• Social, group or collective psychology
      August 1997

      The Question of German Guilt

      by Karl Jaspers

      In the years after the Nazi government fell, a philosophy professor at Hindenberg University lectured on a subject which burned the consciousness and conscience of thinking Germans. "Are the German people guilty?". These lectures by Karl Jaspers, a European philosopher, attracted wide attention among German intellectuals and students; they seemed to offer a path to sanity and morality in a disordered world.;Jaspers, a life-long liberal, has attempted in this book to discuss rationally a problem that has thus far evoked only heat and fury. Neither an evasive apology nor a wholesome condemnation, this book distinguishes between types of guilt and degrees of responsibility. He lists four categories of guilt: criminal guilt (the commitment of overt acts), political guilt (the degree of political acquiescence in the Nazi regime), moral guilt (a matter of private judgement among one's friends), and metaphysical guilt (a universally shared responsibility of those who chose to remain alive rather than die in protest againt Nazi atrocities).;Born in 1883, Karl Jaspers took his degree in medicine but soon became interested in psychiatry. He is the author of a standard work of psychopathology, as well as special studies on Strindberg, Van Gogh and Nietszche. After World War I he became Professor of Philosophy at Heidelberg wher he achieved fame as a brilliant teacher and an early exponent of existentialism. He was among the first to acquaint German readers with the works of Kierkegaard.;Jaspers had to resign from his post in 1935. From the total isolation into which the Hitler regime forced him, Jaspers returned in 1945 to a position of central intellectual leadership of the younger liberal elements of Germany. In his first lecture in 1945, he forcefuly reminded his audience of the fate of the German Jews. Jaspers' unblemished record as an anti-Nazi has made him a rallying point centre for those of his countrymen who wish to reconstruct a free and democratic Germany.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      August 1997

      The Question of German Guilt

      The New Media and the Markle Foundation

      by Karl Jaspers

      In the years after the Nazi government fell, a philosophy professor at Hindenberg University lectured on a subject which burned the consciousness and conscience of thinking Germans. "Are the German people guilty?". These lectures by Karl Jaspers, a European philosopher, attracted wide attention among German intellectuals and students; they seemed to offer a path to sanity and morality in a disordered world.;Jaspers, a life-long liberal, has attempted in this book to discuss rationally a problem that has thus far evoked only heat and fury. Neither an evasive apology nor a wholesome condemnation, this book distinguishes between types of guilt and degrees of responsibility. He lists four categories of guilt: criminal guilt (the commitment of overt acts), political guilt (the degree of political acquiescence in the Nazi regime), moral guilt (a matter of private judgement among one's friends), and metaphysical guilt (a universally shared responsibility of those who chose to remain alive rather than die in protest againt Nazi atrocities).;Born in 1883, Karl Jaspers took his degree in medicine but soon became interested in psychiatry. He is the author of a standard work of psychopathology, as well as special studies on Strindberg, Van Gogh and Nietszche. After World War I he became Professor of Philosophy at Heidelberg wher he achieved fame as a brilliant teacher and an early exponent of existentialism. He was among the first to acquaint German readers with the works of Kierkegaard.;Jaspers had to resign from his post in 1935. From the total isolation into which the Hitler regime forced him, Jaspers returned in 1945 to a position of central intellectual leadership of the younger liberal elements of Germany. In his first lecture in 1945, he forcefuly reminded his audience of the fate of the German Jews. Jaspers' unblemished record as an anti-Nazi has made him a rallying point centre for those of his countrymen who wish to reconstruct a free and democratic Germany.

    • Communication studies
      June 2001

      Between Ourselves

      Second Person Issues in the Study of Consciousness

      by Thompson, Evan, B01

      The first volume in this series (The View from Within, ed. Francisco Varela and Jonathan Shear) was a study of first-person approaches to the study of consciousness. Second-person ‘I–You’ relations are central to human life yet have been neglected in...

