• Archaeology by period / region

      Aztec Ceremonial Landscape

      by William L. Fash (Foreword), David Carrasco (Author, Editor)

      Contents: Notes on the Oldest Structure of El Tempo Mayor at Tenochtitlan; A Study of Skeletal Materials from Tlatelolco; Discovery of a Painted Mural at Tlatelolco; The Mt. Tlaloc Project; The Sacrifice of Tezcatlipoca -- To Change Place; Mapping the Ritual Landscape -- Debt Payment to Tlaloc During the Month of Atlcahualo; The Sacred Landscape of Aztec Calendar Festivals -- Myth, Nature and Society; Migration Histories as Ritual Performance; The Myth of the Half-Man Who Descended from the Sky; The Octli Cult in Late Pre-Hispanic Central Mexico; Dryness Before the Rains -- Taxcatl and Tezcatlipoca; Reflection on the Miraculous Waters of Tenochtitlan; Vamos a Rezar a San Marcos -- A Tlapanec Pilgrimage; Eating Landscape -- Human Sacrifice and Sustenance in Aztec Mexico; Religious Rationalisation and the Conversions of the Nahuas -- Social Organisation and Colonial Epistemology; Remnants of the Shaman.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Moctezuma's Mexico

      Visions of the Aztec World, Revised Edition

      by David Carrasco

      Updated with a new chapter by Davíd Carrasco describing how the Aztec world has been re-imagined by modern Mexican American communities and Chicano scholars, 'Moctezuma's Mexico' is a lavishly illustrated volume that provides an in-depth historical profile of the Aztec empire on the eve of its fateful encounter with the Europeans. Beginning with an exploration of Aztec history and cosmovision, the authors and two other prominent scholars-Anthony Aveni and Elizabeth Hill Boone-examine Aztec ceremonies, astronomy, myths, rhetoric, and moral philosophy, as well as controversies in recent Aztec scholarship using poetry, sculpture, painting, and the archaeological record. With nearly 150 full-colour illustrations, 'Moctezuma's Mexico' is an important and handsome book that will appeal to scholars and students of Mexico's indigenous past.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Identity, Feasting, & the Archaeology of the Greater Southwest

      Proceedings of the 2002 Southwest Symposium

      by Barbara J Mills

      With contributions from sociocultural and linguistic anthropologists as well as archaeologists, this volume is the first to present case studies of social identity and feasting from throughout the Greater Southwest. A section of the book is also devoted to a synthesis and set of case studies on the archaeology of the pivotal Mexican State of Chihuahua. Unlike many previous studies, the authors of this volume place emphasis on how differences within and between societies came about rather than why dissimilar structures arose, elevating the place of both agency and history in understanding the past. Identity, Feasting, and the Archaeology of the Greater Southwest will be of interest to all doing archaeological research in the Southwestern United States and those conducting research on social identity, cultural affiliation, and commensal politics.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Commoner Ritual and Ideology in Ancient Mesoamerica

      by Nancy Gonlin (Editor) , Jon C Lohse (Editor)

      Were most commoners in ancient Mesoamerica poor? In a material sense, yes, probably so. Were they poor in their beliefs and culture? Certainly not, as "Commoner Ritual and Ideology in Ancient Mesoamerica" demonstrates. This volume explores the ritual life of Mesoamerica's common citizens, inside and outside of the domestic sphere, from Formative through Postclassic periods. Building from the premise that ritual and ideological expression inhered at all levels of society in Mesoamerica, the contributors demonstrate that ideology did not emanate solely from exalted individuals and that commoner ritual expression was not limited to household contexts. Taking an empirical approach to this under-studied and under-theorised area, contributors use material evidence to discover how commoner status conditioned the expression of ideas and values. Revealing complex social hierarchies that varied across time and region, this volume offers theoretical approaches to commoner ideology, religious practice, and socio-political organisation and builds a framework for future study of the correlation of ritual and ideological expression with social position for Mesoamericanists and archaeologists worldwide.

