• Teaching, Language & Reference
      January 2009

      Sorbonne Confidential

      by Laurel Zuckerman

      After losing her high tech job in Paris, Alice Wunderland dreams of a new, unemployment-proof career as English teacher and decides to dedicate a year to training for France's prestigious competitive exam; After all, she reasons, how hard can it be for an educated American to pass a test in English? She enrolls at the Sorbonne, but her Arizona English fails to impress. Even Shakespeare's English falls short. Only one English will do: Sorbonne English! Even while learning this new language, Alice vows to investigate: Why devise an English exam that few native speakers can pass ? Could this explain why French schoolchildren rank last for English skills in Europe? Is it true that Frenchness is a question of formatting? If so, can a foreigner even one with French nationality ever become truly French? As riots break out in France among the children of immigrants, Alice cannot help but wonder: could there be any connection between her bewildering experience and theirs? A hilarious, hair-raising insider's look at the esoteric world of French Education. (Harriet Welty Rochefort --author of French Toast).

    • Education
      May 2007

      The Story Maker

      by Kirstin Lewis, Frances Dickens

      This innovative handbook aims to help children write creatively. Designed for children aged 4-11 years, it is suitable for children of all abilities. The strong visual emphasis will inspire children to write their own stories and expand their vocabulary. Writer's tips' front each of the twelve story elements; Characters; Feelings; Size; Speech & Sound; Speed; Settings; Texture; Colours; Objects; Time; and weather. Simple layout with colour coded tab system that will appeal to children and ESL Students. Fully illustrated in colour throughout to inspire story making Broadens vocabulary Photocopiable storyboards at the beginning of each section to encourage children to sequence Separate introduction for older children who can work alone Narrative planning explores story development and how links can be made.

    • Linguistics
      September 2009

      Studies in Applied Linguistics and Language Learning

      by Editor(s): Ahmar Mahboob and Caroline Lipovsky

      Studies in Applied Linguistics and Language Learning brings together new and original studies in the area of critical applied linguistics, language policy and planning, and language learning and teaching. The book, divided into three sections, first offers critical views on various aspects of language in society, ranging from the construction of national identity, language and justice, racial and identity issues in the ELT industry, to language in business discourse. It then reports on language policy in the school curriculum, language learning in tertiary education, and Aboriginal languages policy. In the third section, it addresses issues in language learning and teaching, such as the role of parents in literacy learning, multiple script literacy, and language learning and maintenance strategies.

    • ELT: teaching theory & methods
      November 2014

      Acquiring Lingua Franca of the Modern Time

      Current Issues and Strategies in ESL Studies

      by Editor(s): Elena Polyudova

      This volume brings together a selection of current strategies in the studying of English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) from the perspectives of modern linguistic theory and praxis. Educators from various different countries examine current methods of English language learning in a global environment in which it has become a contemporary lingua franca. Several chapters in the book are taken from the session “ESL Studies” held at the 111th PAMLA (Pacific Ancient and Modern Language Association) conference. This volume discusses issues connected with the study of English as a second language by students from various different countries, such as Australia, the European Union, Italy, the Russian Federation, and the USA, and with several different native languages, such as Arabic, Italian, Russian, and Spanish. The chapters form a rich mosaic of interconnecting themes, highlighting the diversity of present-day processes of teaching ESL throughout the world.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      April 2015

      Contemporary English Language Teaching and Research

      by Editor(s): Mariusz Marczak, Martin Hinton

      As the English language has spread around the globe and the English teaching industry has expanded, so interest in the theory behind the methods of teaching and curiosity regarding innovative classroom techniques have also grown. Recently, advances in technology have had a major impact on the way teachers at all levels work, as has the greater interest in the learner as an individual. This book provides detailed insight into both of these forces.Contemporary English Language Teaching and Research will appeal both to researchers in the field, since it contains a number of new and exciting studies, as well as reflections on the research process itself, and to language teachers, both those practising and those in training, who wish to keep abreast of the latest developments in teaching techniques and understanding of learners.The book provides a snapshot of today’s research environment in the field of teaching and learning English as a foreign language. It brings together work from established academics and young researchers, with a wide variety of classroom teaching experience, and an equally wide range of perspectives and priorities.

