• Science & Mathematics
      September 1993

      Mathematics for Economists

      by William Novshek

      This text contains the mathematical material necessary as background for the topics covered in advanced microeconomics courses. It focuses on two key components of microeconomics - optimization subject to constraints and the development of comparative statistics. Assuming familiarity with calculus of one variable and basic linear algebra, the text allows more extensive coverage of additional topics like constrained optimization, the chain rule, Taylor's theorem, line integrals and dynamic programming. It contains numerous examples that illustrate economics and mathematical situations, many with complex solutions.

    • Science & Mathematics
      January 2005

      Power Laws in the Information Production Process

      Lotkaian Informetrics

      by Leo Egghe

      This book describes informetric results from the point of view of Lotkaian size-frequency functions, i.e. functions that are decreasing power laws. Explanations and examples of this model are given showing that it is the most important regularity amongst other possible models. This theory is then developed in the framework of IPPs (Information Production Processes) hereby also indicating its relation with e.g. the law of Zipf.Applications are given in the following fields: three-dimensional informetrics (positive reinforcement and Type/Token-Taken informetrics), concentration theory (including the description of Lorenz curves and concentration measures in Lotkaian informetrics), fractal complexity theory (Lotkaian informetrics as self-similar fractals), Lotkaian informetrics in which items can have multiple sources (where fractional size-frequency functions are constructed), the theory of first-citation distributions and the N-fold Cartesian product of IPPs (describing frequency functions for N-grams and N-word phrases).In the Appendix, methods are given to determine the parameters in the law of Lotka, based on a set of discrete data. The book explains numerous informetric regularities, only based on a decreasing power law as size-frequency function, i.e. Lotka's law. It revives the historical formulation of Alfred Lotka of 1926 and shows the power of this power law, both in classical aspects of informetrics (libraries, bibliographies) as well as in 'new' applications such as social networks (citation or collaboration networks and the Internet).

    • Science & Mathematics
      August 1998

      Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology

      by Steven J. Fluharty, Adrian R. Morrison

      For 31 years, "Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology" has provided cutting-edge literature to behavioral neuroscience research. The current volume provides new research on satiety, the neuroendocrinology of fear, sleep regulation, and the stress response.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      February 1995

      Methods and Applications of Economic Dynamics

      Workshop : Invited Papers

      by L. Schoonbeek, S.K. Kuipers, E. Sterken

      A discussion of various aspects of dynamic behavior of empirical macroeconomic, and in particular, macroeconometric models, is presented in this book. The book addresses in depth several theoretical and practical aspects concerning the modeling and analysis of long-run equilibrium behavior, adjustment dynamics and stability. Tools are developed to identify and interpret the main determinants of the dynamics of models. The tools involve, among others, error-correction mechanisms, eigenvalue analysis, feedback closure rules, graph theory, learning behavior, steady-state analysis, and stochastic simulation. Their usefulness is demonstrated by interesting applications to a number of well-known national and multi-national models.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      November 2014

      Bayesian Model Comparison

      by Ivan Jeliazkov, Dale J. Poirier

      The volume contains articles that should appeal to readers with computational, modeling, theoretical, and applied interests. Methodological issues include parallel computation, Hamiltonian Monte Carlo, dynamic model selection, small sample comparison of structural models, Bayesian thresholding methods in hierarchical graphical models, adaptive reversible jump MCMC, LASSO estimators, parameter expansion algorithms, the implementation of parameter and non-parameter-based approaches to variable selection, a survey of key results in objective Bayesian model selection methodology, and a careful look at the modeling of endogeneity in discrete data settings. Important contemporary questions are examined in applications in macroeconomics, finance, banking, labor economics, industrial organization, and transportation, among others, in which model uncertainty is a central consideration.

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2012

      Biopolicy

      The Life Sciences and Public Policy

      by Albert Somit, Steven A. Peterson

      "Biology can inform public policy in a number of ways. This volume explores the linkage of the life sciences with policy (what the book refers to as biopolicy). It features two points of departure: the implications of the neurosciences for public policy; and the implications of evolutionary theory for policy-making. The first part of the book provides an introduction to the subject of biopolicy as well as the relevance of the brain sciences and evolutionary theory for this subject. The second part considers several case studies of how these points of departure inform our knowledge of policy. Among case studies provided here are the implications for distribution of wealth, the roots of foreign policy, violent behavior, policy decision-making, and the like. In the final analysis, this book provides examples of how the life sciences can inform public policy choices. Research in Biopolitics is the only book series that focuses specifically on the relationship between biology and politics, and provides contemporary research for practitioners, including anthropologists, sociologists, economists, biopolitical researchers, as well as students of law and political science.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      March 2009