    • Archaeology

      Archaeology Without Borders

      Contact, Commerce, and Change in the U.S. Southwest and Northwestern Mexico

      by Maxine E McBrinn (Editor) , Laurie D Webster (Editor)

      Offers a synthesis of early agricultural adaptations in the region, groundbreaking archaeological research on social identity, and data previously not readily available to English-speaking readers. The twenty-four essays discuss early agriculture, social identity, and cultural landscapes, as well as economic and social interactions within the area now encompassed by northern Mexico and the US Southwest. Contributors examining early agricultural adaptations offer models for understanding the transition to agriculture, explore relationships between the spread of agriculture and Uto-Aztecan migrations, and present data from Arizona, New Mexico, and Chihuahua. Contributors focusing on social identity discuss migration, enculturation, social boundaries, and ethnic identities. They draw on case studies that include diverse artefact classes -- rock art, lithics, architecture, murals, ceramics, cordage, sandals, baskets, faunal remains, and oral histories. Mexican scholars present data from Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Michoacan, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. They address topics including Spanish-indigenous conflicts, archaeological history, cultural landscapes, and interactions among Mesoamerica, northern Mexico, and the US Southwest.

    • Archaeology

      Frontiers in Colorado Paleoindian Archaeology

      From the Dent Site to the Rocky Mountains

      by Robert H Brunswig (Editor) , Bonnie L Pitblado (Editor)

      As the Ice Age waned, Clovis hunter-gatherers began to explore and colonize the area now known as Colorado. Their descendents and later Paleoindian migrants spread throughout Colorado's plains and mountains, adapting to diverse landforms and the changing climate. In this new volume, Robert H Brunswig and Bonnie L. Pitblado assemble experts in archaeology, paleoecology-climatology, and paleofaunal analysis to share new discoveries about these ancient people of Colorado. A review of seventy-five years of Paleoindian archaeology in Colorado highlights the foundation on which new work builds, and a survey of Colorado's ancient climates and ecologies helps readers understand Paleoindian settlement patterns. Eight essays discuss archaeological evidence from Plains to high Rocky Mountain sites. The book offers the most thorough analysis to date of Dent -- the first Clovis site discovered. Essays on mountain sites show how advances in methodology and technology have allowed scholars to reconstruct settlement patterns and changing lifeways in this challenging environment.

    • Archaeology

      Archaeological Landscapes on the High Plains

      by Laura L. Scheiber (Editor) , Bonnie J. Clark (Editor)

      This book combines history, anthropology, archaeology, and geography to take a closer look at the relationships between land and people in this unique North American region. Focusing on long-term change, this book considers ethnographic literature, archaeological evidence, and environmental data spanning thousands of years of human presence to understand human perception and construction of landscape. The contributors offer cohesive and synthetic studies emphasising hunter-gatherers and subsistence farmers. Using landscape as both reality and metaphor, the book explores the different and changing ways that people interacted with place in this transitional zone between the Rocky Mountains and the eastern prairies. The contemporary archaeologists working in this small area have chosen diverse approaches to understand the past and its relationship to the present. Through these ten case studies, this variety is highlighted but leads to a common theme--that the High Plains contains important locales to which people, over generations or millennia, return. Providing both data and theory on a region that has not previously received much attention from archaeologists, especially compared with other regions in North America, this volume is a welcome addition to the literature. Contributors: Paul Burnett; Oskar Burger; Minette C Church; Philip Duke; Kevin Gilmore; Eileen Johnson; Mark D Mitchell; Michael R Peterson; Lawrence Todd.

