• Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Why China did not have a Renaissance – and why that matters

      An interdisciplinary Dialogue

      by Thomas Maissen, Barbara Mittler

      Concepts of historical progress or decline and the idea of a cycle of historical movement have existed in many civilizations. In spite of claims that they be transnational or even universal, periodization schemes invariably reveal specific social and cultural predispositions.Our dialogue, which brings together a Sinologist and a scholar of early modern History in Europe, considers periodization as a historical phenomenon, studying the case of the “Renaissance.” Understood in the tradition of J. Burckhardt, who referred back to ideas voiced by the humanists of the 14th and 15th centuries, and focusing on the particularities of humanist dialogue which informed the making of the “Renaissance” in Italy, our discussion highlights elements that distinguish it from other movements that have proclaimed themselves as “r/Renaissances,” studying, in particular, the Chinese Renaissance in the early 20th century.While disagreeing on several fundamental issues, we suggest that interdisciplinary and interregional dialogue is a format useful to addressing some of the more far-reaching questions in global history, e.g. whether and when a periodization scheme such as “Renaissance” can fruitfully be applied to describe non-European experiences.

    • History
      November 2018

      The Spanish Anarchists of Northern Australia

      Revolution in the Sugar Cane Fields

      by Robert Mason

      This book connects histories of Australia and the British Empire, with Spain and the Spanish-speaking world. It follows the unexpected passage of a group of radical Spanish-speakers in the isolated region of northern Australia during the first half of the twentieth-century, a period of rapidly expanding globalisation as well as the duration of the Spanish Civil War. The present study explores how their community responded to these rapid changes through the lessons of the Spanish-speaking world.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      December 2017

      Des Kaisers neue Schulen

      Bildungsreformen und der Staat in Südchina, 1901-1911

      by Hajo Frölich

      1901 begann Chinas Regierung ein Reformprogramm, auf dem das Land bis heute aufbaut. Zehn Jahre später ging das Kaiserreich unter. Ein Widerspruch? Die genaue Untersuchung der Bildungsreformen in der Provinz Guangdong zeigt, wie der Erfolg den Untergang beschleunigte. Neue Techniken und Maßstäbe, die die Qing-Dynastie selbst einführte, enthüllten erst, wie schlimm es um den alten Staat bestellt war.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      October 2018

      Voyages, Migration, and the Maritime Silk Road

      On China's Global Historical Role

      by Clara Wing-chung Ho, Ricardo K. S. Mak, Yue-him Tam

      This is a multi-author volume resulted from an international conference focusing on topics related to our understanding of the role of China in the global history. Apart from introductory chapters exploring methodological issues and providing big pictures of framing China in the world in particular time zones, this volume also covers rich discussions on the following themes from the ancient period to the twentieth century: organized water transport, cultural interactions, navigators, port cities, smuggling activities, customs service, foreign relations, migration, and diasporas. Written by scholars of different generations who are based in diverse regions including Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, the UK and the US, the chapters in this volume either address old questions from new perspectives, or table new topics that were largely ignored in previous scholarship. Some go further to brainstorm possible research directions in the future. This thought-provoking volume will be beneficial to readers who are interested in rethinking China's position in the global historical stage against the backdrop of Post-Orientalism.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Victims, Perpetrators, and the Role of Law in Maoist China

      A Case-Study Approach

      by Daniel Leese, Puck Engman

      Eine erstmalige Analyse maoistischer Justiz auf Basis von Originalfallakten, die aufgrund ihrer plastischen Details einen tiefen Einblick in die chinesische Rechts-, Politik- und Sozialgeschichte geben. Durch die Betonung der Akteuersebene wird, jenseits von Metadiskursen, der totalitäre Charakter der frühen Volksrepublik China und der mehr oder minder großer Spielraum von Angeklagten, Richtern und politischer Führung ausgelotet. Der Band versammelt chinesische, europäische und amerikanische Wissenschaftler, um gemeinsam eine Revision des bisherigen Forschungsstandes zu ermöglichen.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      December 2018

      Portals of Globalization

      Repositioning Mumbai’s Ports and Zones, 1833-2014

      by Megan Maruschke

      While ports are traditionally considered national infrastructure sites that connect states to global markets, special economic zones and past free ports are portrayed as threats to national sovereignty. This book calls these narratives into question as it explores the history of planning Mumbai’s ports and free zones during periods of global and regional transition from the British Raj, to national independence, to economic liberalization. The book opens with a study of an unsuccessful plan hatched by merchants in 1833 to make Bombay a free port to deal with an emerging British India and the advent of free trade. The book ends with how India’s current special economic zones and emphasis on port expansion are part of broader goals to reposition India in transregional Asian trade, to connect Mumbai with northern India, and to enact local plans for a global city that threaten the very port that first connected Mumbai to the world. To understand the functionality of these port and zone projects beyond typical policy prescriptions, this book proposes portals of globalization as a spatial format that fosters processes of reterritorialization.

