• Political economy
      January 2014

      How Numbers Rule the World

      The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics

      by Lorenzo Fioramonti

      Numbers dominate global politics and, as a result, our everyday lives. Credit ratings steer financial markets and can make or break the future of entire nations. GDP drives our economies. Stock market indices flood our media and national debates. Statistical calculations define how we deal with climate change, poverty and sustainability. But what is behind these numbers? In How Numbers Rule the World, Lorenzo Fioramonti reveals the hidden agendas underpinning the use of statistics and those who control them. Most worryingly, he shows how numbers have been used as a means to reinforce the grip of markets on our social and political life, curtailing public participation and rational debate. An innovative and timely exposé of the politics, power and contestation of numbers.

    • Social research & statistics
      June 2009

      Power, Gender and Social Change in Africa

      by Editor(s): Muna Ndulo and Margaret Grieco

      Gender plays a hugely significant and too often under-considered role in predicting how accessible resources such as education, wage-based employment, physical and mental health care, adequate nutrition and housing will be to an individual or community.According to a 2001 World Bank report titled Engendering Development—Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, enormous disparities exist between men and women in terms of basic rights and the power to determine the future, both in Africa and around the globe. A better understanding of the links between gender, public policy and development outcomes would allow for more effective policy formulation and implementation at many levels. This book, through its discussion of the challenges, achievements and lessons learned in efforts to attain gender equality, sheds light on these important issues.The book contains chapters from an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including sociologists, economists, political scientists, scholars of law, anthropologists, historians and others. The work includes analysis of strategic gender initiatives, case studies, research, and policies as well as conceptual and theoretical pieces. With its format of ideas, resources and recorded experiences as well as theoretical models and best practices, the book is an important contribution to academic and political discourse on the intricate links between gender, power, and social change in Africa and around the world.

    • Regional studies
      January 2008

      Europe and its Regions

      The Usage of European Regionalized Social Science Data

      by Editor(s): Gerd Grözinger, Wenzel Matiaske and C. Katharina Spieß

      Europe is getting closer. So are European social sciences. However, this is easier done in theory development and central research questions. When it comes to data the mutual understanding is far from perfect, due to a lack of knowledge about the data bases of the respective countries and the EU in general. This is particularly true when it comes to the regional level.This volume will help to improve the insight into the rich stock of European datasets which cover any kind of regional information. Many institutions ranging from statistical offices to more academic research centres and commercial enterprises report their offerings with special emphasis on the regional level (e.g. European Community Household Panel, European Social Survey, Labour Force Survey). Central categories such as NUTS and LAU are explained and discussed. In addition, typical examples of socio-economic cross-border and multi-level studies highlight the power of a regionalized European perspective. Furthermore, information about special tools for such type of analysis is included in the volume.

    • Organization & management of education
      December 2006

      Ethnographic and Qualitative Research in Education Volume II

      by Editor(s): Michael Firmin and Patricia Brewer

      The Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Conference (EQRE) is one of two longstanding, national conferences in the United States, focusing specifically on qualitative research. It has a rich history, being previously held at institutions such as the University of Massachusetts and Teachers College, Columbia University. The conference draws scholars from across the nation and internationally to share research focused on qualitative methodology. The 18th annual conference, held in Ohio, represented peer-reviewed contributions from over 100 different scholars.This volume presents some of the highlighted papers presented at the2006 EQRE conference. This includes articles addressing methodological approaches to qualitative research, perspectives relating to English as a Second Language (ESL), action research, connecting human services with educational research, instructional improvement, and culture & environment. The authors' works provide examples both of methodological rigor in qualitative research and also possessing important points of application related to educational professionals. Scholars of qualitative approaches to research as well as educational professionals will find this work particularly apt and a valuable scholarly resource.

