• Business, Economics & Law
      January 2015

      The Power of Thought and Wealth

      by Dina Marielle

      Self-development in personal finance and prosperity. This book will provide the readers useful ideas and tips to improve their personal economic and prosperity. Do you experience complex debt and growing pile of bills you can`t maintain? Do you want to clean up and streamline your expenses? Do you want to earn more money? Are you confronted with unrealized goals? Do you want to do something extraordinary and become really rich? Do you think wanting lots of money makes you greedy? Do you want better harmony and quality of life? This book is about you, your mind as well as improvements in finance and prosperity. Rightholder: dina.marielle@getmail.com All rights available, excluding English language rights. I am also lookin for agent representation.

    • Economic systems & structures

      Breaking Through—The Birth of China’s Opening-up Policy

      by Lanqing Li (author)

      With an unmistakable sense of reality, thorough attention to minute detail and rich philosophical thoughts, Breaking Through—The Birth of China’s Opening-up Policy amounts to a living history of contemporary China. To be more specific, it is a book on the opening-up policy, a profoundly significant and influential event in human history, perhaps the greatest revolution of our time. Li Lanqing, one of the important figures in these events, provides the narrative ordered by his own memory. Breaking Through honors the 30th anniversary of the reform and openingup policy by telling an exciting, dramatic, and personal story, using many pictures, documents, and sources that have not been seen before. A living history of contemporary China A realistic interpretation of China at dawn of opening up to the outside world An inside story with many pictures, documents and sources that have not been revealed to the public before

    • Development economics
      October 2015

      Crises of Microcredit

      by Isabelle Guérin, Marc Labie, Jean-Michel Servet

      Microcredit programmes, long considered efficient development tools, now face unprecedented crises in a number of countries. Is this the end of microcredit or rather an essential step in its expansion? Should we stop microcredit altogether or rethink the way it is implemented? Drawing on extensive empirical research conducted in various parts of the world - from Morocco to Senegal to India - this important volume examines the whole chain of microcredit to provide the answers to these questions. In doing so, the authors highlight the diversity of crises, both in intensity and in nature, while also shedding light on a diversity of causes, be it microcredit organizations unprepared for massive growth, saturated local economies or greedy investors and shareholders attracted by profits. Crucially, the authors demonstrate that microcredit is not a monolithic project, and the crises should also be analysed in the light of national histories and policies. An original and necessary intervention in what has become one of the most contentious topics within the development world.

    • Development economics
      June 2015

      Africa: Why Economists Get It Wrong

      by Morten Jerven

      Not so long ago, Africa was being described as the hopeless continent. Recently, though, talk has turned to Africa rising, with enthusiastic voices exclaiming the potential for economic growth across many of its countries. What, then, is the truth behind Africa’s growth, or lack of it? In this provocative book, Morten Jerven fundamentally reframes the debate, challenging mainstream accounts of African economic history. Whilst for the past two decades experts have focused on explaining why there has been a ‘chronic failure of growth’ in Africa, Jerven shows that most African economies have been growing at a rapid pace since the mid nineties. In addition, African economies grew rapidly in the fifties, the sixties, and even into the seventies. Thus, African states were dismissed as incapable of development based largely on observations made during the 1980s and early 1990s. The result has been misguided analysis, and few practical lessons learned. This is an essential account of the real impact economic growth has had on Africa, and what it means for the continent’s future.

    • Development economics
      April 2013

      Agricultural Markets in a Transitioning Economy

      An Albanian Case Study

      by Edited by Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk

      This book presents major challenges and opportunities facing agriculture sectors in the wake of the transition from a planned to market economy. Using Albania as a case study, it examines the shift from communism to free markets and the lasting effects of such change on agricultural production and education. Using primary research sources to give readers an accurate portrayal of the path that lies ahead for many developing countries, the book also looks at the future of agriculture in transitioning economies.

