• History
      January 2007

      L’embryon et son âme dans les sources grecques (VIe s. av. J.-C.-Ve s. apr. J.-C.)

      by Marie-Hélène CONGOURDEAU 

      Comment l’âme vient-elle à l’embryon? Quel rapport le corps entretient-il avec son âme? Cet ouvrage explore les théories des tenants d’une épopée de l’âme tombée du ciel, attelée à un corps et cherchant à regagner le monde des esprits purs, et celles des irréductibles de l’âme non séparable pour qui l’âme ne peut se concevoir indépendamment du corps qu’elle anime. D’où vient l’âme? Quand s’unit-elle au corps en gestation? L’enquête montre que c’est sur ces fondations que se bâtira la réflexion médiévale, avec ses retombées juridiques et éthiques.

    • Mind, Body, Spirit
      January 2013

      What Is God?

      Rolling Back the Veil

      by Horner, Christine

      Thousands of years into human history, though we’ve advanced technologically as a species, very little has been resolved in regard to humanity’s existential dilemmas . . . UNTIL NOW. Something miraculous is happening. The invisible is becoming visible. Human consciousness is taking a quantum leap into territory previously unknown. In this provocative book, you are asked to let go of your culture and conditioning. To understand our external world, it is time to inquire within and explore the mystery anew. WHAT IS GOD? MERGING SCIENCE & SPIRITUALITY: • The Unifying Theory of Everything • Science, Religion and the Brain • Who You Are and Your Purpose • Evolution vs. Creationism • The Garden of Eden • About Adam & Eve • Heaven on Earth • The Story of Creation • The Big Bang Myth • Good and Evil • The Holy Trinity • Who’s In Charge • Heaven on Earth www.ChristineHorner.com

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2018

      Optical Imaging and Photography

      Introduction to Science and Technology of Optics, Sensors and Systems

      by Ulrich Teubner, Hans Josef Brückner

      This textbook is concerned with optical imaging – from simple apertures to complex imaging systems. It spans the range all the way from optical physics to technical optics. Physics and engineering students learn to understand different imaging systems and sensors as well as lenses and errors, image amplification and processing. For microscopists and photographers it conveys a deeper insight into the intricacies of their daily used devices.

    • Science: general issues
      January 2018

      The Immune Mystery. Mum is a Puzzle

      by Anita Kåss

      Anita Kåss' mother died of arthritis when Anita was 13. Since then Anita has had the burning desire to find a medication and cure for the illness that killed her mother. She has taken her own path to this goal and in this book she takes the reader along on a popular science journey into the world of immune defence on the hunt for the solution to a mystery no one has managed to solve yet: the mystery of autoimmunity.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      October 2018

      Celsus und die antike Wissenschaft

      by Celsus, Werner Albert Golder

      Die Medizin des Aulus Cornelius Celsus (Blütezeit: erstes Drittel des ersten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts) ist keine Schullektüre und gehört keinem Kanon an. Das Werk vom Anfang bis zum Ende zu lesen fällt selbst Medizinhistorikern schwer. Doch wer die Geschichte der Medizin in der Antike studiert, kommt an Celsus nicht vorbei, obwohl der Autor mutmaßlich selbst nicht beruflich als Arzt gearbeitet hat. In den acht Büchern sind zahllose geistreiche Bemerkungen und historische Juwelen verborgen. Die vorliegende Auswahl enthält die Proömien, die wichtigsten Passagen aus der Darstellung der theoretischen und klinischen Fächer, die originellsten Fallbeschreibungen und außerdem die wesentlichen Beiträge des Werkes zur Terminologie und Ethik in der Medizin. Für die Diskussion der Quellen und der Rezeption in Antike und Mittelalter werden zahlreiche Originaltexte präsentiert. Der Schlussteil enthält die Fragmente der verlorenen nicht-medizinischen Teile (Landwirtschaft, Militärwesen, Rhetorik, Philosophie) des Opus Celsi.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      February 2018