    • Research methods: general
      April 2009

      Why Unitary Social Science?

      by Author(s): Ramkrishna Mukherjee

      Why Unitary Social Science? pleads for a comprehensive appraisal of social reality. Tracing the visionary and transformative paths of reality from the subjective to the objective points of view, Mukherjee argues that it is precisely the division of social science into discrete compartments as disciplines that thwarts the emergence of an objective science of society. Social science is seen here as unitary with diverse specialisations emerging from a single base but proliferating endlessly as knowledge advances; neither as different social science disciplines nor as the unified social sciences.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2016

      Changing Values, Attitudes and Behaviours in Ireland

      An Analysis of European Social Survey Data in Ireland, 2002-2012

      by Author(s): Michael J. Breen, Amy Erbe Healy

      The European Social Survey (the ESS) is an academically-driven social survey designed to chart and explain the interaction between Europe’s changing institutions and the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of its diverse populations. Established in 2001, and currently preparing for its seventh round, this biennial cross-sectional survey covers more than thirty nations and employs the most rigorous methodologies. This volume provides an analysis of the Irish data over six rounds of the European Social Survey, focusing on the internal changes over time in Ireland and situating these changes in a broader European context.The book’s core chapter deal with the primary themes of the European Social Survey: Institutional Trust, Democracy and Legitimacy; Political Engagement and Socio-Political Values; Moral and Social Values; Social Capital and Social Exclusion; and National, Ethnic, and Religious Identity. A separate chapter focuses on the survey’s rotating modules, which change from survey to survey. These topics include Citizenship, Involvement and Democracy; Immigration; Well-Being; Health; Economic Morality in Europe and Welfare Attitudes; and Trust in Criminal Justice. Each chapter provides a list of background literature to the topic in Ireland, an analysis of the data that will be both accessible for the general reader, but offering something deeper to the expert, and a clear comparison of how the Irish data fit in with the rest of Europe. This book charts a changing Ireland over a highly significant period of its history. Given the significance of the ESS as the most rigorous social science survey in Europe and the scope of its questionnaires, this volume is highly pertinent both in terms of how it maps political, social, demographic and attitudinal changes in Ireland, and in the way it places those changes within a European context.

    • Probability & statistics
      May 2013

      Two Phase Sampling

      by Author(s): Zahoor Ahmad, Muhammad Qaiser Shahbaz and Muhammad Hanif

      The development of estimators of population parameters based on two-phase sampling schemes has seen a dramatic increase in the past decade. Various authors have developed estimators of population using either one or two auxiliary variables.The present volume is a comprehensive collection of estimators available in single and two phase sampling. The book covers estimators which utilize information on single, two and multiple auxiliary variables of both quantitative and qualitative nature. The estimators discussed in the text are based upon different mechanisms of the availability of auxiliary information, termed here as Full, Partial and No Information. Multivariate estimators in survey sampling are also discussed in the book.Two Phase Sampling will prove an invaluable point of reference for researchers working in the field of survey sampling in general and in the field of two-phase sampling in particular.

    • Child & developmental psychology
      April 2017

      Ageism in Youth Studies

      Generation Maligned

      by Author(s): Gayle Kimball

      Ageism is prevalent in a great deal of current scholarship in the social sciences as scholars fault youth for being delinquent or politically apathetic. Researchers ignore young people’s actual voices, despite their leadership in recent global uprisings, some of which unseated entrenched dictators. Neoliberalism must be exposed in its focus on youth sub-cultures and styles rather than economic barriers caused by growing inequality and rising youth unemployment rates. Ageism in Youth Studies also discusses the debate about “Generation We or Me” and if Millennials are narcissistic. Resources about global youth studies are included, along with the results of the author’s surveys and interviews with over 4,000 young people from 88 countries.

    • Linguistics
      September 2015

      Statistics for Linguists

      A Step-by-Step Guide for Novices

      by Author(s): David Eddington

      Linguists with no background in statistics will find this book to be an accessible introduction to statistics. Concepts are explained in non-technical terms, and mathematical formulas are kept to a minimum. The book incorporates SPSS, which is a statistics package that incorporates a point and click interface rather than complex line-commands. Step-by-step instructions are provided for some of the most widely used statistics in linguistics. At the same time, the concepts behind each procedure are also explained. Traditional analyses such as ANOVA and t-tests are included in the book, but linguistic data is often not amenable to such analyses. For this reason, non-parametric and mixed-effects procedures are also introduced.