    • Education
      May 2014

      Focus on CLIL

      A Qualitative Evaluation of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in Polish Secondary Education

      by Author(s): Katarzyna Papaja

      Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) refers to an educational context where a foreign language (in this case English) is used as a medium of instruction in content subjects. This book presents and analyses the changes which take place in a CLIL classroom in secondary education. This book will also serve to raise CLIL teachers’ awareness of certain changes which occur in the CLIL classroom, and will consequently help them understand the process of Content and Language Integrated Learning.The book is organised into two parts: theoretical and empirical. These parts consist of six chapters each. The first three chapters review the professional literature relevant to this study, while the other three chapters are devoted to the empirical study.

    • ELT: listening skills
      August 2013

      Building a Validity Argument for a Listening Test of Academic Proficiency

      by Author(s): Vahid Aryadoust

      Over the years, various approaches to validation have emerged in psychological and educational assessment research, which can be classified into traditional approaches and modern approaches. Traditional approaches view validity as a multicomponential concept including, for example, content, construct, and predictive validity, while modern approaches conceptualize it as a unitary concept evaluated through argumentation. Drawing on the modern approach, this book builds a validity argument for an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) listening test sample. The book provides some insights into the listening sub-skills that the test engages, the psychometric dimensionality of the test, variables that predict item difficulty parameters, bias across age, nationality, test experience, and gender, as well as predictive-referenced evidence of validity. A variety of techniques including the Rasch model and structural equation modelling are used to answer the research questions and to build a validity argument framework; this argument organizes the thematically related findings into a coherent treatment of the validity of the listening test. The book presents the first treatment of validity argument and related analytical tools in one volume and maps the psychometric/statistical analysis tools onto the validity argument framework. It also provides an extensive literature review of listening comprehension, validation, and psychometric modeling and proposes both methods for developing and validating self-assessment instruments and novel approaches to improving the quality of language assessments.

    • ELT: writing skills
      February 2016

      Writing Strategies and Strategy-Based Instruction in Singapore Primary Schools

      by Author(s): Barry Bai

      This book provides a theoretical and practical framework for understanding the writing strategies used by Singapore primary school students and strategy-based writing instruction conducted in Singapore primary schools. It offers a detailed account of how research into primary students’ writing strategies was investigated in the Singapore context.A unique feature of the book is its two-phase design. In Phase One, primary school students’ writing strategies were found to be positively correlated with their English proficiency. In Phase Two, useful writing strategies were systematically taught to primary school students through strategy-based writing instruction. The book’s description of how to teach writing strategies in a series of nine lessons from a teacher’s perspective is particularly useful. The implications of this study are relevant for language teachers, teacher educators, and researchers.

    • Applied linguistics for ELT
      April 2009

      English and Empowerment in the Developing World

      by Editor(s): Nasreen Hussain, Azra Ahmed and Mohammad Zafar

      This book is a collection of thought-provoking papers that investigate empowerment within the context of language, education, and technology. In the seventeen papers published in the book, local and international ELT practitioners and researchers have analysed their experiences within a range of socio-linguistic situations. Adding significant insights and depth to a previously under-researched area, the publication will be of interest not only to ELT teachers and students, but also to social science researchers in developing and marginalised countries. The book based on selected papers presented at the 2007 Aga Khan University, Centre of English Language seminar in Karachi exemplifies the issues of language and empowerment. The papers deal with complex educational and socio-cultural issues and force readers to undertake a cultural journey to see them from a different perspective. The collection of papers, whatever one’s teaching-learning context, will become an essential resource book for all English language teachers, scholars, and researchers interested in learning more about the success stories and problems facing language education in the developing countries, especially Asia today.

