• Political economy
      January 2014

      How Numbers Rule the World

      The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics

      by Lorenzo Fioramonti

      Numbers dominate global politics and, as a result, our everyday lives. Credit ratings steer financial markets and can make or break the future of entire nations. GDP drives our economies. Stock market indices flood our media and national debates. Statistical calculations define how we deal with climate change, poverty and sustainability. But what is behind these numbers? In How Numbers Rule the World, Lorenzo Fioramonti reveals the hidden agendas underpinning the use of statistics and those who control them. Most worryingly, he shows how numbers have been used as a means to reinforce the grip of markets on our social and political life, curtailing public participation and rational debate. An innovative and timely exposé of the politics, power and contestation of numbers.

    • Environmental economics
      May 2011

      Labels of Origin for Food

      Local Development, Global Recognition

      by Gilles Allaire, Erik Thévenod-Mottet, Filippo Arfini, Sophie Reviron, Angela Tregear, Giovanni Belletti, Dominique Barjolle, Denis Sautier, Andrea Marescotti, Ana I Sanjuán, Julien Frayssignes, Claudio Montanari. Edited by Elizabeth Barham, Bertil Sylvander.

      Agri-food traditional, regional and typical products are an important resource for agricultural and rural development in many areas of the European Union. These Origin Labelled Products (OLPs) activate a complex system of relationships involving the local production and marketing and distribution systems, rural development dynamics and the consumer. Based on research conducted in European countries, this book provides an account of the current state of OLPs, enabling a better understanding of their characteristics and evolution in the agri-food system. It also assesses public policies at various levels and the effects of legal protection, financial support and public promotional initiatives on those involved, and consumers’ and citizens’ concerns and expectations.

    • Geography & the Environment
      February 2018

      Recycling & Waste World

      by Various

      Every month, RWW champions its reader through its independent insight, informed opinion and thought leadership content. RWW’s readers are the senior decision-makers from commercial organisations, national and local government, material processors and SMEs, who each play a vital role in moving the UK closer towards a circular economy. RWW’s essential news, analysis and stimulating debate, inspire and connects this community.

    • Sociology
      October 2010

      Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies

      by Editor(s): Tomasz Gacek and Jadwiga Pstrusińska

      This is an important book which will greatly aid readers in their knowledge of Central Asia, one of the crucial regions in the contemporary world. It contains papers reflecting the interdisciplinary quality of recent research carried out in many academic institutions dealing with the region.In this volume, which undertakes the supreme challenge of understanding this vast area of Eurasia, acknowledged experts offer their findings on such important topics as history, archaeology, sociology, anthropology, language, literature, religion, philosophy, civil society and human rights, political science, economics and the environment.This collection undoubtedly constitutes a key gateway to study of the region through the advanced, accurate and scholarly information required by contemporary academia.

    • Environmental economics
      October 2014

      Development, Environment and Sustainable Livelihood

      by Editor(s): Soumyendra Kishore Datta, Atanu Sengupta

      This book is the outcome of an international conference held in the Department of Economics, Burdwan University, in 2013. The major part of the conference had been related to development, environment and livelihood issues which are also in some way linked to the theme of the ongoing DRS project in the Department, pertaining to issues on rural livelihood.The achievement of higher economic growth is one of the principal objectives of current government policies, and involves intensive resource development programmes with equitable access and distribution of output. It is a great challenge for developing countries and the only vehicle which can bring these countries out of poverty. India’s development path is based on its unique resource endowments. As a welfare state, its overriding priority lies in generating its citizens’ wellbeing with the multifarious programmes of eradicating poverty through providing means of earning income for a sustainable livelihood. While a number of programmes have been undertaken by the Government with the aim of eliminating poverty, the purpose of generating an all-round enhanced livelihood opportunity based on the creation of an improved ambience is only partially served by such programmes. The recent focus, therefore, has been on the assets/processes/activity framework concerned with not only poverty reduction, but also promoting sustainable livelihood enhancing strategies and access to assets like human capital, physical assets, social capital, financial capital and natural capital. In terms of the sustainable livelihood framework, livelihood comprises the activities, the assets, the capabilities and the access that combine to determine the standard of living attainable for an individual. A livelihood is deemed to be sustainable when it can absorb unforeseen shocks and recover from stresses and uncertainties, while maintaining or enhancing the capability and asset base both at present and for future periods without distorting the natural resources and creating social unrest. This book is composed of seventeen papers covering the socio- developmental aspects and natural resources connected with the concept of sustainable livelihood, as well as livelihood issues intimately linked with the farm and non-farm sectors and impacted by gender aspect.