    • Australasian & Pacific history
      November 2010

      The Welsh in an Australian Gold Town

      Ballarat, Victoria 1850-1900

      by Robert Tyler (Author)

      Works which have sought to look specifically at the Welsh in Australia have been few in number and characterised by a concentration on prominent individuals and cultural/religious societies, thus excluding many facets of immigrant life. This book provides an analysis of the Welsh immigrant community in the Ballarat/Sebastopol gold mining district of Victoria, Australia during the second half of the nineteenth century and considers all aspects of the Welsh immigrant experience. As its focus, the book has the Welsh migrant group as a whole, in one particular area, during one period of time, for ultimately it was the migrants themselves who were responsible for the strength or weakness of Welsh religious life, the success or failure of Welsh cultural institutions; they who decided whether or not to retain and transmit their national language if, indeed, they spoke it in the first place; they who chose whether or not to marry within their own group, to live amongst their own, to retain the ties of Welshness and pass on the values of the Old Country, or to attempt full and immediate integration; they who were miners or shop owners, abstainers or drunkards, law abiding or criminal. A true picture of Welsh immigrant life can only be obtained by considering the community in its entirety, to view it in the round, as it were. This work attempts to do just that and hopes to make some small contribution to the understanding of what it was to be one amongst the thousands of Welsh people who lived in a particular place at a certain time in a land so far from Wales.

    • Air forces & warfare

      Bloody Shambles.

      by Christopher F. Shores

    • Family history, tracing ancestors

      Flint Architecture of East Anglia

      by Stephen Hart

      East Anglia has a unique and very substantial heritage of flint-built churches and secular buildings over a wide area that range from Saxon times to the 20th century, many of them of exceptional beauty, and most in a good state of preservation. Stephen Hart considers that these buildings, in which a large number of different flintwork techniques and designs are used that are partly functional, partly dependent upon local materials, and partly aesthetic in inspiration, constitute an important part of our heritage. His book is the first comprehensive one to be written on English flint architecture and is likely to become the definitive work on the subject.

    • Biography: general
      September 2006

      The Faraway War

      Personal Diaries of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific

      by Richard Aldrich

      Following the illuminating first-hand revelations about the war in Europe and the Middle East compiled inWitness to War, Richard Aldrich now taps into another huge variety of diarists to explore the Second World War in the Pacific. From the dramatic bombing of Pearl Harbor to the devastating moment when the atomic bomb was dropped upon Hiroshima, the war is brought to life through the diaries of people on all sides, with events recorded as they happened and drawn into a chronological account of the war by Aldrich's expert month-by-month commentary.The Faraway Waroffers a stunning and diverse range of diaries, focusing both on ordinary people, some of whose diaries are published here for the first time, and on more celebrated figures such as Evelyn Waugh, Charles Lindbergh, Harry Truman and Joyce Grenfell. With this second volume Richard Aldrich now completes the picture that he began withWitness to War, by creating an intimate and illuminating portrait of a whole world ravaged by war.

    • Biography: historical, political & military

      The Man Who Was Robinson Crusoe

      by Richard Wilson

    • Australasian & Pacific history
      April 2015

      History, heritage, and colonialism

      Historical consciousness, Britishness, and cultural identity in New Zealand, 1870–1940

      by Kynan Gentry

      History, heritage, and colonialism explores the politics of history-making and interest in preserving the material remnants of the past in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century colonial society, looking at both indigenous pasts and those of European origin. Focusing on New Zealand, but also covering the Australian and Canadian experiences, it explores how different groups and political interests have sought to harness historical narrative in support of competing visions of identity and memory. Considering this within the frames of the local and national as well as of empire, the book offers a valuable critique of the study of colonial identity-making and cultures of colonisation. This book offers important insights for societies negotiating the legacy of a colonial past in a global present, and will be of particular value to all those concerned with museum, heritage, and tourism studies, as well as imperial history.

    • Australasian & Pacific history
      April 2015

      History, heritage, and colonialism

      Historical consciousness, Britishness, and cultural identity in New Zealand, 1870–1940

      by Kynan Gentry

      History, heritage, and colonialism explores the politics of history-making and interest in preserving the material remnants of the past in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century colonial society, looking at both indigenous pasts and those of European origin. Focusing on New Zealand, but also covering the Australian and Canadian experiences, it explores how different groups and political interests have sought to harness historical narrative in support of competing visions of identity and memory. Considering this within the frames of the local and national as well as of empire, the book offers a valuable critique of the study of colonial identity-making and cultures of colonisation. This book offers important insights for societies negotiating the legacy of a colonial past in a global present, and will be of particular value to all those concerned with museum, heritage, and tourism studies, as well as imperial history.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      May 2016