    • Development economics
      November 2011

      Restoring Community Connections to the Land

      Building Resilience through Community-based Rangeland Management in China and Mongolia

      by Edited by María E Fernández-Giménez, Xiaoyi Wang, Batkhishig Baival, Julia Klein, Robin Reid

      The rangelands of China and Mongolia encompass diverse landscapes of global environmental and cultural significance. Pastoralists in these two nations share much common history and tradition, including their nomadic heritage and twin eras of collectivized production under different centrally planned socialist regimes. This unique collection of case studies describes the change, loss, re-emergence and resilience of seven herder communities located in distinct socio-ecological settings ranging from the Gobi desert of Mongolia to the Tibetan Plateau regions of China's Sichuan and Gansu Provinces. Useful for policy makers within international development and conservation policy, this book is also of interest for researchers and students of rural economics and agriculture.

    • Development economics
      June 2011

      Vegetable Production and Marketing in Africa

      Socio-economic Research

      by Edited by Dagmar Mithöfer, Hermann Waibel.

      Vegetables are a significant component of agricultural farming systems in Africa and have recently moved into the focus of research organizations, development partners and policy makers. Beyond income generating opportunities for producers, vegetable production for domestic and export markets is an important driver for growth due to employment opportunities in production, processing and trade. Providing the latest socioeconomic research methodologies alongside empirical examples, this volume explores the potential for vegetable production to alleviate poverty, the impact of food production standards on various stakeholders, an assessment of markets and marketing potential for different crops and advanced economic approaches to production.

    • Development economics
      December 2009

      Next Rural Economies

      Constructing Rural Place in Global Economies

      by Neil Argent, Claire Aragau, Chris Bryant, Mary Cawley, Jean-Paul Charvet, Deborah Che, Owen Furuseth, Hugh Gayler, Lisa Harrington, Bruno Jean, Salma Loudiyi, Masatoshi Ouchi, Doug Ramsey, Bill Reimer, David Storey, Kelly Vodden, Nigel Walford, Mike Woods. Edited by Greg R Halseth, Sean Markey, David Bruce.

      Rural policy in industrialized countries is currently undergoing significant change. 'Place-based economies', where the unique attributes and assets of individual places determine their attractiveness for particular types of activities and investments, are increasingly important for rural development. The Next Rural Economies debates the future of rural development and highlights successes and failures to inform research, policy and community action. Case studies present discussions of the current state of rural community and economic restructuring and provide research and policy directions for constructing resilient and sustainable rural economies.

    • Development economics
      August 2009

      Agro-industries for Development

      by Edited by Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz

      The development of competitive agro-industries is crucial for creating employment and income opportunities as well as enhancing the demand for farm products. However, in order to avoid adverse effects to vulnerable countries and people, sound policies and strategies for fostering agro-industries are needed. This book has been developed from a meeting of policy makers, governments, UN technical agencies and agro-industry specialists. It addresses the strategies and actions required for improving agro-industrial competitiveness in ways that can contribute to broad-based economic development and poverty reduction. This book is a co-publication with FAO and UNIDO

    • Development economics
      July 2009

      Prioritizing Agricultural Research for Development

      Experiences and Lessons

      by Aliou Diagne, John Dixon, Keith O Fuglie, Peter Gardiner, Patti Kristjanson, Ronald Mackay, Victor M Manyong, Jupiter Ndjeunga, Kamel Shideed, Stanley Wood. Edited by David A Raitzer, George Norton.

      Systematic empirical analysis is needed to help guide limited public resources to those research areas that have the greatest potential to produce benefits for the poor and the environment. Focusing on priority setting practices utilised in different international agricultural research institutes, this book discusses real world experiences and innovations with priority assessment methods. Chapters present approaches that have been used to articulate, explore and assess impact pathways and research priorities, while also considering their strengths and weaknesses and drawing together methodological lessons.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      July 2018