      The Elements of Avicenna's Physics

      Greek Sources and Arabic Innovations

      by Andreas Lammer

      This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the physical theory of the Islamic philosopher Avicenna (d. 1037). It seeks to understand his contribution against the developments within the preceding Greek and Arabic intellectual milieus, and to appreciate his philosophy as such by emphasising his independence as a critical and systematic thinker. Exploring Avicenna’s method of "teaching and learning," it investigates the implications of his account of the natural body as a three-dimensionally extended composite of matter and form, and examines his views on nature as a principle of motion and his analysis of its relation to soul. Moreover, it demonstrates how Avicenna defends the Aristotelian conception of place against the strident criticism of his predecessors, among other things, by disproving the existence of void and space. Finally, it sheds new light on Avicenna’s account of the essence and the existence of time. For the first time taking into account the entire range of Avicenna’s major writings, this study fills a gap in our understanding both of the history of natural philosophy in general and of the philosophy of Avicenna in particular.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2018

      Das Ringen um das Selbst

      Schizophrenie in Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft und Kultur nach 1945

      by Sandra Schmitt

      Schizophrenie – kaum ein anderer psychiatrischer Krankheitsbegriff wurde in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts so intensiv und kritisch diskutiert. Auch innerhalb der Psychiatrie herrschte alles andere als Einigkeit über den Begriff, die Ursachen und Behandlungsmethoden. Von den ersten Berichten psychotherapeutischer Behandlungen bis hin zu den Erfahrungsschilderungen von Betroffenen rekonstruiert Sandra Schmitt, wie sich die Vorstellungen von Schizophrenie nach 1945 veränderten, welche Rolle die Psychoanalyse dabei spielte und wie die Psychiatrie darüber in eine Krise geriet und sich durch methodische Verwissenschaftlichungen wieder stabilisierte. Die Studie beschreibt die Zirkulation von Wissen und die Etablierung neuer Deutungen des Schizophreniekonzeptes und liefert so einen Beitrag zur Wissens- und Kulturgeschichte der Psychiatrie in Ost- und Westdeutschland.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Ursachen

      by Andreas Hüttemann

      Ursachen spielen im Alltag und in der Wissenschaft eine zentrale Rolle. Wir stützen uns auf Ursachenwissen wenn wir Vorhersagen machen, wenn wir Phänomene erklären, wenn wir in die Natur eingreifen und wenn wir Verantwortung zuschreiben. Aber was heißt es, dass etwas die Ursache eines Ereignisses ist? Dieses Buch gibt einen kurzen Überblick über historische Positionen, die auch für heutige Debatten noch relevant sind. Im Hauptteil wird ein systematischer Überblick über die wesentlichen Theorien von Ursachen gegeben: die Regularitätstheorie, die kontrafaktische Theorie, die Prozesstheorie und neuere Formen des Interventionismus. Zwei Fragestellungen spielen bei der Bewertung der verschiedenen Ansätze eine zentrale Rolle: Wie wird erklärt, dass Ursachen ihre Wirkungen ,erzwingen‘? Wie wird verständlich gemacht, dass Ursachen Teil einer Welt sein können, die durch die Physik beschrieben wird? Schließlich entwickelt der Verfasser eine neue Variante einer Prozesstheorie, die darauf verzichtet Prozesse physikalisch auszuzeichnen. Die Neuauflage enthält eine deutliche Weiterentwicklung der Position des Verfassers. Zudem wurde der gesamte Text durchgesehen sowie neu erschienene Literatur berücksichtigt.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      August 2018

      Natural Laws as Dispositions

      by Florian Fischer

      Die Reihe bietet ein Publikationsforum für innovative Arbeiten zu allen Themengebieten der analytischen Philosophie. Die Bände in dieser Reihe erscheinen in deutscher oder englischer Sprache.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      September 2018