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      January 2016

      The Meaning of Music

      by Leo Samama

      For virtually all of our lives, we are surrounded by music. From lullabies to radio to the praises sung in houses of worship, we encounter music at home and in the street, during work and in our leisure time, and not infrequently at birth and death. But what is music, and what does it mean to humans? How do we process it, and how do we create it?Musician Leo Samama discusses these and many other questions while shaping a vibrant picture of music's importance in human lives both past and present. What is remarkable is that music is recognised almost universally as a type of language that we can use to wordlessly communicate. We can hardly shut ourselves off from music, and considering its primal role in our lives, it comes as no surprise that few would ever want to. Able to transverse borders and appeal to the most disparate of individuals, music is both a tool and a gift, and as Samama shows, a unifying thread running throughout the cultural history of mankind.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Conflict, peace and mental health

      Addressing the consequences of conflict and trauma in Northern Ireland

      by David Bolton

      What are the human consequences of conflict and what are the appropriate service responses? This book seeks to provide an answer to these important questions drawing upon over 25 years work by the author in Northern Ireland and elsewhere. Focussing on the work undertaken following the Omagh bombing the book describes how needs were assessed and understood, how evidence-based services were put in place and the training and education programmes that were developed to assist first those communities affected by the Omagh bombing and later the wider population affected by the years of conflict. The author places the mental health needs of conflict affected communities at the heart of the political and peace processes that follow. This is a practical book and will be of particular interest to those planning for and responding to conflict-related disasters, policy makers, service commissioners and providers, politicians, civil servants and peace makers.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Conflict, peace and mental health

      Addressing the consequences of conflict and trauma in Northern Ireland

      by David Bolton

      What are the human consequences of conflict and what are the appropriate service responses? This book seeks to provide an answer to these important questions drawing upon over 25 years work by the author in Northern Ireland and elsewhere. Focussing on the work undertaken following the Omagh bombing the book describes how needs were assessed and understood, how evidence-based services were put in place and the training and education programmes that were developed to assist first those communities affected by the Omagh bombing and later the wider population affected by the years of conflict. The author places the mental health needs of conflict affected communities at the heart of the political and peace processes that follow. This is a practical book and will be of particular interest to those planning for and responding to conflict-related disasters, policy makers, service commissioners and providers, politicians, civil servants and peace makers.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Conflict, peace and mental health

      Addressing the consequences of conflict and trauma in Northern Ireland

      by David Bolton

      What are the human consequences of conflict and what are the appropriate service responses? This book seeks to provide an answer to these important questions drawing upon over 25 years work by the author in Northern Ireland and elsewhere. Focussing on the work undertaken following the Omagh bombing the book describes how needs were assessed and understood, how evidence-based services were put in place and the training and education programmes that were developed to assist first those communities affected by the Omagh bombing and later the wider population affected by the years of conflict. The author places the mental health needs of conflict affected communities at the heart of the political and peace processes that follow. This is a practical book and will be of particular interest to those planning for and responding to conflict-related disasters, policy makers, service commissioners and providers, politicians, civil servants and peace makers.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Reformers Arise

      Calling Out a People of Dignity to Influence and Action

      by Alero Ayida-Otobo

      This book is a cry from the heart to see the emergence of a new kind of people - The Reformers. They are ‘young’ (in age and at heart), they are full of creative energy and passion. They are tired of the status quo, tired of the state of their nations. They are like you – they want to see change and are willing to pay the price to be the instigator of that change. The dream is to raise an army of social reformers bound by four key qualities. This book is a manual for developing, refining and releasing them. Through valuable information and real life stories and experiences this masterfully crafted book strikes at the core of the issues and defines the true reformer and the process of personal development necessary to become one. It is about changing the songs of pain and sadness that can still be heard on the continent of Africa. It is about singing new ones – songs of hope and victory. It is time to raise a dignified, undaunted army of social reformers. Would you like to join this army?

    • Business, Economics & Law
      July 2015

      Strategy, People,Implementation

      Taking Strategy to Action Through Effective Change Leadership

      by Russell King, Steve Glowinkowski

      The two authors’ combined experience of Change Leadership is extensive. Over the last 25 years they have led, been involved with, and evaluated a wide range of Global Change Programs. The context includes acquisitions, mergers, demergers, new business start-ups, technology and a wide variety of culture change interventions. This leadership, consultancy and research experience forms the basis of this book. Strategy, People, Implementation provides leaders with a theory of how people are motivated to change, together with the practical steps from designing a strategy to developing and implementing an effective change agenda.