      Degrowth in Tourism

      Conceptual, Theoretical and Philosophical Issues

      by Konstantinos Andriotis

      The modern-day world faces a hostile climate, depleted resources and the destruction of habitats. The dream that growth will lead to a materialistic utopia is left unfulfilled by a lack of ecological and economic capacity. The only choice is to find alternatives to increased growth, transform the structures and institutions currently shaping the world, change lifestyles and articulate a more credible vision for the future and lasting prosperity. As a reaction to the problems accrued by capitalism, new development approaches such as the concept of degrowth have evolved. Degrowth in Tourism explores newly-emerging development and philosophical approachesthat provide more equity for host communities and offer a low-carbon future by looking at alternatives to the classic models of development and applying the concept of degrowth in a tourism context. Proposing that we need to shift tourism research from models which prioritize commodified tourism experiences to those that offer alternative decommodified ones, this book: - Provides topical analysis and illustrates the key themes of degrowth; - Discusses the relationship between tourism and degrowth from both a historic perspective and through contemporary patterns of activity; - Includes international examples and case studies to translate theory into practical new approaches. A comprehensive review of the subject, this book will be of great interest to researchers and practitioners within tourism, development, environment and economics, as well as those specifically studying degrowth.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      April 2018

      Capacity Building for Sustainable Development

      by Valentine Udoh James

      Capacity building is a topic of intense focus in many industrialized countries. This book explores the theoretical underpinnings of capacity building to sustain the natural, cultural and human resources of communities. It reviews the extensive literature on capacity-building strategies and policies and examines the implications of sustainable development in communities around the world. The book's approach is both theoretical and applied. It offers methods of operationalizing sustainable development and sustainability theories and explores capacity building methods at different levels of government. Successful practices in non-governmental and governmental agency roles are examined. By considering the path towards embracing whole, or partial, sustainability, it provides a comprehensive analysis and examination of how to build capacity in tackling many development problems, especially those linked to infrastructure accumulation and land-use development. Contributors shed light on the overall impact of globalisation and many concepts related to sustainable development and sustainability of the economic socio-cultural and environmental systems. This book: · Examines the links between environment and sustainable development; · Provides models for capacity building; · Considers the role of globalization in sustainable development; · Renders a theoretical and applied examination of the issues; · Provides multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. This book is recommended for research libraries, for graduate studies in economic development, sustainable development, environmental management; and undergraduate studies relating to developing and emerging countries. It is also useful for government officials, researchers, decision makers and policy analysts involved in sustainable development.

    • Business, Economics & Law
      April 2014

      The Clusters Phenomenon in the Selected Central European Countries

      by Author(s): Magdalena Bialic-Davendra, Drahomíra Pavelková, Eva Vejmělková

      This book presents the current results of research conducted in the area of clusters and cluster policy development in Central European countries with a focus on Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Austria. It maps and compares the various conditions influencing cluster development in these selected countries from both the macro (policy, government) and the micro (cluster organisation) level, analyses good practices, and proposes a framework for cluster development in this region. Additionally, the depicted research provides a new perspective on the cluster issue, drawing attention to current trends such as the concept of inter-cluster cooperation and World-Class clusters. The book serves as a guide for successful cluster development, and is a source of valuable research concerning the issue of clusters in the specified region. Its findings will be beneficial both for clusters and institutions supporting their development. The recommendations presented in this volume will be useful for further cluster policy development and shaping the programmes of support for clusters for the new programming period in these countries. The practical findings contained here will also be beneficial in the academic sphere, and will provide assistance for teaching activities.

    • Sociology
      January 2015

      Income Justice in Ukraine

      A Factorial Survey Study

      by Author(s): Kseniia Gatskova

      This book presents the results of an empirical study of distributive justice attitudes in the post-Soviet, transforming society of Ukraine. The focus of this study is on the mechanisms of the formation of justice attitudes, which are explained within the methodological framework of analytical sociology.Two perspectives of research were applied in this study – a contextual and a comparative approach – in order to test the hypotheses stemming from a combination of the major statements of human capital, labor market, rational choice, socialization, adaptation, and cognitive dissonance theories, and the analysis of the current political and socio-economic situation in Ukraine. The innovative factorial survey method was applied as a measurement technique for people’s distributive justice attitudes.Bringing together fundamental theoretical statements on the nature of social justice and unique novel data on attitudes to justice, this study contributes to several research areas, including inequality studies and post-communist transformation research.