    • Archaeology

      Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire

      Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition, Revised Edition

      by David Carrasco

      David Carrasco draws from the perspectives of the history of religions, anthropology, and urban ecology to explore the nature of the complex symbolic form of Quetzalcoatl in the organisation, legitimation, and subversion of a large segment of the Mexican urban tradition. His new Preface addresses this tradition in the light of the Columbian quincentennial.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      In the Realm of Nachan Kan

      Postclassic Maya Archaeology at Laguna De On, Belize

      by Marilyn A Masson

      Kan opens a window on Post-Classic Maya patterns of cultural development and organisation through a close examination of the small rural island of Laguna de On, a location that was distant from the governing political centres of the day. Using diachronic analysis of regional settlement patterns, ceramic traditions, household and ritual features, and artefacts from the site, Masson tracks developmental changes throughout the Post-classic period. These data suggest that affluent patterns of economic production and local and long-distance exchange were established within northern Belize by the eleventh century, and continued to develop, virtually uninterrupted, until the time of Spanish arrival. In addition, Masson analyses contemporary political and religious artistic traditions at the temples of Mayapan, Tulum, and Santa Rita to provide a regional context for the changes in community patterns at Laguna de On. These cultural changes, she maintains, are closely correlated with the rise of Mayapan to power and participation of sites like Laguna de On in a pan-lowland economic and ritual interaction sphere. Offering a thoroughly new interpretation of Post-classic Mayan civilisation. This is a must for scholars of Mesoamerican history and culture.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage

      From Teotihuacan to the Aztecs

      by Davíd Carrasco , Lindsay Jones , Scott Sessions

      For more than a millennium the great Mesoamerican city of Teotihuacan (c. 150 B.C.E. - 750 C.E.) has been imagined and reimagined by a host of subsequent cultures, including our own. Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage engages the subject of the unity and diversity of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica by focusing on the classic heritage of this ancient city. This new volume is the product of several years of research by members of Princeton University's Moses Mesoamerican Archive and Research Project and Mexico's Proyecto Teotihuacán. Offering a variety of disciplinary perspectives - including the history of religions, anthropology, archaeology, and art history - and a wealth of new data, Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage examines Teotihuacan's rippling influence across Mesoamerican time and space, including important patterns of continuity and change, and its relationships, both historical and symbolic, with Tenochtitlan, Cholula, and various Maya communities. The contributors to Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage offer a wide range of individual interpretations, but they agree that Teotihuacan, more than any other pre-Hispanic center, was a paradigmatic source that formed the art and architecture, cosmology and ritual life, and conceptions of urbanism and political authority for significant parts of the Mesoamerican world. This great city achieved the prestige of being the site of the creation of the cosmos and of effective social and political space in Mesoamerica through its capacity to symbolize, perform, and export its imperial authority. These essays reveal the different ways in which Teotihuacan's classic heritage both fed and fed on the dynamic interactivity of the entire area. Whether or not a paradigm shift in Mesoamerican studies is taking place, certainly a new contextual understanding of Teotihuacan and the diversities and unities of Mesoamerica is emerging in these pages.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands

      Collapse, Transition, & Transformation

      by Arthur A Demarest , Prudence M Rice , Don S Rice

      This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power centres in the southern lowlands and rather abruptly ceased the distinctive cultural practices that marked their apogee in the Classic period. Archaeological fieldwork during the past three decades, however, has uncovered enormous regional variability in the ways the Maya experienced the shift from Classic to Post-classic society, revealing a period of cultural change more complex than acknowledged by traditional models. Featuring an impressive roster of scholars, the book presents the most recent data and interpretations pertaining to this perplexing period of cultural transformation in the Maya lowlands. Although the research reveals clear interregional patterns, the contributors resist a single overarching explanation. Rather, this volume's diverse and nuanced interpretations provide a new, more properly grounded beginning for continued debate on the nature of lowland Terminal Classic Maya civilisation.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference

      Ruins of the Past

      The Use and Perception of Abandoned Structures in the Maya Lowlands

      by Travis W Stanton (Editor) , Aline Magnoni (Editor)

      From the Preclassic to the present, Maya peoples have continuously built, altered, abandoned, and re-used structures, imbuing them with new meanings at each transformation. RUINS OF THE PAST is the first volume to focus on how later Maya peoples perceived, used, and sometimes ritually destroyed ruins of structures built by ancestors.