    • Translation & interpretation
      October 2013

      Translation in Language Teaching and Assessment

      by Editor(s): Dina Tsagari, Georgios Floros

      The aim of this volume is to record the resurgent influence of Language Learning in Translation Studies and the various contemporary ways in which translation is used in the fields of Language Teaching and Assessment. It examines the possibilities and limitations of the interplay between the two disciplines in attempting to investigate the degree to which recent calls for reinstating translation in language learning have borne fruit.The volume accommodates high-quality original submissions that address a variety of issues from a theoretical as well as an empirical point of view. The chapters of the volume raise important questions and demonstrate the beginning of a new era of conscious epistemological traffic between the two aforementioned disciplines. The contributors to the volume are academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of Translation Studies and Language Teaching and Assessment from various countries and educational contexts, including the USA, Canada, Taiwan R.O.C., and European countries such as Belgium, Germany, Greece, Slovenia and Sweden, and various professional and instructional settings, such as school sector and graduate, undergraduate and certificate programs. The contributions approach the interplay between the two disciplines from various angles, including functional approaches to translation, contemporary types of translation, and the discursive interaction between teachers and students.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      March 2015

      New Frontiers in Teaching and Learning English

      by Editor(s): Paola Vettorel

      The contributions to this volume explore several focal issues related to the global spread of English and their implications for English language teaching, providing both theoretical and empirical perspectives on recent research and implications in educational terms. The volume is divided into three thematic sections, namely “Developments in ELF research and pedagogic implications”, “Raising teachers’ awareness of ELF”, and “ELF and ELT practices”.The book provides up-to-date perspectives on the issues, implications and repercussions that findings in ELF research can have for ELT practices. The contributors are all scholars and researchers who have long been engaged in ELF-related research, and who have undertaken operational and practical work in the field, and, as such, offer novel perspectives on the effects of EFL research on the teaching and learning of English. The volume also presents the findings of innovative projects in teacher education, involving pre- and in-service teachers, providing exemplificative good practices of possible new routes into pluralistic, ELF-aware and ELF-oriented didactic perspectives.

    • Educational: English language & literacy
      August 2014

      Enacting English across Borders

      Critical Studies in the Asia Pacific

      by Editor(s): Raqib Chowdhury, Roby Marlina

      This book houses contemporary theoretical and empirical studies by emergent researchers and scholars in the disciplines of ELT, Applied Linguistics and TESOL who address several newly-emerged and emerging issues in the field from their own contexts (predominantly Asian settings). Each chapter, in its own unique way, challenges, unpacks and critiques existing misconceptions and pre-conceived assumptions of the use, learning and teaching of English in today’s fluid and globalised, postmodern era. While some contributors to the book have brought such issues to the forefront through a critical consideration of histories and policies, others have explored how English is enacted, practised, learned, and/or taught across a wide range of settings in order to further illustrate the various manifestations of the worldwide expansion of the language. Together the chapters of this book highlight the current discrepancies and inconsistencies in different areas of interest in the field of ELT, and provide carefully considered suggestions on how to address these issues.

    • Sociolinguistics
      December 2014

      Perception of English

      A Study of Staff and Students at Universities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

      by Author(s): Anita Dewi

      There has been a significant increase in the number of English speakers globally, with the majority of them being non-native speakers who rely on diverse varieties of the language. Throughout its history, English has been disseminated through a number of processes, ranging from colonialism to globalisation. This has ultimately resulted in the formation of various relationships between English and target communities. English has also spread to countries where Muslims constitute the majority of the population. As religious teachings are embedded in local or national cultures, and thus result in non-homogeneous Islamic communities across the globe, it is a frequently used oversimplification to conclude that English consistently stands in opposition to Islam in every Islamic society. Given such misperceptions, studies directed towards perceptions of English in Indonesia, the fourth most populated country and the largest Muslim community in the world, are particularly important.This book examines a variety of perceptions of English in this context, focusing on staff and students at universities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Five research questions were used as the basis for conducting this study, which analyse the themes of English and its acceptance in Indonesia; English at the tertiary level; the roles of English; English in relation to identity; and the perception of World Englishes. Employing a mixed-methods approach, the study was carried out at nine public and private universities with differing religious viewpoints – namely, secular, Catholic, and Islamic. There are five different groups of participants for individual interviews and questionnaire surveys: students, English language lecturers, non-English lecturers, and leaders at each of the nine universities. The results reveal that English is viewed as a tool and asset for advancing knowledge, facilitating international communication, gaining global competitiveness, and improving employment opportunities. However, perceived tensions between English and Indonesian constantly occur throughout all facets of the study. Even though Indonesian people’s “repository of cultural identity” (Tan and Rubdy, 2008, p. 5) is located within local languages rather than in Indonesian as the national language, the Indonesian language actually unites them as one people and differentiates them from people of other nations. This suggests a demand for a “contemporary global linguistic ecology” (Phillipson and Skutnabb-Kangas, 1999, p. 20). In such ecology, English would keep developing in a way that does not impact negatively on the national language. Indeed, such demand for a balance between English and Indonesian is politically desirable.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      April 2018

