• History
      November 2015

      Jimmy Hoffa Called My Mom A Bitch: Profiles in Stupidity

      by Jason H. Vines

      The book is broken up into various chapters of stupidity: Stupid Democrats, Stupid Republicans, Stupid Atheists, Stupid Christians, Stupid Criminals, Stupid Policies, Stupid People and so on. The “Stupid Criminals” chapter contains one of my favorite columns that appeared on the Detroit News’ political website. The June 29, 2010 column is titled “Globe Al Warming Gets Rubbed the Wrong Way,” and it takes on allegations that the former VP got inappropriately horny with female masseuse at a Portland, Oregon hotel. That column also continues the sick, yet hilarious saga of Otis “Masturgate” Mathis, the illiterate (no kidding), former head of Detroit Public Schools who was forced out after he admittedly fondled himself in front of numerous female superintendents. No, I am not making this up. I coined the scandal “Masturgate” and it soon became the rage in Detroit media and made my column one of the most popular on the site.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      May 2015

      Anne Frank's Tree

      Nature’s Confrontation with Technology, Domination, and the Holocaust

      by Eric Katz

      In this important and original interdisciplinary work, well-known environmental philosopher Eric Katz explores technology’s role in dominating both nature and humanity. He argues that technology dominates, and hence destroys, the natural world; it dominates, and hence destroys, critical aspects of human life and society. Technology causes an estrangement from nature, and thus a loss of meaning in human life. As a result, humans lose the power to make moral and social choices; they lose the power to control their lives. Katz’s argument innovatively connects two distinct areas of thought: the fundamental goal of the Holocaust, including Nazi environmental policy, to heal the degenerate elements of society; and the plan to heal degraded natural systems that informs the contemporary environmental policy of ‘ecological restoration’. In both arenas of ‘healing’, Katz argues that technological forces drive action, while domination emerges as the prevailing ideology. Katz’s work is a plea for the development of a technology that does not dominate and destroy but instead promotes autonomy and freedom. Anne Frank, a victim of Nazi ideology and action, saw the titular tree behind her secret annex as a symbol of freedom and moral goodness. In Katz’s argument, the tree represents a free and autonomous nature, resistant to human control and domination. Anne Frank’s Tree is rooted in an empirical approach to philosophy, seating complex ethical ideas in an accessible and powerful narrative of historical fact and deeply personal lived experience. The book is essentially a meditation on the opposing themes of domination and autonomy as they relate to the uses of technology in environmental policy and in the genocidal policies of the Holocaust. Rather than an abstract, or theoretical, examination of the concepts of ‘domination’ and ‘autonomy,’ the book undertakes a robust pragmatic investigation into the ways in which these themes ‘cash-out’ in specific real-life or historical situations. It is a work in ‘empirical’ or ‘historical’ philosophy, for the meaning of the philosophical ideas and the arguments used to justify them flow out of a detailed understanding of historical and practical reality as well as personal lived experience. The overall argument of the book is this: There is a connection between the destruction of nature and the destruction of specific human cultures, although this connection is not often perceived or understood. The analysis of environmental problems dealing with the degradation of natural systems is generally seen as distinct from the analysis of human historical problems such as war, imperialism, and genocide. But on the level of practical or physical reality, it can be seen that science and technology plays a significant and crucial role in this connection; moreover, on the conceptual level, the ideology of domination and control is the connecting theme. By the examination of several case studies or historical examples, we can see the pervasive power of the idea of domination expressed through the development and use of science and technology. Technology dominates, and hence destroys the natural world; it dominates, and hence destroys, critical aspects of human life and society. In this realm of technological domination, humans lose the power to make moral and social choices; they lose the power to control their lives. To avoid or overcome this evil of domination, we must turn to the ideas of autonomy and freedom as our primary goals of the development and use of technology. Anne Frank’s tree can serve as a symbol of the resistance to domination and oppression and the need for the preservation of freedom and autonomy both in human society and in the natural world.

    • Western philosophy: Ancient, to c 500
      January 2017

      Handbook of Greek Sculpture

      by Olga Palagia

      The Handbook of Greek Sculpture incorporates new developments in popular areas of research like polychromy, sculptural techniques, sculpture in Roman Greece, and the contribution of Greek sculptors in Rome. It highlights regional output and explores questions of function and patronage. The contribution of great masters and the styles of the main periods of Greek art are also discussed. ;

    • Humanities & Social Sciences

      A General Collection of Analects and Thoughts of Confucius and His Disci-ples

      by Yang Chaoming

      Standing from a high-level academic perspective and a cutting-edge academic front, the book absorbs some of the important previous researches and gives detailed and precise annotations and translations of analects and thoughts of Confucius and his disciples. It is believed that the collection has been handed down from the older generations of the Confucius’s family and it is the most reliable and original material on Confucianism. Being easy to read, the book is of high popularizing and academic value.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 2018

      Rationalization in Religions

      Judaism, Christianity and Islam

      by Yohanan Friedmann, Christoph Markschies

      Current tendencies in religious studies and theology show a growing interest for the interchange between religions and the cultures of rationalization surrounding them. The studies published in this volume, based on the international conferences of both the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften and the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, aim to contribute to this field of interest by dealing with concepts and influences of rationalization in Judaism, Christianity, Islam and religion in general. In addition to taking a closer look at the immediate links in the history of tradition between those rationalizing movements and evolutions in religion, emphasis is put on intellectual-historical convergences: Therefore, the articles are led by central comparative questions, such as what factors foster/hinder rationalization?; where are criteria for rationalization drawn from?; in which institutions is rationalization taking place?; who propagates, supports and utilizes rationalization?