    • Environmental economics
      October 2014

      Development, Environment and Sustainable Livelihood

      by Editor(s): Soumyendra Kishore Datta, Atanu Sengupta

      This book is the outcome of an international conference held in the Department of Economics, Burdwan University, in 2013. The major part of the conference had been related to development, environment and livelihood issues which are also in some way linked to the theme of the ongoing DRS project in the Department, pertaining to issues on rural livelihood.The achievement of higher economic growth is one of the principal objectives of current government policies, and involves intensive resource development programmes with equitable access and distribution of output. It is a great challenge for developing countries and the only vehicle which can bring these countries out of poverty. India’s development path is based on its unique resource endowments. As a welfare state, its overriding priority lies in generating its citizens’ wellbeing with the multifarious programmes of eradicating poverty through providing means of earning income for a sustainable livelihood. While a number of programmes have been undertaken by the Government with the aim of eliminating poverty, the purpose of generating an all-round enhanced livelihood opportunity based on the creation of an improved ambience is only partially served by such programmes. The recent focus, therefore, has been on the assets/processes/activity framework concerned with not only poverty reduction, but also promoting sustainable livelihood enhancing strategies and access to assets like human capital, physical assets, social capital, financial capital and natural capital. In terms of the sustainable livelihood framework, livelihood comprises the activities, the assets, the capabilities and the access that combine to determine the standard of living attainable for an individual. A livelihood is deemed to be sustainable when it can absorb unforeseen shocks and recover from stresses and uncertainties, while maintaining or enhancing the capability and asset base both at present and for future periods without distorting the natural resources and creating social unrest. This book is composed of seventeen papers covering the socio- developmental aspects and natural resources connected with the concept of sustainable livelihood, as well as livelihood issues intimately linked with the farm and non-farm sectors and impacted by gender aspect.

    • Development economics
      August 2018

      Evaluation of Microfinance Institutions in Varanasi with Special Reference to Client Education

      by Author(s): Vinita Kalra, H. P. Mathur

      In the last two decades, microfinance has gained growing recognition as an effective tool for improving the quality of life and the living standard of poor and low-income people. Microfinance’s popularity reached a peak when the United Nations declared 2005 the ‘International Year of Microcredit’ and when, one year later, the author of ‘Banker to the Poor’, Muhammad Yunus, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. This recognition has given rise to a movement that was supposed to accomplish social and financial goals simultaneously and without any friction.However, microfinance as an industry was shaken for the first time in 2008, as a consequence of the international financial crisis, and it again suffered problems more recently. It was reported that the populist moves by politicians led to a mass default of loans, of worth more than US$1.5 billion in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, the biggest market for the microfinance institutions in India. Measures taken to ensure that the 2008 crisis and its consequences are not repeated include bringing clients’ protection principles to work and building client awareness in order to make informed decisions. This book focuses on the efficacy of ‘financial education’ as a tool towards attaining client protection. It also utilizes the Microfinance Clients Awareness Index to evaluate the factors that impact the level of financial awareness for microfinance clients.

    • Economics
      February 2018

      Financing Innovation and Sustainable Development in Africa

      by Editor(s): Muna Ndulo, Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa

      This book derives from a symposium held at Cornell University in April 2014. The symposium explored development financing, which has become an important area of policy discussion in Africa and other developing areas in recent years. Using multifaceted and multidisciplinary analytical approaches, it considers the role of the banking system, the stock market, credit access, external aid, and sovereign wealth funds in the evolving development finance architecture. Further, the volume looks at China’s role as an aid donor, the impact of BRICs partnerships in South Africa, the role of NEPAD in mobilizing resources for infrastructure development, and the links between law, trade, and regional integration. The study concurs with previous analyses that greater access to credit by the poor represents the most effective way of fighting poverty and raising the standards of living in Africa. Cornell’s Institute for African Development and the African Development Bank were cosponsors of the 2014 symposium.

