• Chiropody & podiatry

      A Guide to Research for Podiatrists

      by Jackie. Campbell

      It is constantly suggested that, as podiatrists, we need to research, but what does this really mean? This question can be particularly problematic in a profession such as podiatry, where there has not been a strong research basis for our practice in the past. Information is no longer accepted at face value, but instead is scrutinised, criticised, questioned and used to raise other questions. Podiatrists are being prepared to understand, use and undertake their own research. The book will appeal to podiatry practitioners, lecturers and students. It is based on a popular series of articles that appeared in Podiatry Now, which have been updated and edited into this stand-alone resource.

    • Fiction
      November 2011

      Code Blood

      by Kurt Kamm

      Colt Lewis, a rookie fire paramedic, is obsessed with finding the severed foot of his first victim after she dies in his arms. His search takes him into the connected lives of a graduate research student, with the rarest blood in the world and the vampire fetishist who is stalking her. Within the corridors of high-stakes medical research laboratories, the shadow world of body parts dealers, and the underground Goth clubs of Los Angeles, Lewis uncovers a tangled maze of needles, drugs and maniacal ritual, all of which lead to death. But whose death? An unusual and fast-paced LA Noir thriller.

    • Human-computer interaction
      June 2011

      Simulation-based Medical Training

      A User-Centred Design Perspective

      by Author(s): Erik Lövquist

      This volume explores the development process of a Virtual Reality (VR) and web-based medical training system from a user-centred perspective. It highlights the importance of user participation in this context by analysing two case studies concerned with the development of a VR and web-based medical training system for Spinal Anaesthesia.It illustrates the relationship between user participation and the development process of a VR and web-based medical training system. User groups, along with their input and degrees of participation and influence, are classified. It shows how a democratic arrangement between users and developers is beneficial and maybe even mandatory in order to utilise the users’ guidance efficiently. In this arrangement, the use of prototypes is instrumental in bridging the expertise and knowledge gap between users and developers.Reading this volume may aid other research teams developing VR and web-based medical training systems in deciding if, why and how to involve relevant user groups in the overall development process.

    • Biology, life sciences
      October 2014

      Medical and Applied Malacology Crossing Boundaries

      Integrative Approaches to Malacology

      by Editor(s): Ana Rita de Toledo Piza, Lenita de Freitas Tallarico, Gisele Orlandi Introíni and Sonia Barbosa dos Santos

      This book provides an overview of the XI International Congress on Medical and Applied Malacology: “Crossing Boundaries: Integrative Approaches to Malacology”. The event was held at the State University of Rio de Janeiro between the 25th and 29th of September 2012.A number of the plenary lecturers from the conference were invited to contribute their papers to these proceedings, as were speakers whose papers were eligible for student awards. The volume contains articles on bioprospecting methods; medical malacology; aquaculture; biomonitoring; alien species; reproductive and developmental biology; interdisciplinary teaching and education; and trends in malacological research.The information contained here will convey to the general public the importance of mollusks to human and animal health, as well as their applications in various areas of knowledge.

    • Physiology
      September 2013

      Vascular Function and Structure in the Rat Aorta

      by Author(s): Keith Wan Kee Ng

      One of the inevitable consequences of ageing is the progressive widening of pulse pressure resulting from stiffening of large arteries. While a large body of literature has been devoted to understanding blood pressure, a parameter proven to be predictive of cardiovascular health, very few books are devoted to explaining arterial stiffening, how it worsens, and why is it important for physicians to consider arterial stiffening when treating resistant hypertension. This book fills this gap. The fundamental purpose of this book is to systematically explain the pathophysiology behind arterial stiffness, to relate arterial stiffness with high blood pressure, and also to draw insights into the management of arterial stiffness from the current clinical and experimental research evidence in the field.Set out systematically, the book provides a readable and concise introduction to arterial stiffness and progressively moves into explaining more complex theoretical and experimental developments in the area. The book is designed such that each chapter largely answers a particular scientific question – covering the most up-to-date research information, investigations, and summaries and conclusions relating to the initial question. Future directions and research opportunities in the field are also covered.The book covers the most recent in vivo assessments of aortic stiffness in different phenotypes by measuring local haemodynamic parameters, pulse wave velocity, and pulse pressure amplification. Furthermore, the book relates ex vivo arterial structural properties and explains how they are relevant to arterial stiffness measurement, while also analysing recent pharmacological treatments of hypertension and assessing if these treatments have any effect on arterial stiffness in addition to treating blood pressure alone. Finally, the text offers a summary and appraisal of the methodologies used in experimental quantification of arterial stiffness.