      Teaching and Learning English in Non-English-Speaking Countries

      by Author(s): Shahnaz Shoro

      The English language is currently used as a second or foreign language in those countries which had once been British colonies. For example, when united India was partitioned into two main countries, India and Pakistan, it was intended that English would gradually be replaced as the language of administration in both countries. However, as the countries were also home to several regional languages, attempts to introduce a sole official language and abolish English as the second official language have never succeeded. In today’s world, English is the language of the cultural, social and political elite, offering significant economic, political and social advantages to fluent speakers. Speakers of the English language automatically enjoy greater social status and have easier access to positions of power and influence. Learning and teaching the English language has therefore become a concern for those who cannot afford to study in native-speaking countries or at local expensive English-medium schools. This book provides various government and non-government educational and professional institutions with simple and practical language-learning courses which fulfil the requirements of people who want to learn English. It will be of great interest to a wide variety of readers, including teachers, language learners, students, linguistic departments, general readers who are struggling to learn English, and professionals who want to overcome the language barrier.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      April 2010

      Current Issues in English Language Teaching and Learning

      An International Perspective

      by Editor(s): Mario Cal Varela, Francisco Javier Fernández Polo, Lidia Gómez García and Ignacio M. Palacios Martínez

      This volume contains a selection of the papers, seminars and workshops presented in the First International Conference on English Language Teaching and Learning (ICELTL1), held at the University of Santiago, Spain, in September 2008, as well as a number of valuable original contributions by other specialists who were involved in the conference. It aims to represent the views of teachers, scholars, researchers, teacher trainers and curriculum developers from all over the world, from the USA and Japan to Europe. It is addressed to ELT teachers, researchers and professionals who want to reflect upon and develop their knowledge and practice of current issues in English language teaching and learning. Current problems in many of the areas of ELT are given different solutions depending on the context in which respective contributors conduct their work. It is precisely this international perspective that makes this volume unique and illustrative of different realities with a similar objective in mind: the implementation and improvement of English language teaching. The various contributions have been organised in four main sections that correspond to the major focal topics of the conference: teacher training and development, classroom management and practice, new technologies and language teaching, and research on learner language.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      September 2009

      Power in the EFL Classroom

      Critical Pedagogy in the Middle East

      by Editor(s): Phyllis Wachob

      “Critical pedagogy is not a set of ideas, but a way of ‘doing’ learning and teaching” (Canagarajah, 2005). This definition puts CP squarely in the classroom and leads us to view how teachers interact with students and how students treat one another, while negotiating institutional and societal expectations. The chapters in the book use a variety of methods to address questions of power within educational institutions, from classrooms to the ministries of education. All the contributors are, or have been, teachers in the Middle East, from Egypt to Iran. Their nationalities range from Egyptian, to American, Canadian, British, Tunisian and Iranian. Ten of the contributors are women. All have conducted research and/or invited participation from among students and fellow teachers to explore issues of Critical Pedagogy from various perspectives. The question of physical space relates to power but is also related to linguistic space; student choice is not only related to linguistic space but also to motivation and thus empowerment. Changing teachers’ beliefs leads to empowerment for teachers, but also empowerment for students. Educational policy that recognizes social and personal identity reflects back to personal motivation. These studies meet and mesh, complement and sometimes take different viewpoints. However, all the studies embrace the concept that we must respect and nurture the human in our students, that we as teachers are the front line as enablers of our students’ empowerment. If we do not provide the space, and honor their dignity, our students cannot claim and embrace their power.Canagarajah, S. (2005). Critical Pedagogy in L2 Learning and Teaching. In E. Hinkel (Ed.), Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning (pp. 931-949). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    • Language teaching & learning (other than ELT)
      January 2009