    • Archaeology
      April 2012

      Carnegie Maya IV

      The Carnegie Institution of Washington Theoretical Approaches to Problems, 1941-1947

      by John M Weeks

      This is the fourth in a series of volumes that make available the primary data and interpretative studies originally produced by archaeologists and anthropologists in the Maya region under the umbrella of the Carnegie Institute of Washington's Division of Historical Research. Collected together here are the "Theoretical Approaches to Problems" papers, a series that published preliminary conclusions to advance thought processes and stimulate debate. Although two of the three theories published in these reports have since been proven wrong, the theories themselves remain significant because of their impact on the direction of archaeology. Only a few sets of these three contributions to the "Theoretical Approaches to Problems" series are known to have survived, making "The Carnegie Maya IV" an essential reference and research resource. The corresponding ebook contains the complete set of "The Carnegie Maya", "The Carnegie Maya II", "The Carnegie Maya III", and "The Carnegie Maya IV", thus making hundreds of documents from the Carnegie Institution's Maya program available in one source.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Stone Houses and Earth Lords

      Maya Religion in the Cave Context

      by Keith M Prufer (Editor) , James E Brady (Editor)

      This heavily illustrated compilation of current scholarship on cave archaeology in the Maya lowlands is the first dedicated to the subject and yields key insights into Maya ritual and cosmology. An important publication that fills a crucial niche in Maya scholarship and addresses issues important to archaeology, cave studies, religion, anthropology, global archaeology, and more.

    • Literature & Literary Studies

      After Monte Albôan

      Transformation and Negotiation in Oaxaca, Mexico

      by Jeffrey P Blomster

      Reveals the richness and interregional relevance of Post-Classic transformations in the area now known as Oaxaca, which lies between Central Mexico and the Maya area and, as contributors to this volume demonstrate, achieved cultural centrality in pan-Mesoamerican networks.Large nucleated states throughout Oaxaca collapsed after 700CE, including the great Zapotec state centred in the Valley of Oaxaca, Monte Albán. Elite culture changed in fundamental ways as small city-states proliferated in Oaxaca, each with a new ruling dynasty required to devise novel strategies of legitimisation. The vast majority of the population, though, sustained continuity in lifestyle, religion, and cosmology.Contributors synthesise these regional transformations and continuities in the lower Rio Verde Valley, the Valley of Oaxaca, and the Mixteca Alta. They provide data from material culture, architecture, codices, ethnohistoric documents, and ceramics, including a revised ceramic chronology from the Late Classic to the end of the Post-classic that will be crucial to future investigations.

    • Archaeology

      Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer

      Walter W. Taylor and Dissension in American Archaeology Hardcover by

      by Allan Maca (Editor) , Jonathan Reyman (Editor) , William Folan (Editor)

      In his 1948 work "A Study of Archaeology", recently minted Harvard Ph.D. Walter W Taylor delivered the strongest and most substantial critique of American archaeology ever published. He created many enemies with his dissection of the research programs of America's leading scholars, who took it as a personal affront. Taylor subsequently saw his research pushed to the margins, his ideas censured, and his students punished. Publicly humiliated at the 1985 Society for American Archaeology meeting, he suffered ridicule until his death in 1997. Nearly everyone in the archaeological community read Taylor's book at the time, and despite the negative reaction, many were influenced by it. Few young scholars dared to directly engage and build on his "conjunctive approach," yet his suggested methods nevertheless began to be adopted and countless present-day authors highlight his impact on the 1960s formation of the "New Archaeology". In Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer, peers, colleagues, and former students offer a critical consideration of Taylor's influence and legacy. Neither a festschrift nor a mere analysis of his work, the book presents an array of voices exploring Taylor and his influence, sociologically and intellectually, as well as the culture of American archaeology in the second half of the twentieth century.

