• Science & Mathematics
      September 1993

      Mathematics for Economists

      by William Novshek

      This text contains the mathematical material necessary as background for the topics covered in advanced microeconomics courses. It focuses on two key components of microeconomics - optimization subject to constraints and the development of comparative statistics. Assuming familiarity with calculus of one variable and basic linear algebra, the text allows more extensive coverage of additional topics like constrained optimization, the chain rule, Taylor's theorem, line integrals and dynamic programming. It contains numerous examples that illustrate economics and mathematical situations, many with complex solutions.

    • Science & Mathematics
      January 2005

      Power Laws in the Information Production Process

      Lotkaian Informetrics

      by Leo Egghe

      This book describes informetric results from the point of view of Lotkaian size-frequency functions, i.e. functions that are decreasing power laws. Explanations and examples of this model are given showing that it is the most important regularity amongst other possible models. This theory is then developed in the framework of IPPs (Information Production Processes) hereby also indicating its relation with e.g. the law of Zipf.Applications are given in the following fields: three-dimensional informetrics (positive reinforcement and Type/Token-Taken informetrics), concentration theory (including the description of Lorenz curves and concentration measures in Lotkaian informetrics), fractal complexity theory (Lotkaian informetrics as self-similar fractals), Lotkaian informetrics in which items can have multiple sources (where fractional size-frequency functions are constructed), the theory of first-citation distributions and the N-fold Cartesian product of IPPs (describing frequency functions for N-grams and N-word phrases).In the Appendix, methods are given to determine the parameters in the law of Lotka, based on a set of discrete data. The book explains numerous informetric regularities, only based on a decreasing power law as size-frequency function, i.e. Lotka's law. It revives the historical formulation of Alfred Lotka of 1926 and shows the power of this power law, both in classical aspects of informetrics (libraries, bibliographies) as well as in 'new' applications such as social networks (citation or collaboration networks and the Internet).

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 1995

      Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology

      by Steven J. Fluharty, James M. Sprague, Adrian R. Morrison, Eliot Stellar

      For 29 years, Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology has provided cutting-edge literature to behavioral neuroscience research. Honoring the late Alan Epstein, founding co-editor of the series, Volume 16 presents essays in the area of the neurobiology of motivation. Contents include research in ingestive behavior, dopamine and food reward, the effect of insulin in the brain, and mechanisms of thirst and salt appetite.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 1998

      Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology

      by Steven J. Fluharty, Adrian R. Morrison

      For 31 years, "Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology" has provided cutting-edge literature to behavioral neuroscience research. The current volume provides new research on satiety, the neuroendocrinology of fear, sleep regulation, and the stress response.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      February 1995

      Methods and Applications of Economic Dynamics

      Workshop : Invited Papers

      by L. Schoonbeek, S.K. Kuipers, E. Sterken

      A discussion of various aspects of dynamic behavior of empirical macroeconomic, and in particular, macroeconometric models, is presented in this book. The book addresses in depth several theoretical and practical aspects concerning the modeling and analysis of long-run equilibrium behavior, adjustment dynamics and stability. Tools are developed to identify and interpret the main determinants of the dynamics of models. The tools involve, among others, error-correction mechanisms, eigenvalue analysis, feedback closure rules, graph theory, learning behavior, steady-state analysis, and stochastic simulation. Their usefulness is demonstrated by interesting applications to a number of well-known national and multi-national models.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      June 1991

      Stochastic Models and Option Values

      Applications to Resources, Environment and Investment Problems

      by D. Lund, Bernt Oksendal

      This book is a result of recent developments in several fields. Mathematicians, statisticians, finance theorists, and economists found several interconnections in their research. The emphasis was on common methods, although the applications were also interrelated. The main topic is dynamic stochastic models, in which information arrives and decisions are made sequentially. This gives rise to what finance theorists call option value, what some economists label quasi-option value. Some papers extend the mathematical theory, some deal with new methods of economic analysis, while some present important applications, to natural resources in particular.

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2002

      Acoustics for Audiologists

      by Peter Haughton

      Many who come to work in audiology have little previous training in acoustics, or in the physical sciences generally. They find these subjects difficult, but when they seek help from books on audiology, they are likely to find only superficial accounts whereas books on acoustics mostly assume a physics-based readership and are consequently too difficult for the general reader. "Acoustics for Audiologists" fills the gap. It can be read at several levels. At the most basic, it provides a full explanation of many of the general principles and special terms in acoustics that are relevant to clinical audiology and audiological science. The main text is supported by an introductory chapter covering the underlying physics, an appendix on the required mathematics, and worked examples and questions. At a more advanced level, the book answers the needs of students of audiological science and audiological medicine for whom previous studies have not included the physical sciences. It is written for audiologists, trainee audiological scientists, and students of audiological medicine. The supporting text includes a quick review of the relevant physics and mathematics. It contains special exercises in working with decibels. It also contains worked examples to assist self-study and as a source for taught courses. It features more than 170 figures.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      April 2009

      Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth

      by Gary D. Libecap

      This volume presents a series of perspectives that evaluate the merits of and potential for establishing institutionalized social valuation protocols within university settings. The volumes open with a comprehensive overview of the existing literature that addresses issues related to assessing the social value of university innovations. The first section provides sociological, organizational, and economic perspectives on issues informing the forecasting and/or demonstrating the social value of university innovations. The second section explores potential metrics and measures for either forecasting or demonstrating the social and economic value of university innovations. The third section concludes by considering issues of governance over and the organizational positioning institutionalized protocol for forecasting and demonstrating the social and economic value of university innovations.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      November 2014

      Bayesian Model Comparison

      by Ivan Jeliazkov, Dale J. Poirier

      The volume contains articles that should appeal to readers with computational, modeling, theoretical, and applied interests. Methodological issues include parallel computation, Hamiltonian Monte Carlo, dynamic model selection, small sample comparison of structural models, Bayesian thresholding methods in hierarchical graphical models, adaptive reversible jump MCMC, LASSO estimators, parameter expansion algorithms, the implementation of parameter and non-parameter-based approaches to variable selection, a survey of key results in objective Bayesian model selection methodology, and a careful look at the modeling of endogeneity in discrete data settings. Important contemporary questions are examined in applications in macroeconomics, finance, banking, labor economics, industrial organization, and transportation, among others, in which model uncertainty is a central consideration.

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2012

      Biopolicy

      The Life Sciences and Public Policy

      by Albert Somit, Steven A. Peterson

      "Biology can inform public policy in a number of ways. This volume explores the linkage of the life sciences with policy (what the book refers to as biopolicy). It features two points of departure: the implications of the neurosciences for public policy; and the implications of evolutionary theory for policy-making. The first part of the book provides an introduction to the subject of biopolicy as well as the relevance of the brain sciences and evolutionary theory for this subject. The second part considers several case studies of how these points of departure inform our knowledge of policy. Among case studies provided here are the implications for distribution of wealth, the roots of foreign policy, violent behavior, policy decision-making, and the like. In the final analysis, this book provides examples of how the life sciences can inform public policy choices. Research in Biopolitics is the only book series that focuses specifically on the relationship between biology and politics, and provides contemporary research for practitioners, including anthropologists, sociologists, economists, biopolitical researchers, as well as students of law and political science.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      August 2010

      Conflict, Complexity and Mathematical Social Science

      by Gordon Burt, Manas Chatterji

      "Conflict, Complexity and Mathematical Social Science" provides a foundational mathematical approach to the modelling of social conflict. The book illustrates how theory and evidence can be mathematically deepened and how investigations grounded in social choice theory can provide the evidence needed to inform social practice. Countering criticism from constructivist viewpoints it shows how discourse is grounded in mathematical logic and mathematical structure. The modelling of social conflict is viewed as an application of mathematical social science and relevant models are drawn from each field of mathematical psychology, mathematical sociology, mathematical political science and mathematical economics. Unique in its multidisciplinary focus the book brings together powerful mathematical conceptualisations of the social world from a wide range of separate areas of inquiry, thereby providing a strong conceptual framework and an integrated account of social situations. It is a vital resource for all researchers in peace science, peace and conflict studies, politics, international relations, mathematical modelling in the social sciences and complexity theory.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2013

      Game Theory

      by Guillermo Owen

      Game Theory has served as a standard text for game theory courses since the publication of the First Edition in 1968. The Fourth Edition updates several recently developed subfields. It adds fresh chapters on subjects such as games with incomplete information and spatial games. Owen has expanded "Two-Person General-Sum Games" into two chapters, the second becoming "Two-Person Cooperative Games." There are new sections in the chapters "Two-Person Cooperative Games" and "Indices of Power," and there is new information throughout the book on non-cooperative games. "Game Theory" remains the only book to cover all salient aspects of this field that, having displaced Keynesian economics, is making inroads throughout the social sciences. The key features are: it explains work of 1994 Nobel Prize Winners; it provides full expansion of cooperative game theory sections; it covers games with incomplete information; it includes a spatial games section that features many illustrations; and, it includes an updated bibliography.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      November 2009

      New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium

      Production and Distribution of Knowledge

      by Ray Oakey, Gary Cook, Aard Groen, Peter Sijde

      The research and policy evaluations presented in these papers represent a uniquely valuable evolving record of policy and research on high technology small firms through many changes in economic conditions and government policy approaches over more the a decade and a half. Specific issues in the book series cover many of the key industrial development policies adopted by developed, and developing, national governments since the early 1990's including, for example, writings on policy and practice concerning science parks, incubators, academic enterprise, industrial networking and the role of clusters in nurturing high technology small firms formation and growth. In particular, the on-going problem of early stage high technology funding has been a theme of constant concern since 1993, and because it remains resistant to amelioration, will endure into the future. Both the conference and the ensuing book series represent a pre-eminent vehicle for all the major international researchers concerned with high technology small firms to present their work to each other and the wider public.