      Handbuch Landesgeschichte

      by Werner Freitag, Michael Kißener, Christine Reinle, Sabine Ullmann

      Der Band stellt daserste landesgeschichtliche Handbuch dar,das keinen regionalen Schwerpunkt hat, sondern übergreifende Zusammenhänge und Aspekte des Fachs erfasst. Neben der Geschichte des Faches werden Raumbegriffe, Erkenntnisinteressen, Zugriffsformen und Themenfelder behandelt (jeweils unter Rückgriff auf einzelne historische Landschaften), die die einzelnen Landesgeschichten gemeinsam haben.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 2018

      Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science

      From Regius to ‘s Gravesande

      by Andrea Strazzoni

      How did the relations between philosophy and science evolve during the 17th and the 18th century? This book analyzes this issue by considering the history of Cartesianism in Dutch universities, as well as its legacy in the 18th century. It takes into account the ways in which the disciplines of logic and metaphysics became functional to the justification and reflection on the conceptual premises and the methods of natural philosophy, changing their traditional roles as art of reasoning and as science of being. This transformation took place as a result of two factors. First, logic and metaphysics (which included rational theology) were used to grant the status of indubitable knowledge of natural philosophy. Second, the debates internal to Cartesianism, as well as the emergence of alternative philosophical world-views (such as those of Hobbes, Spinoza, the experimental science and Newtonianism) progressively deprived such disciplines of their foundational function, and they started to become forms of reflection over given scientific practices, either Cartesian, experimental, or Newtonian.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      July 2018

      IT für soziale Inklusion

      Digitalisierung – Künstliche Intelligenz – Zukunft für alle

      by Aljoscha Burchardt, Hans Uszkoreit

      Soziale Inklusion ist ein Thema mit wachsender Bedeutung in allen Gesellschaftsbereichen. Deren Durchsetzung ist ohne Informationstechnologie oftmals nicht möglich. Das Buch beschreibt den Stand der Forschung. Schwerpunkt sind aber Tools und Anwendungen aus den Bereichen Bildung, Gesundheit, Mobilität, Migration u.a.. Themen und Autoren stammen aus dem gleichnamigen Workshop, den das DFKI im Rahmen des VISION SUMMIT 2016 gestaltet hat.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      February 2020

      The Church and the Sick in the Latin West (4th - 8th Centuries)

      by Stephen Lake

      From the mid-4th century monks and bishops founded hospitals with professional doctors and trained nurses in the Eastern Roman Empire. In the West, on the other hand, equivalent institutions at first barely featured, although the Church took charitable action in the form of alms and, increasingly, poor-houses. This book outlines developments in the East, before going on to investigate monastic institutions in the West, as well as the foundation of xenodochies and other charitable practices. It also investigates the limited adoption of Greek medicine in Latin in order to explain why there was no ‛culture-transfer’ from Byzantine hospitals to the West at the end of Late Antiquity.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      March 2017

      Strategika

      by Polyainos, Kai Brodersen

      Polyainos schrieb für die römischen Kaiser ein Werk über Stragetika, über strategische Tricks. Er sammelt dazu aus der ganzen antiken Geschichte Beispiele dafür, wie durch den Einsatz von Überredung und Überraschung, von Werbung und Angstmachen, aber auch von List und Tücke Erfolge möglich wurden. So bietet das Werk einen einmaligen Einblick in das antike Denken und zugleich viele hundert strategische Tricks nicht nur von Männern, sondern auch von Frauen – und heute nicht nur für Schiffs-, sondern auch für Wirtschaftskapitäne.

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Henry Dresser and Victorian ornithology

      Birds, books and business

      by Henry A. McGhie

      This book explores the life of Henry Dresser (1838-1915), one of the most productive British ornithologists of the mid-late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and is largely based on previously unpublished archival material. Dresser travelled widely and spent time in Texas during the American Civil War. He built enormous collections of skins and eggs of birds from Europe, North America and Asia, which formed the basis of over 100 publications, including some of the finest bird books of the late nineteenth century. Dresser was a leading figure in scientific society and in the early bird conservation movement; his correspondence and diaries reveal the inner workings, motivations, personal relationships and rivalries that existed among the leading ornithologists.