    • Medical research
      January 2015

      Community, Autonomy and Informed Consent

      Revisiting the Philosophical Foundation for Informed Consent in International Research

      by Author(s): Pamela J. Lomelino

      In using the example of informed consent guidelines for international research on human subjects, this book demonstrates one of the many useful ways that philosophy can be used to move from theory to praxis by providing a general picture of how a philosophical analysis of underlying concepts can affect the way that public policy is framed; the ways that such policies are exclusionary; and a general methodology for remedying injustices in public policy and practice once they have been identified.With diseases, such as AIDS, reaching epidemic proportions in less developed countries, medical research on human subjects in these areas is on the rise. Current international guidelines for research on human subjects stress the importance of informed consent, which is meant to ensure that people freely choose whether to participate in research trials. In an effort to be more globally applicable, many current international ethical guidelines for informed consent in research on human subjects attempt to incorporate community in the informed consent process. This book explains how these attempts encounter two primary problems: (1) they fail to adequately acknowledge the importance community has for many people in less developed countries; and (2) they fail to attend to the constraints to autonomy that oftentimes become magnified once community is involved in the informed consent process. The reason for these shortcomings can be traced to the current account of autonomy reflected in international informed consent guidelines, which is here referred to as the traditional account of autonomy. Although traditional autonomy can account for what this book defines as external constraints to autonomy, it is unequipped to recognize the internal constraints which arise in the medical context. In order to adequately recognize the importance of community in autonomy and to attend to internal constraints to autonomy, it is essential to adopt an account of relational autonomy. Using such a relational autonomy account, the book provides a set of minimally sufficient ethical conditions that can assist policy makers in revising international informed consent guidelines in research on human subjects, so that these guidelines better attend to community involvement in the informed consent process. To demonstrate how these conditions might be used, the book also presents examples of possible revisions to the CIOMS Ethical Guidelines, one of the leading international ethical guidelines for research on human subjects.

    • Human-computer interaction
      June 2011

      Simulation-based Medical Training

      A User-Centred Design Perspective

      by Author(s): Erik Lövquist

      This volume explores the development process of a Virtual Reality (VR) and web-based medical training system from a user-centred perspective. It highlights the importance of user participation in this context by analysing two case studies concerned with the development of a VR and web-based medical training system for Spinal Anaesthesia.It illustrates the relationship between user participation and the development process of a VR and web-based medical training system. User groups, along with their input and degrees of participation and influence, are classified. It shows how a democratic arrangement between users and developers is beneficial and maybe even mandatory in order to utilise the users’ guidance efficiently. In this arrangement, the use of prototypes is instrumental in bridging the expertise and knowledge gap between users and developers.Reading this volume may aid other research teams developing VR and web-based medical training systems in deciding if, why and how to involve relevant user groups in the overall development process.

    • Physiology
      September 2013

      Vascular Function and Structure in the Rat Aorta

      by Author(s): Keith Wan Kee Ng

      One of the inevitable consequences of ageing is the progressive widening of pulse pressure resulting from stiffening of large arteries. While a large body of literature has been devoted to understanding blood pressure, a parameter proven to be predictive of cardiovascular health, very few books are devoted to explaining arterial stiffening, how it worsens, and why is it important for physicians to consider arterial stiffening when treating resistant hypertension. This book fills this gap. The fundamental purpose of this book is to systematically explain the pathophysiology behind arterial stiffness, to relate arterial stiffness with high blood pressure, and also to draw insights into the management of arterial stiffness from the current clinical and experimental research evidence in the field.Set out systematically, the book provides a readable and concise introduction to arterial stiffness and progressively moves into explaining more complex theoretical and experimental developments in the area. The book is designed such that each chapter largely answers a particular scientific question – covering the most up-to-date research information, investigations, and summaries and conclusions relating to the initial question. Future directions and research opportunities in the field are also covered.The book covers the most recent in vivo assessments of aortic stiffness in different phenotypes by measuring local haemodynamic parameters, pulse wave velocity, and pulse pressure amplification. Furthermore, the book relates ex vivo arterial structural properties and explains how they are relevant to arterial stiffness measurement, while also analysing recent pharmacological treatments of hypertension and assessing if these treatments have any effect on arterial stiffness in addition to treating blood pressure alone. Finally, the text offers a summary and appraisal of the methodologies used in experimental quantification of arterial stiffness.

    • Biology, life sciences
      October 2014

      Medical and Applied Malacology Crossing Boundaries

      Integrative Approaches to Malacology

      by Editor(s): Ana Rita de Toledo Piza, Lenita de Freitas Tallarico, Gisele Orlandi Introíni and Sonia Barbosa dos Santos

      This book provides an overview of the XI International Congress on Medical and Applied Malacology: “Crossing Boundaries: Integrative Approaches to Malacology”. The event was held at the State University of Rio de Janeiro between the 25th and 29th of September 2012.A number of the plenary lecturers from the conference were invited to contribute their papers to these proceedings, as were speakers whose papers were eligible for student awards. The volume contains articles on bioprospecting methods; medical malacology; aquaculture; biomonitoring; alien species; reproductive and developmental biology; interdisciplinary teaching and education; and trends in malacological research.The information contained here will convey to the general public the importance of mollusks to human and animal health, as well as their applications in various areas of knowledge.