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 2006

      Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology

      by Warren J. Samuels, Jeff E. Biddle, Ross B. Emmett

      This title includes volume 24A, B, and C in one bundle. This Book Set consists of: *9780762313495 - Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology: A Research Annual (Part A) *9780762313549 - Further Documents from F. Taylor Ostrander (Part B) *9780762313556 - Documents From and On Economic Thought (Part C)

    • Business, Economics & Law
      March 2009

      Use of Science and Technology in Business

      Exploring the Impact of Using Activity for Systems, Organizations, and People

      by Hakan sson, Alexandra Waluszewski, Frans Prenkert, Enrico Baraldi

      This book comprises a variety of examples of the use of science and technology in business, ranging from early computer use in the U.S. insurance industry to the present use of information technology in the Swedish furniture industry; from the classic UK fish and chip shop's use of white fish to Heathrow's Terminal 5-project; from new fishing net fibers to the cooling of chocolate at Cadbury's; from the development of new mobile wireless services to the creation of a genetic database on Iceland. The book shows the multifaceted and interactive character of the relationship between science and technology on the one hand, and business and innovation on the other. It explores this non-linear relationship through a selection of case studies and discusses its implications for science as well as for business. The economy of the use of sciences and technology, as well as the science and technology of economy, is given equal focus.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 2013

      The World of Biology and Politics

      by Steven A. Peterson, Albert Somit

      This volume describes (a) the present academic and institutional status of Biopolitics and (b) the wide range of research areas that have emerged within the field. The Introduction puts into perspective the major differences and similarities between Biopolitics and more traditional approaches to political science in terms of basic concepts, scope, research methodology, and the resulting implications for public policy. The next two chapters focus on the institutions and organizations that have significantly influenced the structure and direction of the "movement." Chapter 4 describes how and why evolutionary theory has had an increasingly influential impact on political science. Chapters 5 through 9 are "case studies" of how biological perspectives have been productively used in several of the discipline's established "fields." Chapter 10 is a measured critical analysis of the enterprise and Chapter 11 looks at where biopolitics as a field might be moving.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      December 2001

      Advances in Mathematical Programming and Financial Planning

      by K.D. Lawrence, G.R. Reeves, John B. Geurard

      This is a blind refereed serial publication published on an annual basis. The objective of this research annual is to present state-of-the-art studies in the integration of mathematical programming into financial planning and management. The literature and techniques in financial planning and management are becoming increasingly complex. It is hoped that the monographs aid in the dissemination of research efforts in quantitative financial analysis. The topics will normally include cash management, capital budgeting, financial decisions, portfolio management and performance analysis, and financial planning models. The analyses generally include mixed integer programming, goal programming, biased regression techniques and simulation models, application of forecasting methodologies to such areas as sales, marketing, and strategic decision making (an accurate, robust forecast is critical to effective decision making). It is the hope of the editors that the majority of the papers will simulate questions and possible solutions that are of interest to financial planners.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      January 1996

      Advances in Mathematical Programming and financial planning

      by Kenneth D. Lawrence, John B. GuerardJr., Gary R. Reeves

      This is the fourth volume in a series which discusses advances in mathematical programming and financial planning.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2000

      Advances in Taxation

      by Thomas M. Porcano

      "Advances in Taxation" publishes articles dealing with all aspects of taxation. Articles can address tax policy issues at the federal, state, local, or international level. The series primarily publishes empirical studies that address compliance, computer usage, education, legal, planning, or policy issues. These studies generally involve interdisciplinary research that incorporates theories from accounting, economics, finance, psychology, and/or sociology. Although empirical studies are primarily published, analytical and historical manuscripts are also welcome.

    • Science & Mathematics
      December 2007

      Bioethical Issues

      Sociological Perspectives

      by Barbara Katz Rothman, Elizabeth M. Armstrong, Rebecca Tiger

      This volume deals with the topic of health inequalities and health disparities. The volume is divided into five sections. The first section includes an introductory look at the issue of health care inequalities and disparities and also an introduction to the volume. One of the backdrops to this topic in the United States was The National Healthcare Disparities Report and its focus on the ability of Americans to access health care and variation in the quality of care. Disparities related to socioeconomic status were included, as were disparities linked to race and ethnicity and the report also tried to explore the relationship between race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position, as explained in more detail in the first article in the book.The second article discusses a newer overall approach to issues related to health inequalities and health disparities. The remaining four sections of the book address more specific topics relating to inequalities and disparities. The second section examines racial and ethnic inequalities and disparities. The third section includes articles that address the issue from the perspective of research about health care providers and health care facilities. The last two sections of the book focus on consumers and topics of health care disparities, with Section 4 focused on issues related to substance abuse, mental health and related concerns.Section 5 includes articles looking at issues of vulnerable women, women with breast cancer and people with colorectal cancer. "Inequalities and Disparities in Health Care and Health" is important reading for medical sociologists and people working in other social science disciplines studying health-related issues. The volume also provides vital information for health services researchers, policy analysts and public health researchers. It is a great resource for health services researchers, policy analysts and public health researchers. It offers an in-depth look at bioethics, focusing on health inequalities and disparities.

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