    • The environment
      March 2015

      Global Climate Change, Environment and Energy

      Global Challenges and Opportunities to Global Stability

      by Editor(s): Filiz Katman

      Global climate change is the result of the combination of natural climate change and man-made climate change that, directly or indirectly, damages global atmosphere components observed over a comparable time period. It has both a direct and an indirect impact on the earth. Despite its overwhelmingly negative connotations, it also brings about opportunities such as the possibility of a green economy.This book covers both sides of this debate in providing comprehensive information concerning climate change, environment and energy. It is composed of several articles discussing these issues from a multidimensional perspective and elaborating upon their interdependence. The articles collected here are based upon contributions to the International Symposium on Global Climate Change, Environment and Energy: Global Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainability, hosted by the Istanbul Aydin University Energy Politics and Markets Research Centre on 25 April 2011. The aim of the conference, which is reflected in this volume, was to fulfil the responsibility owed to the earth and to humanity.

    • Microeconomics
      March 2012

      Demand, Supply and Welfare Aspects of Pipe-borne Water in Sri Lanka

      by Author(s): Dinusha Dharmaratna

      Water institutions establish the incentives, information, and compulsions that guide behaviour and influence economic outcomes. Water pricing policies that reflect the marginal cost of supply can bring about several positive benefits in the pipe-borne water sector including: 1) greater water use efficiency; 2) an increase in revenues that can be utilised to improve services; and 3) additional funds to enhance and expand the operation and maintenance of pipe-borne water supply systems. In order to design an appropriate pricing policy and bring about these positive changes, managers of pipe-borne water supply systems require an understanding of the determinants of water demand, supply and welfare changes. Further, the use of economic methodologies to estimate the effects of factors that influence pipe-borne water demand, supply and welfare in developing nations can assist water utility operators and policy makers to predict consumption responses to changes in water pricing. In turn, this provides important evidence for these decision makers to determine if price changes will result in higher revenues that can be used to fund critical infrastructure extension and maintenance. This is particularly important for developing nations where revenue constraints on water authorities can limit access to pipe-borne water supplies for large sections of the population.This book identifies under-pricing as the major problem faced by the Sri Lankan pipe-borne water sector. Recently, the water authority in Sri Lanka restructured its pricing strategy for pipe-borne water with the objectives of reducing water consumption and expanding the network. However, the success of the current pricing structure in achieving these objectives is uncertain. Therefore, to overcome the problems, this study examines the use of cost-reflective alternative pricing strategies for pipe-borne water distribution services. The book evaluates current and alternative pricing strategies for water against the criteria of efficiency and equity while maintaining the financial viability of the national water utility. In order to analyse the welfare impacts, understanding the demand for pipe-borne water by different user groups and the cost of pipe-borne water provision must be considered.

    • Environmental economics
      November 2012

      Disasters and Cultural Stereotypes

      by Editor(s): Elya Tzaneva with Fang Sumei and Edwin Schmitt

      This volume is the second attempt by a joint international research team (consisting of Bulgarian, Chinese, Russian and American ethnologists) to contribute to the domain of ecological anthropology. The editors of and contributors to this collection share the understanding that catastrophic events challenge society to rework a specific methodology, and to activate a specific resource, to adapt to and cope with crises ecologically, socially and ideologically. The main aim of this volume is to reveal the important role of studying and taking into account the cultural stereotypes in this process. Through detailed analysis of different case studies, the contributors further generalize the definition of disasters and critical situations as situations that arise from the violation of a balance in individual and collective life, as any deviation from “normality” in the particular context of each discreet culture.This interpretation informs a structural grouping of the materials in this collection into three main parts. The section on “Cultural Responses to Natural and Biological Disasters” (specific case studies) follows the “Conceptualization of Cultural Knowledge about Disasters”. The contributors to the collection share the conviction that the ecology of social crises (presented in the volume’s third section on “Cultural Management of Social Crises”) is a valuable and necessary addition to the field of natural and technological, bio- and man-made disasters. They believe this is proved by the texts presented in this volume.The empirical data employed in the volume and the forms of disasters researched include materials from the Tibetan Pastoral area and the Pamir Plateau in Asia, the Rhodopes and Strandja Mountains in the Balkans, Macedonia and Central and Western Bulgaria, to ethnic minority areas in Central and Western China, Ukraine and Moldova.