    • Medical research
      January 2015

      Community, Autonomy and Informed Consent

      Revisiting the Philosophical Foundation for Informed Consent in International Research

      by Author(s): Pamela J. Lomelino

      In using the example of informed consent guidelines for international research on human subjects, this book demonstrates one of the many useful ways that philosophy can be used to move from theory to praxis by providing a general picture of how a philosophical analysis of underlying concepts can affect the way that public policy is framed; the ways that such policies are exclusionary; and a general methodology for remedying injustices in public policy and practice once they have been identified.With diseases, such as AIDS, reaching epidemic proportions in less developed countries, medical research on human subjects in these areas is on the rise. Current international guidelines for research on human subjects stress the importance of informed consent, which is meant to ensure that people freely choose whether to participate in research trials. In an effort to be more globally applicable, many current international ethical guidelines for informed consent in research on human subjects attempt to incorporate community in the informed consent process. This book explains how these attempts encounter two primary problems: (1) they fail to adequately acknowledge the importance community has for many people in less developed countries; and (2) they fail to attend to the constraints to autonomy that oftentimes become magnified once community is involved in the informed consent process. The reason for these shortcomings can be traced to the current account of autonomy reflected in international informed consent guidelines, which is here referred to as the traditional account of autonomy. Although traditional autonomy can account for what this book defines as external constraints to autonomy, it is unequipped to recognize the internal constraints which arise in the medical context. In order to adequately recognize the importance of community in autonomy and to attend to internal constraints to autonomy, it is essential to adopt an account of relational autonomy. Using such a relational autonomy account, the book provides a set of minimally sufficient ethical conditions that can assist policy makers in revising international informed consent guidelines in research on human subjects, so that these guidelines better attend to community involvement in the informed consent process. To demonstrate how these conditions might be used, the book also presents examples of possible revisions to the CIOMS Ethical Guidelines, one of the leading international ethical guidelines for research on human subjects.

    • Medical research
      May 2009

      Research Methods for Health Care Practice

      by Griffiths, Frances

      A step-by-step guide to planning and carrying out research to improve professional practice.

    • Medical research
      May 2009

      Service-User Research in Health and Social Care

      by McLaughlin, Hugh

      The first book to tackle the importance of service user involvement in health and social welfare

    • Medical research
      December 2009

      Introductory Statistics for Health and Nursing Using SPSS

      by Marston, Louise

      Specifically written for students in the health sciences, this book covers simple statistical concepts and then shows how to analyse data using SPSS.

    • Medical research
      March 2014

      Statistics for Healthcare Professionals

      An Introduction

      by Scott, Ian

      'This is a really good text which will support students through their dissertation proposal and project. It covers statistics in a simple understandable way' - Mrs Pamela Williams, School of Human & Health Sciences, Huddersfield University

    • Medicine
      November 2002

      Historical and Current Perspectives on Stress and Health

      by Pamela L. Perrewe, Daniel C. Ganster

      This is an annual research series devoted to the examination of occupational stress, health and well being, with particular emphasis on the multi-disciplinary nature of occupational stress. The intent is to pull together the various streams of research from a variety of disciplines to better capture the significant bodies of work in occupational stress and well being. It provides a multidisciplinary and international perspective that gives a thorough and critical assessment of issues in occupational stress and well being. The theme for this volume, "Historical and Current Perspectives on Stress and Health" focuses on two main concerns: historical as well as current perspectives to occupational stress research and an emphasis on the healthy individual and organization.

    • Medical research
      February 2018

      Writing Research Proposals in the Health Sciences

      A Step-by-step Guide

      by Schneider, Zevia

      This is the ideal step-by-step guide on how to write successful research proposals in the health sciences, whether it is for a thesis or dissertation review committee, an ethical review committee or a grant funding committee.

    • Medical research
      February 2018

      Writing Research Proposals in the Health Sciences

      A Step-by-step Guide

      by Schneider, Zevia

      This is the ideal step-by-step guide on how to write successful research proposals in the health sciences, whether it is for a thesis or dissertation review committee, an ethical review committee or a grant funding committee.

    • Medical research
      March 2018

      Qualitative Methods for Health Research

      by Green, Judith

      "A thoughtful, thorough and readable account of the history and current practice of qualitative research in health." - Louise Keogh, Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne

    • Medical research
      March 2018

      Qualitative Methods for Health Research

      by Green, Judith

      "A thoughtful, thorough and readable account of the history and current practice of qualitative research in health." - Louise Keogh, Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne

    • Medical research
      April 2000

      Women in Medicine

      Getting In, Growing, and Advancing

      by Bickel, Janet

      Women in Medicine is a concise, practical resource for anyone considering a medical career, but especially women. Drawing on all the best available literature and the experience of thousands of women doctors, the book covers: getting into medical school; overcoming gender stereotypes; finding a mentor; combining parenting with a career; and maximising career development. The author also offers tips on building key professional skills, and a self-diagnostic section for readers who are preparing to begin a medical career.

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