• Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500
      January 2017

      Handbook of Greek Sculpture

      by Olga Palagia

      The Handbook of Greek Sculpture incorporates new developments in popular areas of research like polychromy, sculptural techniques, sculpture in Roman Greece, and the contribution of Greek sculptors in Rome. It highlights regional output and explores questions of function and patronage. The contribution of great masters and the styles of the main periods of Greek art are also discussed. ;

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Philosophy and Salvation in Greek Religion

      by Vishwa Adluri

      Ever since Vlastos’ “Theology and Philosophy in Early Greek Thought,” scholars have known that a consideration of ancient philosophy without attention to its theological, cosmological and soteriological dimensions remains onesided. Yet, philosophers continue to discuss thinkers such as Parmenides and Plato without knowledge of their debt to the archaic religious traditions. Perhaps our own religious prejudices allow us to see only a “polis religion” in Greek religion, while our modern philosophical openness and emphasis on reason induce us to rehabilitate ancient philosophy by what we consider the highest standard of knowledge: proper argumentation. Yet, it is possible to see ancient philosophy as operating according to a different system of meaning, a different “logic.” Such a different sense of logic operates in myth and other narratives, where the argument is neither completely illogical nor rational in the positivist sense. The articles in this volume undertake a critical engagement with this unspoken legacy of Greek religion. The aim of the volume as a whole is to show how, beyond the formalities and fallacies of arguments, something more profound is at stake in ancient philosophy: the salvation of the philosopher-initiate.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      December 2000

      Ammonius and the Seabattle

      Texts, Commentary and Essays

      by Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      March 2010

      Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity

      by Miguel Herrero de Jáuregui

      Many recent discoveries have confirmed the importance of Orphism for ancient Greek religion, philosophy and literature. Its nature and role are still, however, among the most debated problems of Classical scholarship. A cornerstone of the question is its relationship to Christianity, which modern authors have too often discussed from apologetic perspectives or projections of the Christian model into its supposed precedent. Besides, modern approaches are strongly based on ancient ones, since Orpheus and the poems and mysteries attributed to him were fundamental in the religious controversies of Late Antiquity. Both Pagan and Christian authors often present Orphism as a precedent, alternative or imitation of Chistianity.This free and thorough study of the ancient sources sheds light on these controversial questions. The presence of the Orphic tradition in Imperial Age, documented by literary and epigraphical evidence, is confronted with the informations transmitted by Christian apologists on Orphic poems and cults. The manifold Christian treatments of Pagan sources, and their particular value to understand Greek religion, are illuminated by this specific case, which exemplifies the complex encounter between Classical culture and Jewish-Christian tradition.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      June 2017

      Logos und Praxis

      Sparta als politisches Exemplum in den Schriften des Isokrates

      by Thomas Blank

      Dem Athener Isokrates (ca. 436–338 v.Chr.) schreibt man seit jeher eine maßgebliche Rolle bei der ideengeschichtlichen Trennung von Rhetorik und Philosophie zu. Besonders die historischen Exempla in seinen Reden galten dabei lange Zeit als Beleg dafür, dass der ‚Erbe der Sophistik‘ als Hauptgegner Platons den Anspruch sachlicher Moralität und Wahrhaftigkeit dem Zweck der Demonstration rhetorischer Brillanz untergeordnet habe. Thomas Blank untersucht in seiner Dissertation die Verwendung des bei Isokrates besonders prominenten Exemplums Sparta in dessen gesamtem Werk. Dabei werden erstmals Isokrates’ eigene Bemerkungen zur technischen Gültigkeit bestimmter Argumentationsweisen für die Interpretation berücksichtigt. Es lässt sich zeigen, dass die scheinbaren Widersprüche im isokratischen Spartabild Folge einer Vorführung konkurrierender Argumentationstypen sind. Isokrates’ technische Kommentare dienen als Hinweise darauf, dass nur manche der von ihm präsentierten Argumente plausibel sein sollen. Gegen die These von der tyrannischen Macht des logos setzt er, Platon keineswegs fernstehend, die Forderung nach Moralität der Rede und fordert die Athener am Beispiel Spartas dazu auf, rhetorisch bekundete moralische Ansprüche auch in praktisches Handeln umzusetzen.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      February 1972