      Use of Science and Technology in Business

      Exploring the Impact of Using Activity for Systems, Organizations, and People

      by Hakan sson, Alexandra Waluszewski, Frans Prenkert, Enrico Baraldi

      This book comprises a variety of examples of the use of science and technology in business, ranging from early computer use in the U.S. insurance industry to the present use of information technology in the Swedish furniture industry; from the classic UK fish and chip shop's use of white fish to Heathrow's Terminal 5-project; from new fishing net fibers to the cooling of chocolate at Cadbury's; from the development of new mobile wireless services to the creation of a genetic database on Iceland. The book shows the multifaceted and interactive character of the relationship between science and technology on the one hand, and business and innovation on the other. It explores this non-linear relationship through a selection of case studies and discusses its implications for science as well as for business. The economy of the use of sciences and technology, as well as the science and technology of economy, is given equal focus.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      January 1996

      Advances in Mathematical Programming and financial planning

      by Kenneth D. Lawrence, John B. GuerardJr., Gary R. Reeves

      This is the fourth volume in a series which discusses advances in mathematical programming and financial planning.

    • Science & Mathematics
      July 2000

      Advances in Taxation

      by Thomas M. Porcano

      "Advances in Taxation" publishes articles dealing with all aspects of taxation. Articles can address tax policy issues at the federal, state, local, or international level. The series primarily publishes empirical studies that address compliance, computer usage, education, legal, planning, or policy issues. These studies generally involve interdisciplinary research that incorporates theories from accounting, economics, finance, psychology, and/or sociology. Although empirical studies are primarily published, analytical and historical manuscripts are also welcome.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      March 2000

      Community Politics and Policy

      by Gwen Moore, J.Allen Whitt, Nancy Kleniewski, Gordana Rabrenovic

      This volume represents an attempt to link the theories and research of an interdisciplinary group of urbanists with the practical applications that scholars can help institute in the community. The articles in "Neighbourhood Politics", analyze political forces within local communities and their intersection with policy decisions about economic development. Those in "Community and Identity" examine the ways in which individuals are shaped by and respond to changing economic conditions in their communities. In "Perspectives on Community Issues and Policies" the authors explore the specific cases of child development, education reform and rent control policies as outcomes of contested or problematic community relations. The articles in "Information technology and Community Development" discuss models of community development linked to community networks. In "Institutional Support for Community Building" the authors show how the institutions of religion and higher education have the potential to strengthen local community development. Several of these papers were presented in an earlier form at meetings of the Urban Affairs Association in Toronto, USA (1997) or Fort Worth, USA (1998).

    • Science & Mathematics
      November 2007

      Empirical Methods for Bioethics

      A Primer

      by Liva Jacoby, Laura A. Siminoff, Robert Baker, Wayne N. Shelton

      In recent years concerns over the use of results of scientific advances, expectations about how medical decisions are made, and demographic changes have raised ethical questions about how resources are allocated, and how the principles of beneficence, and respect for patient autonomy are applied. The effect that bioethics can have on policy decisions and health care delivery demand an enhanced approach to our understanding of such complex issues. This volume opens a window to how empirical social research can be used to illuminate and answer such quandaries and offers a practical resource for those wishing to engage in this type of research. Through a thorough look at both quantitative and qualitative methods utilized in key research investigations in bioethics, the book examines the impact of such investigations on clinical and policy decision-making, scholarship and on the advancement of theory. The varied sociological and anthropological research examples that are presented allow readers to better understand the richness and breadth of such work as well as relevant practical and theoretical approaches. Last, but not least, the book aims to stimulate further discussion of avenues toward a more solid integration of bioethics and empirical social research and, in that process, further our understanding of the complex bioethical environment surrounding us. This book offers insights into clinical and policy implications of empirical research, enhances understanding of methodologies as applied to bioethics. It is comprehensive - gives a range of examples of empirical bioethics studies, interdisciplinary - geared to a wide audience and a reference source - includes a large number of references.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      January 2000

      European Monetary Union Banking Issues

      Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

      by H. Peter Gray, Irene Finel-Honigman

      The EMU and the Euro are transforming European banking institutions, regulations, performance, and bank-state relationships. This book analyzes these dynamic challenges and processes. It presents contemporary and historical perspectives to guide an informed understanding of European banks, banking culture, and the role of the banking sector in the EMU's new financial and competitive environment.