      Making a Difference

      Challenges for Applied Linguistics

      by Editor(s): Honglin Chen and Ken Cruickshank

      The rapid worldwide growth in migration, asylum seekers and refugees and reactions to this, the expansion of media and technology, political and economic changes at international and local levels are both challenges and opportunities for research in applied linguistics. This book presents 23 articles by key researchers exploring the ways in which applied linguistics can play a role making a difference in people’s lives. It is a timely publication when access to powerful discourses is increasingly an issue for many of the world’s populations. The book showcases the contribution of applied linguists working in such areas as language teaching and learning, policy development, discourse analysis, language assessment, language development and bilingualism in the UK, Asia and Australasia. The book is aimed at teachers, teacher educators, undergraduate and postgraduate students who are working in the areas of the applied linguistics and language education, but also to anyone with an interest in language and the impact that it has on our lives.“The whole idea is that so many of us live our lives applying linguistics and yet we don’t even think about it”. – Shirley Brice Heath, in Heath and Kramsch (2004, 82): Individuals, Institutions and the Uses of Literacy: Shirley Brice Heath and Claire Kramsch in Conversation. Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(1):75-94.

    • Moral & social purpose of education
      February 2016

      Religious Faith and Teacher Knowledge in English Language Teaching

      by Author(s): Bradley Baurain

      The field of TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) stands at an active crossroads – issues of language, culture, learning, identity, morality, and spirituality mix daily in classrooms around the world. What roles might teachers’ personal religious beliefs play in their professional activities and contexts? Until recently, such questions had been largely excluded from academic conversations in TESOL. Yet the qualitative research at the core of this book, framed and presented within a teacher knowledge paradigm, demonstrates that personal faith and professional identities and practices can, and do, interact and interrelate in ways that are both meaningful and problematic. This study’s Christian TESOL teacher participants, working overseas in Southeast Asia, perceived, explained, and interpreted a variety of such connections within their lived experience. As a result, the beliefs-practices nexus deserves to be further theorized, researched, and discussed. Religious beliefs and human spirituality, as foundational and enduring aspects of human thought and culture, and thus of teaching and learning, deserve a place at the TESOL table.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      January 2018

      Undergraduate ELT in Sri Lanka

      Policy, Practice and Perspectives for South Asia

      by Author(s): Asantha U. Attanayake

      The book looks into the South Asian experience of English language education in the first decade of the 21st century by examining its policies, practices and perspectives in Sri Lanka. It discusses the evolution of English from the language of administration of the former South Asian colony up to its present and intended, although poorly implemented, status as a “link-language” in Sri Lanka. The official removal of English as the language of administration after independence, the twists and turns of its practice in various domains over six decades, and the views of today’s students and teachers reveal that there is more to English language education in a post-colonial context than current theories address. This book concentrates on what educationalists in English Language Teaching do, the goals that curriculum designers must capture, and how post-colonial attitudes towards English hinder the teaching of English as a second language. This book emphasizes that the general principles of teaching English as a second language need specific modifications at the delivery stage in South Asian societies.

    • Language acquisition
      January 2012

      Variability and Stability in Foreign and Second Language Learning Contexts

      Volume 2

      by Editor(s): Ewa Piechurska-Kuciel and Liliana Piasecka

      This book contains a wide spectrum of topics organized within a relatively fixed framework of Applied Linguistics theory and practice, revolving around the concepts of stability and variability that capture the dynamic nature of the phenomena characterizing language, learning and teaching. The primary strength of individual chapters lies in the fact that the vast majority report original empirical studies carried out in diverse second/foreign language learning contexts – investigating interesting issues across various nationalities, ages, educational and professional groups of language learners, and teachers. The issues under scrutiny entail the ‘classic’ recurrent topics related to language learning and teaching, such as communicative competence, input, orality and literacy, learner characteristics and strategies, and teacher development – to mention just a few. In addition, ‘recent arrivals,’ to borrow a marketing metaphor, are also present, as the authors consider learning and teaching implications resulting from the status of English as a language of international communication, and discuss related concepts of intercultural competence along with language learners’ identity and creativity. The multilingual and multicultural contributors to the present volume are researchers – foreign and second language learners and teachers themselves – who offer the reader a range of methodological designs that have been successfully used in Applied Linguistics research. The framework of stability and variability suggests that changes leading to progress and development derive from stable foundations that account for the sense of continuity and belonging in applied linguists’ communities of practice.

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