    • Sociology & anthropology
      February 2007

      Encounters | Materialities | Confrontations

      Archaeologies of Social Space and Interaction

      by Editor(s): Per Cornell and Fredrik Fahlander

      This collection of texts is a first step towards providing a theoretical and methodological platform for the study of social encounters. The social encounter is a particular sort of concept, focusing on confusion, tension, trauma, and possibly social change that may emerge in situations of contact when people and things interact. A social encounter is, however, not only about negotiation or contemplating existence, but is rather about what happens when people interact actively, when they involve themselves with people and materialities, when they move around, fetch things, use things, leave things etc. The repeated social encounter is often a confrontation with something, such as an opinion, a performance, or with materialities and the effects are often unpredictable. Encounters may reproduce a social pattern, but also contain potential for transformation and change. Such varied responses to encounters will certainly have effects on the archaeological record. The primary focus of the volume is the effects and processes involved in intra- and inter-societal encounters. The collection hence fills a theoretical and methodological gap in the study of the encounter in archaeology. There is a need for elaborating aspects of postcolonial theory in order to develop new ways of approaching the archaeological record. The articles of this volume include examples from various regions and time periods. They range from Scandinavian Stone Age, through Buddhist social practices of the first millennium AD, Maya warfare and ideology, to Aboriginal-European encounters in 20th century Australia.Per Cornell (PhD, Ass. Prof.) is currently lecturer at the Department of archaeology, University of Gothenburg. Cornell has been involved in extensive field-work in Latin America and current research topics include settlement archaeology, formation processes and social theory. Among his recent books are Local, Regional, Global, co-edited with Per Stenborg (Gotarc, 2004).

    • Linguistics
      November 2011

      Prosecutors’ Forensic Speech in Implicit Pragmalinguistics

      by Author(s): Irina Zyubina

      What does a new branch of linguistics, Implicit Pragmalinguistics, mean? And what methods of analysis does it use? What are the peculiarities of prosecutors’ forensic speech as a speech genre? What kinds of individual speech behavior and stereotyped speech behavior do English-speaking and Russian-speaking prosecutors have from the point of view of Implicit Pragmalinguistics? Within these pages, you will find not only the answers to these questions but also a lot of useful information concerning human beings.This book consists of three parts devoted to the description of the methods and requirements for linguistic analysis in Implicit Pragmalinguistics, and to the peculiarities of English-speaking and Russian-speaking prosecutors’ individual and stereotyped speech behavior on the grounds of the pragmalinguistic experimental results. 65,280 items of analysis or small syntactical groups were studied to diagnose individual-personal qualities of the Russian-speaking and English-speaking prosecutors, their stereotyped speech behaviour according to their periods of working, their speech addressees and national-cultural belonging of the speech senders.The book will appeal to philologists, courtroom professionals, psychologists, sociologists, teachers and students.

    • Sociology & anthropology
      February 2007

      Encounters | Materialities | Confrontations

      Archaeologies of Social Space and Interaction

      by Editor(s): Per Cornell and Fredrik Fahlander

      This collection of texts is a first step towards providing a theoretical and methodological platform for the study of social encounters. The social encounter is a particular sort of concept, focusing on confusion, tension, trauma, and possibly social change that may emerge in situations of contact when people and things interact. A social encounter is, however, not only about negotiation or contemplating existence, but is rather about what happens when people interact actively, when they involve themselves with people and materialities, when they move around, fetch things, use things, leave things etc. The repeated social encounter is often a confrontation with something, such as an opinion, a performance, or with materialities and the effects are often unpredictable. Encounters may reproduce a social pattern, but also contain potential for transformation and change. Such varied responses to encounters will certainly have effects on the archaeological record. The primary focus of the volume is the effects and processes involved in intra- and inter-societal encounters. The collection hence fills a theoretical and methodological gap in the study of the encounter in archaeology. There is a need for elaborating aspects of postcolonial theory in order to develop new ways of approaching the archaeological record. The articles of this volume include examples from various regions and time periods. They range from Scandinavian Stone Age, through Buddhist social practices of the first millennium AD, Maya warfare and ideology, to Aboriginal-European encounters in 20th century Australia.Per Cornell (PhD, Ass. Prof.) is currently lecturer at the Department of archaeology, University of Gothenburg. Cornell has been involved in extensive field-work in Latin America and current research topics include settlement archaeology, formation processes and social theory. Among his recent books are Local, Regional, Global, co-edited with Per Stenborg (Gotarc, 2004).