    • Science & Mathematics
      May 2000

      January Effect and Other Seasonal Anomalies

      A Common Theoretical Framework

      by Marc J. Epstein, Arline A. Savage, Anthony J. CataldoII

      This book applies John Maynard Keynes' theory of investor liquidity preferences to the examination of the stock market literature on the January effect and other seasonal anomalies. Keynes' theory provides a common theoretical framework and represents a paradigm shift for the examination of all seasonals. An extensive literature review is provided along with identification and empirical examinations of the intergenerational transfers hypothesis, special closings of the New York Stock Exchange, tax (estimated tax) payment effects, and an historical/contemporary retail merchandising industry seasonal. Databases used for empirical tests include the Stock Index and Market Seasonals (SIMS) database, the Cowles Index and contemporary Standards and Poor's counterparts, and the Internal Revenue Service's Statistic of Income public use file.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      December 2000

      Marginal Employment

      by Randy Hodson

      This volume will provide students and researchers alike with a solid grounding both in traditional aspects of marginality and in the increasing important topics of part-time and contingent work. The reader will have the opportunity to learn more about the growing range and diversity of marginal employment in the contemporary economy, the hardships and unique challenges of marginal employment, and the new and creative matches between people and jobs that are currently being explored outside traditional full-time employment relationships.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      September 1997

      New Essays on Abortion and Bioethics

      by Rem B. Edwards, Edward Bittar, Rem B. Edwards

      Anthologies on abortion and general medical ethics texts often seem to recycle the same old, but good, arguments. Can anything new be said about this sensitive and contentious topic? Contributors to this volume were invited to say something original, as well as something old, but essential about the factual, valuational, religious and metaphysical issues relevant to abortion, all of which are woven together so intricately into our diverse and seemingly irreconcilable world-views. Essays in this volume consider the conceptual links between views on abortion and foetal development, abortion procedures, religion, laws and public funding (or no funding) policies. Authors also defend well-defined and differentiated positions on abortion that can broadly be described as the Roman Catholic, the Conservative, the Moderate and the Liberal positions. "New Essays on Abortion and Bioethics" will provide readers with useful models of critical and rational thinking for addressing the topic of abortion. The essays will help to illuminate a subject about which there is often too much heat and too little light.

    • Science & Mathematics
      February 2001

      Postmodern Malpractice

      A Medical Case Study in The Culture War

      by Colleen D. Clements, Edward Bittar

      In this work, Colleen Clements presents her case for the need to subject the field of bioethics to a critical external analysis apart from the current postmodern assumptions. Clements argues that, since the 1970s, bioethics has refuted human values in favour of political consensus building. This failure to recognize basic human values in the ethical critique of modern medicine has lead to a dehumanization of the medical system by the field. Clements proceeds to advocate a naturalistic theory of bioethics that reinstates primary human values.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 1998

      Research in Science and Technology Studies

      Knowledge Systems

      by Shirley Gorenstein

      This study of science and technology looks at knowledge systems. Topics covered include: mapping encounters and (en)countering maps - a critical examination of cartographic resistance; the intricacies of technology transfer - travel as mode and method; and science, local knowledge and community.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      January 1987

      Researching Social Processes in the Laboratory

      by Carl J. Couch

      Contemporary Studies in Sociology

    • Science & Mathematics
      June 2005

      Taking Life and Death Seriously

      Bioethics from Japan

      by Takao Takahashi, Edward Bittar, Wayne N. Shelton

      Full-scale Bioethics research began in America around 1970, a decade later America introduced it into Japan. More recently Japanese researchers have realised the growing necessity to evaluate Bioethics more objectively. The principles and policies concerning Bioethics differ between countries. In particular, considerable discrepancies have been occurring between Japanese medical practices and the principles of Bioethics originally imported from America. This has lead to the need for a close investigation into the Japanese approach to Bioethics. Despite this however, there are currently only a few researchers studying the Japanese approach to Bioethics. This interdisciplinary anthology uniquely provides a significant examination of the Bioethics from Japan by considering Japanese views from various aspects, such as life and death, dignity, family and care. The authors of this volume believe that in establishing their own approach to Bioethics each country will increase the practicality of this discipline and, by doing so, will aid the search for the universal elements in Bioethics. The members of the Kumamoto University Bioethics Research Group have published a number of books on Bioethics in Japan over the past decade and in doing so have been preparing for the production of this anthology. The contributors of this volume are both current and former faculty members at Kumamoto University; a well-known institute for Minamata Disease and the volume contains essays written specifically in relation to this area of research.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      December 2000

      Technology

      by Terri L. Griffith

      This third volume in the series presents research on technology as either a tool or context for groups and teams. The volume is more broad than some other treatments of technology and groups. Thirteen chapters by leaders from both organizational behavior and information technology present management issues from two critical perspectives: groups and teams in evolving high-tech contexts (e.g., high precision manufacturing, computer virus assessment, space shuttle mission control, minimally invasive cardiac surgery); and leading edge research on technology for communication and knowledge management within groups and teams. The latter including research on virtual teams, adaptive structuration theory, conflict management, and the management of status and deception in electronic mail. Each chapter presents a unique view of groups and teams in modern organizational environments. Readers in the fields of management, organizational behavior, management information systems, information technology, social psychology, technology management and engineering will find useful results and interpretations for both research and practice. The summary chapter by Professor Linda Argote provides an integration and starting point for future assessments of technology, groups, and teams.

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