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Deutsche Ideologie. Zur Kritik der Philosophie

      Manuskripte in chronologischer Anordnung

      by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Gerald Hubmann, Ulrich Pagel

      Die Manuskripte von Marx und Engels zur Kritik der Deutschen Ideologie sind fragmentarisch geblieben. Die vorliegende Ausgabe präsentiert sie in zentralen Auszügen und chronologisch geordnet. Damit erlaubt sie einen aufschlussreichen ‚Blick in die Werkstatt‘. Im Zuge der grundsätzlichen Kritik an der deutschen Philosophie und am deutschen Sozialismus entwickeln Marx und Engels den eigenen terminologischen und theoretischen Rahmen: Begriffe differenzieren sich aus, Manuskriptfragmente über Arbeitsteilung sowie das Verhältnis von Sein und Bewusstsein entstehen. Die Texte werden hier auf der Grundlage der historisch-kritischen Edition in der Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (MEGA) in chronologischer Anordnung wiedergegeben und durch wichtige Textvarianten ergänzt. Beigegebene Manuskriptseiten im Faksimile-Druck zeigen die intensive gemeinsame Arbeit von Marx und Engels, ebenso aber auch den Entwurfscharakter und den schlechten Erhaltungszustand vieler Manuskripte.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 2018

      Religion und Gesellschaft

      Sinnstiftungssysteme im Konflikt

      by Friedrich Wilhelm Graf, Jens-Uwe Hartmann

      Religion ist auf die Agenda moderner Gesellschaften zurückgekehrt. Vor allem außerhalb Europas entfalten religiöse Akteure verstärkt große Mobilisierungskraft, erzeugen mit ihren Sinnangeboten aber auch neue Konflikte. Religion kann zur Integration von Gesellschaften beitragen, aber auch Polarisierungstendenzen verstärkender jeweils Anderen, Fremden begründen. Die Schattenseiten religiösen Bewusstseins werden ebenso erkundet wie neue charismatische Christentümer sowie die Faszinationskraft alternativer Sinnstiftungsangebote bis hin zur Esoterik.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      September 2018

      New Perspectives on Distributive Justice

      Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus

      by Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder, Nurdane Şimsek

      Distributive justice is one of the most discussed topics in political philosophy. Focusing on the plurality of irreconcilable conceptions of social and political justice, this book presents an array of new perspectives on the topic. Bringing together more than 20 original essays of well-established and young international scholars, the volume is essential reading for anyone interested in social and political justice.

    • Social & political philosophy
      May 2015

      First Measures of the Coming Insurrection

      by Eric Hazan and Kamo

      We have witnessed a beginning, the birth of a new age of revolt and upheaval. In North Africa and the Middle East it took the people a matter of days to topple what were supposedly entrenched regimes. Now, to the west, multiple crises are etching away at a 'democratic consensus' that has, since the 1970's, plagued and suppressed any sparks of revolutionary potential. It is time to prepare for the coming insurrection. In this bold and beautifully written book, Eric Hazan and Kamo provide a short account of what is to be done in the aftermath of a regime's demise: how to prevent any power from restoring itself and how to reorganise society without a central authority and according to the people's needs. Arguing that neither the reshuffling of political leadership, in the guise of 'democratic transition' or 'constitutional progress', nor a 'transition period', classically advocated by 20th century communists, between a capitalist social order and a communist horizon will do, The Irreversible Insurrection is more than the voice of a new generation of revolutionary, it is the manual for the coming, global revolution.

    • Philosophy
      April 2015

      Can Non-Europeans Think?

      with a foreword by Pankaj Mishra

      by Hamid Dabashi

      What happens with thinkers who operate outside the European philosophical 'pedigree'? In this powerfully honed polemic, Dabashi argues that they are invariably marginalised, patronised and mis-represented. Challenging, pugnacious, but also stylish, Can Non-Europeans Think? forges a new perspective in postcolonial studies by looking at how intellectual debate continues to reinforce a colonial regime of knowledge, albeit in a new guise. Based on years of intellectual work and activism, Dabashi delivers a provocative and insightful collection of observations and philosophical explorations, which is certain to unsettle and delight in equal measure.