    • Social research & statistics
      February 2008

      Research Communication in the Social and Human Sciences

      From Dissemination to Public Engagement

      by Editor(s): Céline Beaudet, Pamela Grant, and Doreen Starke-Meyerring

      The sharing of knowledge is one of the key elements of a society's economic, social, scientific and cultural development. Social and human science research addresses some of society's most pressing problems, such as poverty, illiteracy, high dropout rates in schools, marginalization of social groups to name but a few. Despite its vital role in building a civil society, research in the social and human sciences has been criticized for being little known by the public. This lack of large-scale visibility detracts from its social and scientific significance and legitimacy in a media-driven society.To address this pressing need for sharing social and human science knowledge and to overcome the paradox of its invisibility, this book brings together researchers from across disciplines in the social and human sciences who have identified the challenges in communicating across boundaries of researcher and practitioner communities and who have begun to develop solutions ranging from research dissemination in the media to stakeholder engagement in research networks and partnerships.

    • Probability & statistics
      October 2010

      Ranked Set Sampling

      by Editor(s): Munir Ahmad, Muhammad Hanif and Hassen A. Muttlak

      Ranked Set Sampling is one of the new areas of study in this region of the world and is a growing subject of research. Recently, researchers have paid attention to the development of the types of sampling; though it was not welcome in the beginning, it has numerous advantages over the classical sampling techniques. Ranked Set Sampling is doubly random and can be used in any survey designs.The Pakistan Journal of Statistics had attracted statisticians and samplers around the world to write up aspects of Ranked Set Sampling. All of the essays in this book have been reviewed by many critics.This volume can be used as a reference book for postgraduate students in economics, social sciences, medical and biological sciences, and statistics. The subject is still a hot topic for MPhil and PhD students for their dissertations.

    • Child & developmental psychology
      April 2017

      Ageism in Youth Studies

      Generation Maligned

      by Author(s): Gayle Kimball

      Ageism is prevalent in a great deal of current scholarship in the social sciences as scholars fault youth for being delinquent or politically apathetic. Researchers ignore young people’s actual voices, despite their leadership in recent global uprisings, some of which unseated entrenched dictators. Neoliberalism must be exposed in its focus on youth sub-cultures and styles rather than economic barriers caused by growing inequality and rising youth unemployment rates. Ageism in Youth Studies also discusses the debate about “Generation We or Me” and if Millennials are narcissistic. Resources about global youth studies are included, along with the results of the author’s surveys and interviews with over 4,000 young people from 88 countries.

    • Research methods: general
      March 2010

      Internet Survey Methodology

      by Author(s): Charles V. Balch

      This book provides the understandings needed for researchers to develop scientifically validated internet survey methods.Except by chance, inaccurate data will provide results that have little or no validity or reliability. ‘Garbage In Garbage Out’ (GIGO) is a term commonly used in the computer industry to remind us that, if the data being analyzed are incorrect, the result will likewise be incorrect. While no survey design system can correct for improper sampling or poor item construction, it is essential to have a survey platform that allows for and supports best practices in presentation, sampling, data collection, and analysis—all as supported by research.

    • Social research & statistics
      November 2015

      Muslim Identity Formation in Religiously Diverse Societies

      by Editor(s): Derya Iner, Salih Yucel

      This book centres on the key concept of diversity and relates it to the identity formation of Muslims. Muslim identity differs specifically within certain theological, social, political and regional circumstances and discourses. Considering the diversity of societies and the numerous factors contributing to the shaping of Muslim identity, this book brings together examples from different parts of the world, including Western societies, and each chapter focuses on separate determinants of individual, communal, political, institutional, civic and national Muslim identities, offering a blueprint for identity studies. A particular strength of the book is its detailed investigation of the complexity of identity formation and the heterogeneity of the Muslim experience.In addition to including a variety of themes and cases from different parts of the world, diverse methodologies, including quantitative and qualitative research methods, further enrich the book. The contributors’ academic backgrounds and organic relationships with their communities enable them to develop their arguments with insight. Furthermore, by giving voice to academics from different nationalities, this book reflects neither a predominantly Western nor a distinctly Eastern approach, but instead gives a balanced view from critical academia globally.