      Der Text der aristotelischen Rhetorik

      Prolegomena zu einer kritischen Ausgabe

      by Rudolf Kassel

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      June 2017

      Seneca Philosophus

      by Jula Wildberger, Marcia L. Colish

      Addressing classicists, philosophers, students, and general readers alike, this volume emphasizes the unity of Seneca's work and his originality as a translator of Stoic ideas in the literary forms of imperial Rome. It features a vitalizing diversity of contributors from different generations, disciplines, and research cultures. Several prominent Seneca scholars publishing in other languages are for the first time made accessible to anglophone readers.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Space in Hellenistic Philosophy

      Critical Studies in Ancient Physics

      by Graziano Ranocchia, Christoph Helmig, Christoph Horn

      Historically speaking, the majority of efforts in the study of ancient Greek physics have traditionally been devoted either to the analysis of the surviving evidence concerning Presocratic philosophers or to the systematic examination of the Platonic and the Aristotelian oeuvre. The aim of this volume is to discuss the notion of space by focusing on the most representative exponents of the Hellenistic schools and to explore the role played by spatial concepts in both coeval and later authors who, without specifically thematising these concepts, made use of them in a theoretically original way. To this purpose, renowned scholars investigate the philosophical and historical significance of the different conceptions of space endorsed by various thinkers ranging from the end of the Classical period to the middle Imperial age. Thus, the volume brings to light the problematical character of the ancient reflection on this topic.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      August 2018

      Aristoteles’ Konzeption der Zurechnung

      by Béatrice Lienemann

      Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass Aristoteles eine originelle Konzeption der Zurechnung entwickelt, auch wenn er noch über keinen Ausdruck für Zurechnung verfügt. Die Frage nach der Zurechnung ist zu verstehen als die Frage danach, (i) unter welchen Bedingungen und zu welchem Grad Handlungen einem Akteur als seine eigenen Handlungen, für die er (moralisch) verantwortlich ist, zurechenbar sind und (ii) inwieweit ein Akteur auch für seine Dispositionen, die seinen Handlungen zugrunde liegen, verantwortlich ist. Aristoteles’ Konzeption ist innovativ, weil er Willentlichkeit weder als notwendige noch als hinreichende Bedingung für Zurechenbarkeit erweist und weil er nicht nur Handlungen, sondern auch Dispositionen, die Handlungen zugrunde liegen, als Zurechnungsgegenstände auffasst. Die Studie macht die Vielschichtigkeit und Graduierbarkeit des aristotelischen Zurechnungsbegriff sichtbar, indem sie die Konzeption der Zurechnung auf besondere Arten von Handlungen wie z.B. plötzliche Handlungen, Handlungen aus Zorn (thymos) oder akratische Handlungen anwendet. In systematischer Hinsicht stellt die Studie Bezüge zu Gegenwartspositionen her und zeigt, dass die aristotetelische Position auch für aktuelle Debatten anschlussfähig ist.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      February 2018

      The Elements of Avicenna's Physics

      Greek Sources and Arabic Innovations

      by Andreas Lammer

      This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the physical theory of the Islamic philosopher Avicenna (d. 1037). It seeks to understand his contribution against the developments within the preceding Greek and Arabic intellectual milieus, and to appreciate his philosophy as such by emphasising his independence as a critical and systematic thinker. Exploring Avicenna’s method of "teaching and learning," it investigates the implications of his account of the natural body as a three-dimensionally extended composite of matter and form, and examines his views on nature as a principle of motion and his analysis of its relation to soul. Moreover, it demonstrates how Avicenna defends the Aristotelian conception of place against the strident criticism of his predecessors, among other things, by disproving the existence of void and space. Finally, it sheds new light on Avicenna’s account of the essence and the existence of time. For the first time taking into account the entire range of Avicenna’s major writings, this study fills a gap in our understanding both of the history of natural philosophy in general and of the philosophy of Avicenna in particular.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      December 2018