    • Development economics
      January 2009

      The Evolution of the South African System of Innovation since 1916

      by Author(s): Mario Scerri

      In this book, Mario Scerri provides the reader with a novel and sweeping rendition of South Africa’s economic history from the early part of the twentieth century to the present. He applies a broad innovation systems approach to this history spanning the period from 1916, which saw the drafting of South Africa’s first Science and Technology plan to the first fourteen years of the post-apartheid period. The introduction of the book lays out the scope of the work and its focus on the identification of continuities and ruptures in the economic history of South Africa. The first part of the book deals with the theoretical foundations of the approach. The first chapter in this section looks at the emergence of evolutionary economics and innovation systems theory as the basis for the main countervailing argument against the neoclassical/neoliberal orthodoxy. In the course of this chapter the foundation is laid for the development of an alternative general theory of economics. The second chapter covers the main debates on the economic history of South Africa and looks at the several varieties of the liberal and Marxist renditions of this history. The theoretical section lays the foundation for the history that is covered in the four chapters which follow. These cover three broad periods since 1916. The first runs up to 1948 with the election victory of the National Party. The second covers the apartheid period and the last follows with an account of the post apartheid political economy. An endnote provides the basis for the analysis of what may possibly be the emergence of a fourth main period in the evolution of the South African system of innovation.The Evolution of the South African System of Innovation since 1916 opens up a novel engagement with the complex phenomenon of apartheid, its genealogy and its aftermath. It will appeal to economists and economic historians who are interested in the economy of South Africa. It will be of particular interest to evolutionary economists who use the systems of innovation approach as an alternative to mainstream neoclassical economics in the analysis of dynamic economic systems. For this particular audience, this book will provide a welcome addition to the growing body of literature in this area, especially given the novelty of its historical approach.

    • Development economics
      February 2016

      Technological Innovation and the Effect of the Employment on the EU Countries

      by Author(s): Andrea Vicini

      Innovation and employment can be a good marriage. Following on from an analysis of the classical economists, the author challenges the old paradigm of ‘innovation means unemployment’, which has dominated the economic debate for centuries. Is it possible to promote technological change as well as innovation and employment? At what point do technological change and innovation become labour friendly? These are among the topics examined in detail in the enclosed essays. This book considers a set of EU countries in which the results leave no doubts: innovation and employment can be an engine for an increase in employment, but the most important thing is the building of an adequate ecosystem. In this global era, national systems and the organisation of institutions (such as centres of education, legislation, academia and research) remain critical factors and play an important role in the success and the failure of innovation policy.

    • Economics
      December 2015

      Evolutionary Games and Poverty Traps

      by Author(s): Edgar J. Sánchez Carrera

      This book explores how persistent states of underdevelopment can arise in strategic environments in which players are imitative rather than fully rational. Standard growth theory teaches that poverty traps are stable, low-level balanced growth paths to which economies gravitate due to adverse initial conditions or poor equilibrium selection. In other words, societies fail to take off into sustained growth because they started out as poor, with, for example, low longevity or poor human capital, or because they cannot invent institutions that successfully coordinate their investments.Evolutionary Games and Poverty Traps explains this pernicious form of coordination failure as a game between economic agents, such as, for example, firms investing in research and development and workers investing in human capital. Rates of return on research and development depend on average human capital, and rates of return on human capital depend on aggregate research and development spending. The outcome is a self-confirming equilibrium in evolutionary stable strategies in which unsuccessful players imitate successful ones. This equilibrium is particularly interesting in that in poor economies with a large fraction of low-human-capital workers or low research and development firms, imitative strategies do not support a take-off into sustained growth. To achieve such a take-off, society should subsidize the cost of education or research and development until the economy builds a critical mass of human capital or research and development.

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