    • Cultural studies
      January 2016

      Values, World Society and Modelling Yearbook 2014

      by Author(s): Gordon Burt

      The Values, World Society and Modelling Yearbook 2014 analyses contemporary world events, drawing on foundational ideas in various academic disciplines. The year 2014 was the centenary of the start of the First World War and the seventieth anniversary of the Normandy landings in the Second World War. The year saw violent conflict in Ukraine and the rise of the Islamic State in parts of Syria and Iraq. A referendum was held in Scotland to decide whether to stay in the UK. Centrist parties lost ground in the European Parliament elections and a general election was held in India, the biggest ever election in the world. Thomas Piketty sparked debate with his analysis of growing inequality in capitalist economies. Politicians in the UK talked about ‘British values’ and debated ‘is Britain Christian?’ The British Museum lent one of the Elgin Marbles to the Hermitage in St. Petersburg and Putin made overtures to China. In California, Elliot Rodger went on the rampage, killing six people. Malala Yousafzay won the Nobel Peace Prize, Maryam Mirzakhani won the Fields Medal and Judit Polgar retired from international chess. Germany won the World Cup in Brazil. Echoes of the Big Bang confirmed the theory of how the universe began. The 2014 Yearbook discusses these events alongside a variety of other specific events and general issues. In addition, this book includes the speech given by Kevin Avruch when he was joint recipient of the Conflict Research Society Book of the Year Prize 2014 for his book Context and Pretext in Conflict Resolution.

    • Sociology & anthropology
      April 2014

      Society Building

      A China Model of Social Development

      by Editor(s): Xiangqun Chang

      In China’s future social development, there is likely to be an interest in “society building” with interactions between top-down and bottom-up approaches, along with a deepened level of social reform and the construction of a harmonious or “symbiotic” society. This represents one of China’s social development models, and is reflected in the Communist Party of China (CPC) and state policy. The term “society building” was proposed by Chinese thinkers nearly one century ago, and has been used by Chinese sociologists to study Chinese society since the 1930s. In the 21st century, “society building” has been approached as an interdisciplinary concept by Chinese social scientists. The main concern of China for its future social development is to enhance its people’s wellbeing and encourage them to build Chinese society in innovative and creative ways. This volume showcases the latest research of non-Chinese scholars relating to this indigenous concept and to China’s social development in the global context. It tackles the following topics: the assessment of the social impact of infrastructure projects; China’s reforms and its changing political system; whether or not the Singapore model is suitable for China to follow; soft power through education; and boundaries, cosmopolitanisms and spaces in Chinese and international cities. The book will be of interest to academics, professionals, practitioners, university students and the general public seeking a comprehensive understanding of China.

    • Economic growth
      November 2018

      Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Development in Africa

      by Author(s): Issouf Soumaré, Gaston Gohou, Hugues Kouadio, Janvier D. Nkurunziza

      This book explores several aspects of foreign direct investment (FDI) and their linkages to African economies. It will appeal to policy makers, development agency professionals and researchers, based as it is on stylized facts and rigorous analytical studies. The reader will find state-of-the-art analyses on FDI-related topics throughout the chapters. Policy makers and development professionals will find in this book a useful guide to draw sound policies based on facts and rigorous analyses.

    • Social research & statistics
      December 2007

      Dispersion of Meaning

      The Fading Out of the Doctrinaire World?