      Der Umschlag von allem in nichts

      Theorie tragischer Erfahrung

      by Asmus Trautsch

      Dieses Buch macht das Korpus der griechischen Tragödien und ihre philosophische Reflexion für eine neue Theorie tragischer Erfahrung fruchtbar, die zum ersten Mal die leidenden Individuen in den Mittelpunkt rückt. Asmus Trautsch erschließt sowohl das ethische als auch das ästhetische Potenzial der Tragödie für die Gegenwart und liest sie als erstaunlich treffsicheres Modell für die mittlerweile global wirksamen Selbstgefährdungen des Menschen.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      January 1994

      Aristotelica Helvetica

      Catalogus codicum latinorum in bibliothecis Confederationis Helveticae asservatorum quibus versiones expositionesque operum Aristotelis continentur

      by Carolus Lohr

      Starting with Volume 13, the renowned series of books from the Medieval Studies Institute of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, is being published by Walter de Gruyter. The series presents a high-quality scholarly forum for interdisciplinary research in medieval studies. Its mission is to advance understanding of medieval literature, philosophy and art through soundly based research contributions. Apart from the volumes of proceedings of the biennial interdisciplinary Fribourg Colloquia, the SCRINIUM FRIBURGENSE series produces monographs from specific subject areas or from combinations of medieval subject areas represented in the Institute, i.e. general history, art history and the history of philosophy, Early Christian and Byzantine archaeology, and medieval literatures in Latin and the vernaculars. The studies contained in SCRINIUM FRIBURGENSE are distinguished by their continuation of well-established traditions of research, by the plurality of their methods, by the innovativeness of the questions posed and by their transdisciplinary methodological approach. The series is, of course, open to manuscripts from external scholars on problems of medieval research which match the profile of the series.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      April 1828

      Der Staat

      by Friedrich Schleiermacher, Plato

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      April 1908

      Paradoxa stoicorum, Academicorum reliquiae Lucullo, Timaeus

      by Otto Plasberg, Marcus Tullius Cicero

      Die Bibliotheca Teubneriana, established in 1849, has evolved into the world's most venerable and extensive series of editions of Greek and Latin literature, ranging from classical to Neo-Latin texts. Some 4-5 new editions are published every year. A team of renowned scholars in the field of Classical Philology acts as advisory board: Gian Biagio Conte (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa)James Diggle (University of Cambridge)Donald J. Mastronarde (University of California, Berkeley)Franco Montanari (Università di Genova)Heinz-Günther Nesselrath (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)Dirk Obbink (University of Oxford)Oliver Primavesi (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München)Michael D. Reeve (University of Cambridge)Richard J. Tarrant (Harvard University) Formerly out-of-print editions are offered as print-on-demand reprints. Furthermore, all new books in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana series are published as eBooks. The older volumes of the series are being successively digitized and made available as eBooks.If you are interested in ordering an out-of-print edition, which hasn't been yet made available as print-on-demand reprint, please contact us: Kerstin.Haensch@degruyter.com All editions of Latin texts published in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana are collected in the online database BTL Online.

    • Literature & Literary Studies
      April 1911

      De natura deorum

      by Otto Plasberg, Marcus Tullius Cicero

      Die Bibliotheca Teubneriana, established in 1849, has evolved into the world's most venerable and extensive series of editions of Greek and Latin literature, ranging from classical to Neo-Latin texts. Some 4-5 new editions are published every year. A team of renowned scholars in the field of Classical Philology acts as advisory board: Gian Biagio Conte (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa)James Diggle (University of Cambridge)Donald J. Mastronarde (University of California, Berkeley)Franco Montanari (Università di Genova)Heinz-Günther Nesselrath (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)Dirk Obbink (University of Oxford)Oliver Primavesi (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München)Michael D. Reeve (University of Cambridge)Richard J. Tarrant (Harvard University) Formerly out-of-print editions are offered as print-on-demand reprints. Furthermore, all new books in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana series are published as eBooks. The older volumes of the series are being successively digitized and made available as eBooks.If you are interested in ordering an out-of-print edition, which hasn't been yet made available as print-on-demand reprint, please contact us: Kerstin.Haensch@degruyter.com All editions of Latin texts published in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana are collected in the online database BTL Online.

    • Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500

      The Feminine Symptom

      Aleatory Matter in the Aristotelian Cosmos

      by Emanuela Bianchi

      The Feminine Symptom takes as its starting point the problem of female offspring for Aristotle: If form is transmitted by the male and the female provides only matter, how is a female child produced? Aristotle answers that there must be some fault or misstep in the process. This inexplicable but necessary coincidence—sumptoma in Greek—defines the feminine symptom. Departing from the standard associations of male-activity-form and female-passivity-matter, Bianchi traces the operation of chance and spontaneity throughout Aristotle’s biology, physics, cosmology, and metaphysics and argues that it is not passive but aleatory matter— unpredictable, ungovernable, and acting against nature and teleology—that he continually allies with the feminine. Aristotle’s pervasive disparagement of the female as a mild form of monstrosity thus works to shore up his polemic against the aleatory and to consolidate patriarchal teleology in the face of atomism and Empedocleanism. Bianchi concludes by connecting her analysis to recent biological and materialist political thinking, and makes the case for a new, antiessentialist politics of aleatory feminism.

    • Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500

      The Feminine Symptom

      Aleatory Matter in the Aristotelian Cosmos

      by Emanuela Bianchi

      The Feminine Symptom takes as its starting point the problem of female offspring for Aristotle: If form is transmitted by the male and the female provides only matter, how is a female child produced? Aristotle answers that there must be some fault or misstep in the process. This inexplicable but necessary coincidence—sumptoma in Greek—defines the feminine symptom. Departing from the standard associations of male-activity-form and female-passivity-matter, Bianchi traces the operation of chance and spontaneity throughout Aristotle’s biology, physics, cosmology, and metaphysics and argues that it is not passive but aleatory matter— unpredictable, ungovernable, and acting against nature and teleology—that he continually allies with the feminine. Aristotle’s pervasive disparagement of the female as a mild form of monstrosity thus works to shore up his polemic against the aleatory and to consolidate patriarchal teleology in the face of atomism and Empedocleanism. Bianchi concludes by connecting her analysis to recent biological and materialist political thinking, and makes the case for a new, antiessentialist politics of aleatory feminism.

    • Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500

      The Feminine Symptom

      Aleatory Matter in the Aristotelian Cosmos

      by Emanuela Bianchi

      The Feminine Symptom takes as its starting point the problem of female offspring for Aristotle: If form is transmitted by the male and the female provides only matter, how is a female child produced? Aristotle answers that there must be some fault or misstep in the process. This inexplicable but necessary coincidence—sumptoma in Greek—defines the feminine symptom. Departing from the standard associations of male-activity-form and female-passivity-matter, Bianchi traces the operation of chance and spontaneity throughout Aristotle’s biology, physics, cosmology, and metaphysics and argues that it is not passive but aleatory matter— unpredictable, ungovernable, and acting against nature and teleology—that he continually allies with the feminine. Aristotle’s pervasive disparagement of the female as a mild form of monstrosity thus works to shore up his polemic against the aleatory and to consolidate patriarchal teleology in the face of atomism and Empedocleanism. Bianchi concludes by connecting her analysis to recent biological and materialist political thinking, and makes the case for a new, antiessentialist politics of aleatory feminism.

    • Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500

      The Feminine Symptom

      Aleatory Matter in the Aristotelian Cosmos

      by Emanuela Bianchi

      The Feminine Symptom takes as its starting point the problem of female offspring for Aristotle: If form is transmitted by the male and the female provides only matter, how is a female child produced? Aristotle answers that there must be some fault or misstep in the process. This inexplicable but necessary coincidence—sumptoma in Greek—defines the feminine symptom. Departing from the standard associations of male-activity-form and female-passivity-matter, Bianchi traces the operation of chance and spontaneity throughout Aristotle’s biology, physics, cosmology, and metaphysics and argues that it is not passive but aleatory matter— unpredictable, ungovernable, and acting against nature and teleology—that he continually allies with the feminine. Aristotle’s pervasive disparagement of the female as a mild form of monstrosity thus works to shore up his polemic against the aleatory and to consolidate patriarchal teleology in the face of atomism and Empedocleanism. Bianchi concludes by connecting her analysis to recent biological and materialist political thinking, and makes the case for a new, antiessentialist politics of aleatory feminism.

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