    • Sociology
      October 2010

      Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies

      by Editor(s): Tomasz Gacek and Jadwiga Pstrusińska

      This is an important book which will greatly aid readers in their knowledge of Central Asia, one of the crucial regions in the contemporary world. It contains papers reflecting the interdisciplinary quality of recent research carried out in many academic institutions dealing with the region.In this volume, which undertakes the supreme challenge of understanding this vast area of Eurasia, acknowledged experts offer their findings on such important topics as history, archaeology, sociology, anthropology, language, literature, religion, philosophy, civil society and human rights, political science, economics and the environment.This collection undoubtedly constitutes a key gateway to study of the region through the advanced, accurate and scholarly information required by contemporary academia.

    • Environmental economics
      November 2012

      Disasters and Cultural Stereotypes

      by Editor(s): Elya Tzaneva with Fang Sumei and Edwin Schmitt

      This volume is the second attempt by a joint international research team (consisting of Bulgarian, Chinese, Russian and American ethnologists) to contribute to the domain of ecological anthropology. The editors of and contributors to this collection share the understanding that catastrophic events challenge society to rework a specific methodology, and to activate a specific resource, to adapt to and cope with crises ecologically, socially and ideologically. The main aim of this volume is to reveal the important role of studying and taking into account the cultural stereotypes in this process. Through detailed analysis of different case studies, the contributors further generalize the definition of disasters and critical situations as situations that arise from the violation of a balance in individual and collective life, as any deviation from “normality” in the particular context of each discreet culture.This interpretation informs a structural grouping of the materials in this collection into three main parts. The section on “Cultural Responses to Natural and Biological Disasters” (specific case studies) follows the “Conceptualization of Cultural Knowledge about Disasters”. The contributors to the collection share the conviction that the ecology of social crises (presented in the volume’s third section on “Cultural Management of Social Crises”) is a valuable and necessary addition to the field of natural and technological, bio- and man-made disasters. They believe this is proved by the texts presented in this volume.The empirical data employed in the volume and the forms of disasters researched include materials from the Tibetan Pastoral area and the Pamir Plateau in Asia, the Rhodopes and Strandja Mountains in the Balkans, Macedonia and Central and Western Bulgaria, to ethnic minority areas in Central and Western China, Ukraine and Moldova.

    • Microeconomics
      March 2012

      Demand, Supply and Welfare Aspects of Pipe-borne Water in Sri Lanka

      by Author(s): Dinusha Dharmaratna

      Water institutions establish the incentives, information, and compulsions that guide behaviour and influence economic outcomes. Water pricing policies that reflect the marginal cost of supply can bring about several positive benefits in the pipe-borne water sector including: 1) greater water use efficiency; 2) an increase in revenues that can be utilised to improve services; and 3) additional funds to enhance and expand the operation and maintenance of pipe-borne water supply systems. In order to design an appropriate pricing policy and bring about these positive changes, managers of pipe-borne water supply systems require an understanding of the determinants of water demand, supply and welfare changes. Further, the use of economic methodologies to estimate the effects of factors that influence pipe-borne water demand, supply and welfare in developing nations can assist water utility operators and policy makers to predict consumption responses to changes in water pricing. In turn, this provides important evidence for these decision makers to determine if price changes will result in higher revenues that can be used to fund critical infrastructure extension and maintenance. This is particularly important for developing nations where revenue constraints on water authorities can limit access to pipe-borne water supplies for large sections of the population.This book identifies under-pricing as the major problem faced by the Sri Lankan pipe-borne water sector. Recently, the water authority in Sri Lanka restructured its pricing strategy for pipe-borne water with the objectives of reducing water consumption and expanding the network. However, the success of the current pricing structure in achieving these objectives is uncertain. Therefore, to overcome the problems, this study examines the use of cost-reflective alternative pricing strategies for pipe-borne water distribution services. The book evaluates current and alternative pricing strategies for water against the criteria of efficiency and equity while maintaining the financial viability of the national water utility. In order to analyse the welfare impacts, understanding the demand for pipe-borne water by different user groups and the cost of pipe-borne water provision must be considered.