      by Author(s): Matko Meštrović

      This book present interdisciplinary research in the social sciences and humanities by connecting seemingly disparate sources through a sensitivity to endangered human values. It links reflections on the contemporary relationship between art and technology in a post-modern context, seeing art in terms of crossing boundaries and exploring virtuality. It deals with the consequences of economics colonising other disciplines, in terms of the processes by which the “social” becomes the “economic”. Using Jantsch’s evolutionary paradigm, the concept of self-transcendence is seen as crucial for the understanding of human beings and their social systems. Incorporating recent thinking from the natural sciences, the learning process can be conceived as the life and activity of all complex systems, including those once conceived as organisms, machines, cultures or economies. Without the societal embrace of scientific and technological development no collective or individual meaning can be assigned to the production of new knowledge. The book seeks to recognise the point where a collective learning process becomes the heart of productivity, and where the shift from the hegemony of material labour to immaterial labour becomes fundamental. The author brings new understandings of art, the social, and technology together, based on the idea that history is not a story told in separate physical, social and spiritual spaces and that the most fundamental problem of today is how to find some shared meaning in a fractured world. “The author analyses, at a global level, the process of the co-production of scientific and social order, of culture and technology, of life sciences and economic and political regimes. It rightly identifies the rise of the role of knowledge and the move of capital into life sciences as a new stage in the history of capitalism: what we can qualify as cognitive capitalism or biocapitalism. In this new era of capitalism, what is being manufactured and sold are not just tangible and non-tangible goods, whose increasing importance, as the author shows, poses unsurmountable theoretical problems to the theoretical apparatus of economic science. The increasing mercantilisation of the world appears at the same time as a bio-power, i.e. a set of instruments creating and controlling different forms of life, forms of communication, standards of socialisation, education, the individual and collective imaginary, etc. More fundamentally, the encounter of life sciences and the information technology integrates and subjects the most essential mechanisms of biological and social reproduction to the logic of capital valorization. To understand the complexity of these changes and the ethical and philosophical questions that the development of technology and sciences poses to the future of mankind one must break through the disciplinary barriers delineating different disciplines in social sciences and those separating social sciences from natural sciences. Professor Matko Mestrovic manages to tackle this challenge not only because of his impressive and masterful knowledge of different disciplines in the social and natural sciences, but he does it also owing to his capacity for theoretical elaboration that allows him to lay the foundations of a new transdisciplinary paradigm.This is why his work can raise the awareness of the general public on two issues: on a global and profound vision of the challenges posed by the new millennium; and on the need for a radical theoretical innovation bringing into question the disciplinary certitudes in develop a social science able to better understand the movement and the ambiguity of history.”— Carlo Vercellone, Université de Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne“Meštrović provides a unique insight into the often forgotten relation between economics on the one hand and arts and culture on the other, demonstrating that these „domains“ function as a total social facticity and not as separate, entirely independent elements thereof. In doing so he is dispelling the illusions about the disciplinary self-containdness of individual forms of knowledge and is relying on those paradigms of contemporary scientific thought whose „epistemiological programs“ are based on close cooperation and „opening up“ and not on the persuasion about one's own positions and dispositions.”— Prof. dr. Rade Kalanj, Redovni profesor na Odjelu za sociologiju

    • Philosophy & theory of education
      September 2012

      The Coherence of the Inchoate

      Children and the Internet

      by Author(s): Albin Wallace

      This book examines and compares the in-school and out-of-school use of the internet by children. Previous research and recent writings on this topic are examined and a theoretical framework is formed that eclectically draws on a number of sources, including postmodern authors.Through the use of a mixed methodology, it was found that informal learning using the internet often appears as self-motivated with a strong sense of ownership both of content creation and social networking. It is often generated by a real, purposeful need by the children themselves, often with the assistance of their peers.Schools should be places where literacy in new media can be developed. The concern is that school and home practices may diverge to the point where school use becomes increasingly irrelevant to children’s lives.

    • Social issues & processes
      February 2014

      The European Culture for Human Rights

      The Right to Happiness

      by Editor(s): Elena Zamfir, Filomena Maggino

      This book represents a collection of a selected papers from an international conference focusing on “the right to happiness”, held in Bucharest in December 2012, organized by Dimitie Cantemir Christian Bucharest University, the Romanian Academy’s Research Institute for Quality of Life – Bucharest and the Romanian Institute for Human Rights – Bucharest. The analysis of happiness from the perspective of the quality of life is a unique development in human rights literature. This analysis is based on people having an active role in bestowing meaning on different components of their life. People have the means and the power to decide whether their life is good or bad by taking into account their subjective perceptions, such as how different domains, such as the family, professional, and civic realms, of their lives interact and what their meanings for their entire lives are. In truth, modern society, faced with multiple risks of development, has to be controlled by the wisdom or rationality of collective ethics principles in order to grant individual satisfaction. Its means of development through cutting edge technology can contribute to human accomplishments, but also to human downfalls. Thus, in a modern culture, responsible control of technology becomes mandatory. In today’s world, it is impossible to talk about individual satisfaction without collective morals, without the collective responsibility that guides the directions of development of humankind. This book discusses the issue of quality of life, and sustains a pragmatic vision of the pursuit of happiness and well-being, based on changes aimed at the continual improvement of one’s interior and exterior universe.

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