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      February 2007

      The Power of Compassion

      An Exploration of the Psychology of Compassion in the 21st Century

      by Editor(s): Marion Kostanski

      We entered the 21st Century full of anxiety, with the promised threat of a millennium bug that could potentially cripple our lives. Since then we have witnessed an increasing level of angst and despair across the world as warnings of climate change, and economic hardships have been forecast. Wars have raged, a new evil has entered our consciousness, and the word “terrorism” has come to the forefront of our lexicon. Millions of innocent people have lost their lives. Today we are witnessing the ever-increasing state of displaced persons being shuffled from makeshift home to make shift home, being locked up in camps and cut off from the rest of society. Everywhere around us we hear about increases in depression and mental health disorders among the general population. Young people are checking out of the mainstream, there are phenomenal increases in the rate of suicide and older people are living out wretched lives, isolated and alone. Multinational corporations have been accused of extorting vulnerable peoples for economic gain and consumption seems to be our new idol. What is becoming of our society? How do we make sense of or world? The essays in this book provide a compelling insight and reflection into the work of health professionals as they struggle to make sense of their work and the world around them in this new century. From exploring the concept of Living Compassion, working with the good, bad and ugly aspects of our lives, and reflecting on practice, the authors discuss their ideas on compassion. They offer you, the reader, an opportunity to reflect on your own daily practice and to go forward with a sense of shared humanity.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      February 2016

      Threads of Hope

      Counselling and Emotional Support Services for Communities in Crisis

      by Author(s): Susan Dale

      On 1st October 2012, April Jones, aged 5, was abducted from outside her home in the small Welsh market town of Machynlleth. This led to the largest police search operation of its kind ever conducted in the UK, and a subsequent murder investigation and trial which was scrutinised by the international media.This book uses a collaborative narrative research process to explore the lived experiences of one specific group of community members who responded to this event by setting up, and running, a therapeutic project to support the community between 2012 and 2014.The author weaves together threads of the story taken from her own ethnographic journal, and co-researcher accounts, together with community updates taken from press releases and academic theory, to create an evocative narrative account that will enable readers to understand what it may be like to be involved in a therapeutic project of this kind. The book highlights some of the challenges and offers suggestions for community leaders, therapeutic practitioners and critical incident planners who may be considering setting up support in response to community trauma.

    • Psychology
      August 2017

      Environmental Attitudes and Awareness

      A Psychosocial Perspective

      by Author(s): Geetika Tankha

      Environmental problems of pollution and degradation are a major source of concern globally. At all levels, efforts are being made to protect and preserve the environment from further deterioration. Measures are being taken at international, national and regional levels by governments and organisations to spread the awareness and concern for the environment and ecosystem, but these are not yet yielding the expected returns. Research has indicated that humans must be guided by values, beliefs, and individual motivating factors if attitudes are to be converted in actual behaviour. This book presents an empirical research study on the relationship between the measures of ecological concern and its demographic and psychosocial determinants. It discusses the various models of environmental concern and tracks the human-environment relationship as studied by environmental psychologists and sociologists. The book will be of great use to the students, academics, researchers and scholars in a variety of fields, including human ecology, eco-philosophy, sustainable development, environmental psychology, environmental sociology, environmental economics, environmental studies, and conservation psychology, and will further the reader’s understanding of the role of human factors in ecological protection. It will also be of value to policy makers and the general reader interested in understanding behavioural and psychosocial perspectives on environmental concern.

