defenses

      by Jos de Lange

      This book presents new approaches to security risk analysis and scenario building on the basis of water works such as flood barriers and storm surge barriers. Defending flood barriers is not only important because of climate change and rising sea levels, but also due to the vulnerability of fresh water supplies and the increasing number of people living in vulnerable low-lying river and sea deltas.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2019

      [Set Carbon Dioxide Utilization, Volume 1+2]

      by Michael North, Peter Styring

      The conversion of CO2 to chemicals and consumables is a pioneering approach to utilize undesired CO2 emissions and simultaneously create new products out of sustainable feedstock. This set combines fundamentals of CO2 chemistry, its capture and separation as well transformative reactions. Both volumes are also available individually: Vol1: ISBN 978-3-11-056309-2and Vol2 978-3-11-066503-1.

    • Science & Mathematics
      September 2019

      Industrial Catalysis

      by Mark Anthony Benvenuto, Heinz Plaumann

      Industrial Catalysis provides an excellent introduction to catalytic principles and processes, addressing the applications of inorganic-, organic- and biocatalysts in industrial chemistry. Each chapter is focussed on one catalytic process and discusses its life cycle from source materials, catalyst synthesis, the catalytic process, lifetime and recovery. The book also includes a comprehensive overview on industrial processes employing catalysis.

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