      New Zealand's empire

      by Katie Pickles, Andrew Thompson, Catharine Coleborne, John Mackenzie

      This edited collection investigates New Zealand's history as an imperial power, and its evolving place within the British Empire. It revises and expands the history of empire within, to and from New Zealand by looking at the country's spheres of internal imperialism, its relationship with Australia, its Pacific empire and its outreach to Antarctica. The book critically revises our understanding of the range of ways that New Zealand has played a role as an imperial power, including the cultural histories of New Zealand inside the British Empire, engagements with imperial practices and notions of imperialism, the special significance of New Zealand in the Pacific region, and the circulation of ideas of empire both through and inside New Zealand over time. The essays in this volume span social, cultural, political and economic history, and in testing the concept of New Zealand's empire, the contributors take new directions in both historiographical and empirical research. ;

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      February 2017

      Venomous encounters

      Snakes, vivisection and scientific medicine in colonial Australia

      by Peter Hobbins, Andrew Thompson

      How do we know which snakes are dangerous? This seemingly simple question caused constant concern for the white settlers who colonised Australia after 1788. Facing a multitude of serpents in the bush, their fields and their homes, colonists wanted to know which were the harmful species and what to do when bitten. But who could provide this expertise? Liberally illustrated with period images, Venomous Encounters argues that much of the knowledge about which snakes were deadly was created by observing snakebite in domesticated creatures, from dogs to cattle. Originally accidental, by the middle of the nineteenth century this process became deliberate. Doctors, naturalists and amateur antidote sellers all caused snakes to bite familiar creatures in order to demonstrate the effects of venom - and the often erratic impact of 'cures'. In exploring this culture of colonial vivisection, Venomous Encounters asks fundamental questions about human-animal relationships and the nature of modern medicine.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2018

      Reichtum begraben

      Aushandlungsprozesse "kostspieliger Bestattungspraxis" in China zwischen Religionspolitik und Religionsökonomie

      by Philipp Hetmanczyk

      Die kostspielige Aufwendung von Ressourcen zur Totenbestattung hat eine lange Tradition in der Begräbniskultur Chinas. Ebenso lang ist aber auch die Tradition der Kritik gegenüber solch kostspieligen Bestattungspraktiken. Die vorliegende Arbeit zeichnet Kontinuität und Wandel von Praxis und Kritik nach und analysiert sie sowohl im Kontext der religionspolitischen Entwicklungen Chinas als auch der religionswissenschaftlichen Theoriebildung.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Bonn, Jakarta und der Kalte Krieg

      Die Außenpolitik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gegenüber Indonesien von 1952 bis 1973

      by Till Florian Tömmel

      Der Kalte Krieg und die deutsche Teilung hatten globale Dimensionen: Sie bestimmten auch die Beziehungen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland zu Indonesien. Der Krisenweg des jungen Staates unter Präsident Sukarno stellte die bundesdeutsche Außenpolitik vor schwierige Aufgaben. Der blutige Umsturz von 1965/66 und General Suhartos „neue Ordnung" schufen dann eine neue Konstellation, auf die Bonn in der Logik des Kalten Krieges reagierte. Till Florian Tömmel unterzieht die bundesdeutsche Indonesienpolitik, von der Aufnahme der diplomatischen Beziehungen 1952 bis zum Schlusspunkt des Bonner Alleinvertretungsanspruchs 1973, erstmals einer quellengestützten Analyse.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2018

      The Nivison Annals

      Selected Works of David S. Nivison on Early Chinese Chronology, Astronomy, and Historiography

      by David S. Nivison, Adam C. Schwartz

      In his last essay just weeks before his death at the age of 91, David S. Nivison says, "Breaking into a formal system - such as a chronology - must be like breaking into a code. If you are successful, success will show right off." Since the late 1970's Nivison has focused his scholarship on breaking the code of Three Dynasties (Xia, Shang, Zhou) chronology by establishing an innovative methodology based on mourning periods, astronomical phenomenon, and numerical manipulations derived from them. Nivison is most readily known in the field for revising (and then revising again) the date of the Zhou conquest of Shang, and for his theory that Western Zhou kings employed two calendars (His so-called "Two yuan" theory), the second being set in effect upon the death of the new king's predecessor and counted from the completion of post-mourning rites for him (i.e., a "second 'first' year"). Nivison's enabling discovery that the Bamboo Annals (BA) had a historical basis was initially designed to make Wang Guowei's analysis of lunar phase terms (the so-called "Four quarter" theory that separated each month into four quarters) work for Western Zhou bronze inscriptions. In order to do so he had to assume that some inscriptions used a second yuan counted from completion of mourning. The king's death was the most important event late in a reign, so this implied that a king's reign-of-record was normally counted from the second yuan, omitting initial mourning years. It follows that when the unexpressed mourning years are forgotten (or edited out) but the dates of the beginning and end of the dynasty are still known, the remaining reigns-of-record cluster toward the beginning and end, and a reign in the middle is enlarged. Problems, ideas, and solutions like the one described above are found throughout this new collection of important works on chronology, astronomy, and historiography.

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