    • Environmental economics
      October 2014

      Development, Environment and Sustainable Livelihood

      by Editor(s): Soumyendra Kishore Datta, Atanu Sengupta

      This book is the outcome of an international conference held in the Department of Economics, Burdwan University, in 2013. The major part of the conference had been related to development, environment and livelihood issues which are also in some way linked to the theme of the ongoing DRS project in the Department, pertaining to issues on rural livelihood.The achievement of higher economic growth is one of the principal objectives of current government policies, and involves intensive resource development programmes with equitable access and distribution of output. It is a great challenge for developing countries and the only vehicle which can bring these countries out of poverty. India’s development path is based on its unique resource endowments. As a welfare state, its overriding priority lies in generating its citizens’ wellbeing with the multifarious programmes of eradicating poverty through providing means of earning income for a sustainable livelihood. While a number of programmes have been undertaken by the Government with the aim of eliminating poverty, the purpose of generating an all-round enhanced livelihood opportunity based on the creation of an improved ambience is only partially served by such programmes. The recent focus, therefore, has been on the assets/processes/activity framework concerned with not only poverty reduction, but also promoting sustainable livelihood enhancing strategies and access to assets like human capital, physical assets, social capital, financial capital and natural capital. In terms of the sustainable livelihood framework, livelihood comprises the activities, the assets, the capabilities and the access that combine to determine the standard of living attainable for an individual. A livelihood is deemed to be sustainable when it can absorb unforeseen shocks and recover from stresses and uncertainties, while maintaining or enhancing the capability and asset base both at present and for future periods without distorting the natural resources and creating social unrest. This book is composed of seventeen papers covering the socio- developmental aspects and natural resources connected with the concept of sustainable livelihood, as well as livelihood issues intimately linked with the farm and non-farm sectors and impacted by gender aspect.

    • The environment
      March 2015

      Global Climate Change, Environment and Energy

      Global Challenges and Opportunities to Global Stability

      by Editor(s): Filiz Katman

      Global climate change is the result of the combination of natural climate change and man-made climate change that, directly or indirectly, damages global atmosphere components observed over a comparable time period. It has both a direct and an indirect impact on the earth. Despite its overwhelmingly negative connotations, it also brings about opportunities such as the possibility of a green economy.This book covers both sides of this debate in providing comprehensive information concerning climate change, environment and energy. It is composed of several articles discussing these issues from a multidimensional perspective and elaborating upon their interdependence. The articles collected here are based upon contributions to the International Symposium on Global Climate Change, Environment and Energy: Global Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainability, hosted by the Istanbul Aydin University Energy Politics and Markets Research Centre on 25 April 2011. The aim of the conference, which is reflected in this volume, was to fulfil the responsibility owed to the earth and to humanity.

    • The environment

      The Green Investing Handbook

      A Detailed Investment Guide to the Technologies and Companies Involved in the Sustainability Revolution

      by Nick Hanna

      There is a huge change taking place as the world moves inexorably towards a low-carbon economy. 'The Green Investing Handbook' is aimed at the investor looking to profit from this global transition.The book provides a detailed overview of the investment opportunities emerging in the companies behind these environmental technologies and services. It covers the standout firms operating in all the key green technology sectors, the trends of each sector and the industry as a whole, as well as the most important or promising green funds, ETFs and private equity funds.The book delivers both demystifying explanations of the intricate technology at the heart of the green revolution, as well as providing comprehensive investment insight. It is designed to help the investor to make better-informed decisions when engaging with these complex, innovative and rapidly growing industries. And it does so whether you are interested in investing through equities, direct investment or funds.The ten sectors covered in depth are:- Solar power - Wind power - Marine energy - Geothermal - Power storage - Smart grids - Hydrogen and fuel cells - Green transport - Green buildings - Waste and energy resourcesEach chapter breaks down the trends and technology of the relevant sector, as well as its past performance, and looks at key advice and expert opinion on where they are headed. Notable company activity, technological development and government support is detailed throughout.The second half of the handbook is dedicated to a comprehensive directory of over 150 green companies, covering performance snapshots and overviews. The activities of each are featured in turn, with important developments and key features covered. The directory also includes green funds - their size, strategies, charges and managers, and their manager's comments. The details of green private equity firms, ETFs and indices, as well as a bank of resources, round out this one-stop reference section giving you everything you need to start investing in the sustainability revolution.