    • Literature: history & criticism
      September 1999

      Beginning Postmodernism

      by Tim Woods

      The first volume of Manchester University Press' 'Beginnings' series, which is based on Peter Barry's critically aclaimed bestseller, Beginning theoryThis brilliant digest offers a clear, step-by-step introduction to postmodernism on every discourse a. . . .

    • Western philosophy, from c 1900 -
      December 1988

      The Difference of Man and the Difference It Makes

      by Mortimer J. Adler

      In this work, Adler explores how human beings differ from all other things in the universe. He brings to bear both philosophical insight and informed scientific hypotheses concerning the biological and behavioural characteristics of humankind. Rapid advances in science and technology, and the abstract concepts of that influence on man and human value systems, are outlined by Adler, as he touches on the effect of industrialization and the clash of cultures and value systems brought about by increased communication between previously isolated groups of people.;Among the other issues this study addresses are the scientific achievements in biology and physics which have raised fundamental questions about humanity's essential nature, especially the discoveries in the biological relatedness of all living things. Thrown into high relief is humanity's struggle to determine its unique status in the natural world and its value in the world it has created.;Ultimately, Adler's work develops an approach to the separation between scientific and philosophical questions which stands as a model of thought on philosophical consideration of new scientific discoveries and its consequences for the human person.

    • Social, group or collective psychology
      August 1997

      The Question of German Guilt

      by Karl Jaspers

      In the years after the Nazi government fell, a philosophy professor at Hindenberg University lectured on a subject which burned the consciousness and conscience of thinking Germans. "Are the German people guilty?". These lectures by Karl Jaspers, a European philosopher, attracted wide attention among German intellectuals and students; they seemed to offer a path to sanity and morality in a disordered world.;Jaspers, a life-long liberal, has attempted in this book to discuss rationally a problem that has thus far evoked only heat and fury. Neither an evasive apology nor a wholesome condemnation, this book distinguishes between types of guilt and degrees of responsibility. He lists four categories of guilt: criminal guilt (the commitment of overt acts), political guilt (the degree of political acquiescence in the Nazi regime), moral guilt (a matter of private judgement among one's friends), and metaphysical guilt (a universally shared responsibility of those who chose to remain alive rather than die in protest againt Nazi atrocities).;Born in 1883, Karl Jaspers took his degree in medicine but soon became interested in psychiatry. He is the author of a standard work of psychopathology, as well as special studies on Strindberg, Van Gogh and Nietszche. After World War I he became Professor of Philosophy at Heidelberg wher he achieved fame as a brilliant teacher and an early exponent of existentialism. He was among the first to acquaint German readers with the works of Kierkegaard.;Jaspers had to resign from his post in 1935. From the total isolation into which the Hitler regime forced him, Jaspers returned in 1945 to a position of central intellectual leadership of the younger liberal elements of Germany. In his first lecture in 1945, he forcefuly reminded his audience of the fate of the German Jews. Jaspers' unblemished record as an anti-Nazi has made him a rallying point centre for those of his countrymen who wish to reconstruct a free and democratic Germany.

    • Semantics
      April 1997

      The Intrigue of Ethics

      A Reading of the Idea of Discourse in the Thought of Emmanuel Levinas

      by Jeffrey Dudiak

    • Western philosophy: c 1600 to c 1900
      October 2000

      Stealing a Gift

      Kierkegaard's Pseudonyms and the Bible

      by Jolita Pons

      This book studies the use of biblical quotations in Kierkegaard's pseudonymous works, as well as Kierkegaard's hermeneutical methods in general. Kierkegaard's mode of writing in these works - indeed, the very method of indirect communication - consists in a certain appropriation of the Bible. Kierkegaard thus becomes God's "plagiarist," repeating the Bible by reinscribing it into his own texts, where it becomes a part of his philosophical discourse and relates to most of his conceptual constructions. The Bible might also be called a gift, but a gift that does not belong to Kierkegaard, one he merely passes along to his reader. The invisible omnipresence of God's Word in the pseudonymous works, as opposed to the signed ones, forces us to revisit the entire distinction between the religious and the aesthetic.

    • Western philosophy: c 1600 to c 1900
      February 2001

      The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume I

      Culture, Philosophy, and Religion

      by Edited by John J. McDermott

      Now back in print, and in paperback, these two classic volumes illustrate the scope and quality of Royce's thought, providing the most comprehensive selection of his writings currently available. They offer a detailed presentation of the viable relationship Royce forged between the local experience of community and the demands of a philosophical and scientific vision of the human situation. The selections reprinted here are basic to any understanding of Royce's thought and its pressing relevance to contemporary cultural, moral, and religious issues.

    • Ethics & moral philosophy
      May 2002

      The Difficult Good

      A Thomistic Approach to Moral Conflict and Human Happiness

      by Daniel McInerny

    • Politics & government
      November 2002

      Political Theologies

      Public Religions in a Post-Secular World

      by Edited by Hent de Vries, and Lawrence E. Sullivan

    • Literary studies: general
      February 2003

      Intrigues

      From Being to the Other

      by Gabriel Riera

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