    • Social issues & processes
      July 2009

      Weighting Differences

      Romanian Identity in the Wider European Context

      by Editor(s): Vasile Boari and Sergiu Gherghina

      Irrespective of the level of analysis, identity remains a vague concept, slippery, and insufficiently elaborated and defined. Be it individual or collective, ethnical or social, local or general, regional (e.g. the EU) or global, identity is a recurrent subject in political debates. Situated on the edge of history, anthropology, sociology, political science, and psychology it increasingly becomes a leading paradigm in the area of social sciences. Starting from the broader European perspective, this volume has a multidisciplinary approach and gathers relevant works of internationally renowned scholars who tackle questions related to the Romanian identity: Who are the Romanians? What is the essence of their identity and how has it evolved along history? What are their primary qualities and flaws? How do Romanians perceive their Europeanness and how do they assume their European condition? With no claim to unique answers, the book provides a multi-layered view of what Romanian identity means in contemporary period and how it develops in the broader European context. By challenging the common sense understanding of identity, we raise even more questions to be anasered by further research.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      March 2014

      Applied Social Psychology

      by Editor(s): Patricia-Luciana Runcan, Georgeta Raţă

      The concept of applied social psychology aims at using social psychology theories and principles to improve the functioning of institutions and individuals. The five chapters of this book contain carefully selected essays that approach both academic issues and empiric research results covering a wide range of interests. The ways in which vulnerable groups rely on psychological mechanisms in their adjustment to concrete situations, and new research in the sphere of mental health are two such subjects covered here. This book will serve as a useful tool for professionals in psychology, medicine, education, social work, and counsellors in permanent interaction with the human factor. However, Applied Social Psychology is in no way restrictive: it will also be useful and accessible for a wider audience interested in reading about psychology, education, and communication from interdisciplinary perspectives.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      February 2016

      Threads of Hope

      Counselling and Emotional Support Services for Communities in Crisis

      by Author(s): Susan Dale

      On 1st October 2012, April Jones, aged 5, was abducted from outside her home in the small Welsh market town of Machynlleth. This led to the largest police search operation of its kind ever conducted in the UK, and a subsequent murder investigation and trial which was scrutinised by the international media.This book uses a collaborative narrative research process to explore the lived experiences of one specific group of community members who responded to this event by setting up, and running, a therapeutic project to support the community between 2012 and 2014.The author weaves together threads of the story taken from her own ethnographic journal, and co-researcher accounts, together with community updates taken from press releases and academic theory, to create an evocative narrative account that will enable readers to understand what it may be like to be involved in a therapeutic project of this kind. The book highlights some of the challenges and offers suggestions for community leaders, therapeutic practitioners and critical incident planners who may be considering setting up support in response to community trauma.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      September 2008

      Modernist Group Dynamics

      The Politics and Poetics of Friendship

      by Editor(s): Fabio A. Durão and Dominic Williams

      For decades, the study of literary and philosophical modernism concerned solitary figures like the flâneur, the exile, and the lonely genius, but recently the group formations that fostered modernist movements have emerged into view. The essays in Modernist Group Dynamics: The Poetics and Politics of Friendship pursue this new direction in modernist scholarship, exploring the ways artists and intellectuals worked in concert and in conflict. Placing group formations, with all their promises and problems, at the centre of our study allows the contributors—scholars from around the world—to reconsider some of the best-known figures of European modernism, to analyze collaborations across national boundaries, and to recover modernist groups in unexpected contexts like the so-called Third World.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      December 2007

      Environmental Psychology

      Putting Research into Practice

      by Author(s): Eddie Edgerton, Ombretta Romice and Christopher Spencer

      This book contains a selection of nine detailed and varied research papers in the area of environment-behaviour studies. The papers are based on presentations at the 4th UK Environmental Psychology (EPUK4) conference that was held in Glasgow, Scotland in September 2005.The conference theme centred on a recurring debate in Environmental Psychology and one which had recently been ‘reopened’ by Prof. Christopher Spencer (University of Sheffield), namely: “how can we ensure that the findings from high quality environment-behaviour research are put into practice in ‘real-world’ applications”? This book outlines current views on the debate along with suggestions on how we might more effectively address this ‘research-practice’ relationship.EPUK is an informal organisation that brings together environmental psychologists and other professionals working in the area of environment-behaviour research. EPUK4 was jointly organised by Dr. Edward Edgerton (University of Paisley) and Dr. Ombretta Romice (University of Strathclyde), and was attended by around sixty international experts in the field.

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