    • Environmental economics
      August 2017

      Understanding Women’s Land Rights

      Gender Discrimination in Ownership

      by Chowdhry, Prem

      Seeks to evaluate why few women own land, and even fewer effectively control it by relating it to the gender unequal laws/ policies.

    • Environmental economics
      August 2017

      Understanding Women’s Land Rights

      Gender Discrimination in Ownership

      by Chowdhry, Prem

      Seeks to evaluate why few women own land, and even fewer effectively control it by relating it to the gender unequal laws/ policies.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      October 2017

      Green Economy in the Western Balkans

      Towards a Sustainable Future

      by Sanda Renko, Almir Pestek

      This multidisciplinary approach to the Western Balkans addresses topics from responsible business and ethics, innovation, corporate social responsibility, and new technology to human resources management. It is a theoretical and practical guide towards a sustainable future for the Western Balkans, showing drivers and barriers affecting the region in its effort to green its economy, and provides a systematic and holistic overview and critical examination of the situation in the region. Chapters explore a review of the literature and developing theory, and report empirical procedures. If the Western Balkan countries are following the industrialised states of Western Europe—which are now keen to develop in a sustainable manner, combining economic growth with social justice and improved environment—this work fills the growing need for more research and to expand the current knowledge base about environmental and development challenges, as well as the new, efficient and climate-neutral ‘Green Economy’ of this region.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      July 2000

      Environmental Taxation and the Double Dividend

      by R.A. de Mooij

      Environmental Taxation and the Double Dividend" explores the welfare effects of environmental taxes in a second-best framework. It starts from a benchmark model which reveals that environmental taxes typically exacerbate pre-existing tax distortions, even if the revenues are used to cut other distortionary taxes. Subsequent chapters extend the benchmark model by introducing capital, terms of trade effects, transfers, involuntary unemployment, or environmental feedbacks. Thus, the book reveals several channels through which a double-dividend can be obtained. However, it also shows the trade-offs they induce. Simulations with the models illustrate the importance of these trade-offs for European economies. This book is a useful tool for graduates, post graduates, researchers and staff of universities with fiscal and environmental departments. International organizations such as the IMF, OECD and the World Bank, and policy makers within governments: Ministries of Finance/Economics/Environment. Research Institutes, both private and public will also benefit from this piece of work.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      September 2015

      Climate Change, Culture, and Economics

      Anthropological Investigations

      by Donald C. Wood, Donald C. Wood

      It is becoming increasingly difficult to deny that human activity is a factor in global climate change. This special volume of REA facilitates readers to better understand the ways in which people around the world have adapted (or failed to adapt) culturally to changing economic conditions caused by climate change. It focuses on specific situations in particular locations, showcasing (and confirming) the strength and value of intensive ethnographic or archaeological "investigation. The authors discuss: 1) How has climate change affected production, distribution, or consumption at the local level? 2) Are environmental conservation and economic development mutually exclusive? 3) What roles can public and private institutions play in successful adaptation? 4) What kinds of parallels can be drawn between current social situations and those in the past with regards to climate change?

    • Business, Economics & Law
      September 2016

      The Economics of Ecology, Exchange, and Adaptation

      Anthropological Explorations

      by Donald C. Wood

      This volume consists of three sections connected by the elucidation of differences in perspective between people and polities. The first, concentrating on ecology, serves in part to further explore the theme of climate change. It looks into aquifer usage and ecology in the Midwestern United States, farming and climate shifts in Costa Rica and in Burkina Faso, and goat herding and conservation issues in the Himalayas. The second section focuses on exchange transactions and relations in a variety of situations and settings: among Nigerian immigrant business owners in New York City, along the path of the famous Koh-i-noor Diamond from India to the Tower of London, and between dealers and buyers in illegal narcotics markets in the Eastern, Midwestern, and Pacific Northwestern USA. Finally, papers in the third section share a concern with individual and group adaptations to certain conditions of life. Offered are investigations into relations between stock brokers and professional investors in Malaysia, attempts to foster innovation in Western Japan, women’s farming strategies and autonomy in Western Kenya, and alternative healing decisions and practices in Brazil.

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