    • Archaeology

      The Carnegie Maya II

      Carnegie Institution of Washington Current Reports, 1952-1957

      by John M Weeks

      Book & CD-ROM. In 2006, the University Press of Colorado published "The Carnegie Maya: The Carnegie Institution of Washington Maya Research Program, 1913-1957". This volume made available once again to scholars the extensive data published in the CIW Year Book series. The "Carnegie Maya II: Carnegie Institution of Washington Current Reports, 1952-1957" continues this project by republishing the CIW "Current Reports" series. The final CIW field project took place in July of 1950, in the Maya region of Mayapán, where extensive and detailed investigations were conducted for five years. To ensure the rapid dissemination of the results of the Mayapán Project, two series of papers described the work being undertaken and reported the preliminary findings. These were volumes 50 to 57 of the Year Books and numbers 1 to 41 of the Current Reports. A total of forty one Current Reports were published by the Carnegie Institution of Washington from 1952 to 1957. All forty one of these are reproduced in "The Carnegie Maya II", accompanied by an introduction by John Weeks, a forward by Marilyn Masson, and a summary table of data compiled by Marilyn Masson regarding artifacts unearthed at Mayapán.

    • History of Art: Ancient & Classical Art, BCE to c.500 CE

      The Hidden Life of Ancient Egypt

      Decoding the Secrets of a Lost World

      by Clare Gibson

      The Hidden Life of Ancient Egypt' explores in stunning images and straightforward language how the symbolism encoded in the art and artefacts of this great empire can be the key to understanding the rites, thoughts, and daily life of ancient Egyptians.

    • Archaeology by period / region

      Movement, Connectivity, and Landscape Change in the Ancient Southwest

      The 20th Anniversary Southwest Symposium

      by Margaret C Nelson (Edtor) , Colleen A Strawhacker (Editor)

      A collection of the papers presented at the Twentieth Anniversary Southwest Symposium, this book looks back at the issues raised in the first symposium in 1988 and tackles three contemporary domains in archaeology: landscape use and ecological change, movement and ethnogenesis, and connectivity among social groups through time and space. Across these sections the authors address the relevance of archaeology in the modern world; new approaches and concerns about collaboration across disciplines, communities, and subgroups; and the importance of multiple perspectives. Particular attention is paid to the various ways that archaeology can and should contribute to contemporary social and environmental issues. Contributors come together to provide a synthetic volume on current research and possibilities for future explorations. Moving forward, they argue that archaeologists must continue to include researchers from across political and disciplinary boundaries and enhance collaboration with Native American groups. This book will be of interest to professional and academic archaeologists, as well as students working in the field of the American Southwest.

    • Archaeology by period / region
      June 2012

      Fanning the Sacred Flame

      Mesoamerican Studies in Honor of H.B. Nicholson

      by Matthew A Boxt (Editor) , Brian D Dillon (Editor)

      This book contains twenty-two original papers in tribute to H B "Nick" Nicholson, a pioneer of Mesoamerican research. His intellectual legacy is recognised by Mesoamerican archaeologists, art historians, ethnohistorians, and ethnographers -- students, colleagues, and friends who derived inspiration and encouragement from him throughout their own careers. Each chapter, which presents original research inspired by Nicholson, pays tribute to the teacher, writer, lecturer, friend, and mentor who became a legend within his own lifetime. Covering all of Mesoamerica across all time periods, contributors include Patricia R Anawalt, Alfredo López Austin, Anthony Aveni, Robert M Carmack, David C Grove, Richard D Hansen, Leonardo López Luján, Kevin Terraciano, and more. Eloise Qui-ones Keber provides a thorough biographical sketch, detailing Nicholson's academic and professional journey. Publication supported, in part, by The Patterson Foundation and several private donors.

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