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Henry Dresser and Victorian ornithology

      Birds, books and business

      by Henry A. McGhie

      This book explores the life of Henry Dresser (1838-1915), one of the most productive British ornithologists of the mid-late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and is largely based on previously unpublished archival material. Dresser travelled widely and spent time in Texas during the American Civil War. He built enormous collections of skins and eggs of birds from Europe, North America and Asia, which formed the basis of over 100 publications, including some of the finest bird books of the late nineteenth century. Dresser was a leading figure in scientific society and in the early bird conservation movement; his correspondence and diaries reveal the inner workings, motivations, personal relationships and rivalries that existed among the leading ornithologists.

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2017

      Henry Dresser and Victorian ornithology

      Birds, books and business

      by Henry A. McGhie

      This book explores the life of Henry Dresser (1838-1915), one of the most productive British ornithologists of the mid-late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and is largely based on previously unpublished archival material. Dresser travelled widely and spent time in Texas during the American Civil War. He built enormous collections of skins and eggs of birds from Europe, North America and Asia, which formed the basis of over 100 publications, including some of the finest bird books of the late nineteenth century. Dresser was a leading figure in scientific society and in the early bird conservation movement; his correspondence and diaries reveal the inner workings, motivations, personal relationships and rivalries that existed among the leading ornithologists.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2016

      Scientific governance in Britain, 1914–79

      by Charlotte Sleigh, Don Leggett

      Scientific governance in Britain, 1914-79 examines the connected histories of how science was governed, and used in governance, in twentieth-century Britain. During the middle portion of that century, British science grew dramatically in scale, reach and value. These changes were due in no small part to the two world wars and their associated effects, notably post-war reconstruction and the on-going Cold War. As the century went on, there were more scientists - requiring more money to fund their research - occupying ever more niches in industry, academia, military and civil institutions. Combining the latest research on twentieth-century British science with insightful discussion of what it meant to govern - and govern with - science, this volume provides both an invaluable introduction to science in twentieth-century Britain for students and a fresh thematic focus on science and government for researchers interested in the histories of science and governance. This volume features a foreword from Sir John Beddington, UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2008-13.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2016

      Scientific governance in Britain, 1914–79

      by Charlotte Sleigh, Don Leggett

      Scientific governance in Britain, 1914-79 examines the connected histories of how science was governed, and used in governance, in twentieth-century Britain. During the middle portion of that century, British science grew dramatically in scale, reach and value. These changes were due in no small part to the two world wars and their associated effects, notably post-war reconstruction and the on-going Cold War. As the century went on, there were more scientists - requiring more money to fund their research - occupying ever more niches in industry, academia, military and civil institutions. Combining the latest research on twentieth-century British science with insightful discussion of what it meant to govern - and govern with - science, this volume provides both an invaluable introduction to science in twentieth-century Britain for students and a fresh thematic focus on science and government for researchers interested in the histories of science and governance. This volume features a foreword from Sir John Beddington, UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2008-13.

    • Science & Mathematics
      January 2018

      Science and the politics of openness

      Here be monsters

      by Brigitte Nerlich, Sarah Hartley, Sujatha Raman, Alexander Smith

      The phrase 'here be monsters' or 'here be dragons' is commonly believed to have been used on ancient maps to indicate unexplored territories which might hide unknown beasts. This book maps and explores places between science and politics that have been left unexplored, sometimes hiding in plain sight - in an era when increased emphasis was put on 'openness'. The book is rooted in a programme of research funded by the Leverhulme Trust entitled: 'Making Science Public: Challenges and opportunities, which runs from 2014 to 2017. One focus of our research was to critically question the assumption that making science more open and public could solve various issues around scientific credibility, trust, and legitimacy. Chapters in this book explore the risks and benefits of this perspective with relation to transparency, responsibility, experts and faith.

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