• Humanities & Social Sciences
      August 2018

      Interpretations of Jihad in South Asia

      An Intellectual History

      by Tariq Rahman

      In the wake of radical Islamist terrorist attacks described as jihad worldwide and in South Asia, it is imperative that there should be a book-length study of this idea in this part of the world. The focus of the study is the idea of jihad with its changing interpretations mostly those available in exegetical literature of key figures in South Asia. The hermeneutic devices used to understand the meaning of the Quranic verses and the Prophetic traditions relating to jihad will be the focus of this study. The main thrust of the study is to understand how interpretations of jihad vary. It is seen as being both defensive and aggressive by traditionalists; only defensive and mainly about moral improvement by progressive Muslims; and being insurrectionist, aggressive, eternal and justifying violence against civilians by radical Islamists. One purpose of the book is to understand how the radical interpretation came to South Asia. The book also explains how theories about jihad are influenced by the political and social circumstances of the period and how these insights feed into practice legitimizing militant movements called jihad for that period.

    • General & world history

      Dust Clouds in the Middle East

      The Air War for East Africa, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Madagascar, 1940-42

      by Christopher Shores

      Originally appearing as a series of magazine articles, the valuable research into air operations, over the old-style Middle East of World War II, here appears in book form.;It deals with a variety of engagements between Britain and her Commonwealth forces and the Germans, Italians and Vichy French across many borders and differing terrains. It covers from the Italian threat and Ababa, the air battles over Lebanon, the breaking of Vichy air strength and culminates in the occupation of Madagascar in 1942.

    • Memoirs

      Weeds Don't Perish

      Memoirs of a Defiant Old Woman

      by Hanna Braun

      This is the story of a life lived to the full. Hanna Braun was born in 1927 to a Jewish family living in Germany. The family immigrated to Palestine in 1937, shortly after Hitler came to power in Germany and the onset of Jewish persecution there. During this course of events she was separated from her beloved father, who was forced to flee the country and made for Switzerland to escape the Gestapo. Her grandmother later died in the Terezin ghetto. Once in Palestine, Hanna's uncle became a fierce Zionist, and would convert Hanna's mother to Zionism as well. Hanna - a teenager at the time - also turned to Zionism, although she was initially unaware of what exactly this meant. Over the years, Hanna made many Arab friends in Palestine, and gradually began to question her allegiances. She witnessed the formation of the state of Israel, and was there when the atrocities of Deir Yassin happened; an incident that made her hate Zionism forever. These events, and many others explored in Weeds Don't Perish, helped to shape Hanna's perception, and transformed her into an active human rights activist; unable to witness injustice without speaking out. The book is often controversial and Hanna, not being endowed with the gift of great diplomacy, makes many enemies as well as friends along the way. Throughout, Hanna manages to retain her zest for life and her sense of humour, and delights in describing her years teaching English and Dance to her students in Zimbabwe. Her curiosity and enthusiasm for meeting new people and experiencing new things is infectious, and the reader cannot help but be swept up in the story. Hanna endured many setbacks and painful experiences in her personal life but, like the proverbial weed, she never gave up and refused to be beaten. Instead, she continued to her final days fight passionately for causes close to her heart - human rights and equality for all.

    • Autobiography: historical, political & military

      Exile in Israel

      A Personal Journey With the Palestinians

      by Runa. Mackay

      A personal perspective on the Middle East is offered by the author of this autobiography, who recounts her experiences over a 40-year period as a doctor working in Israel, Lebanon and the occupied territories. It is an uncompromising account of life and politics as viewed by an outsider.;Runa Mackay gives her own views of political situations such as the Six Days War, the birth of the Intifada, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and the Israeli deportation of Palestinians living in the occupied territories, as seen through the eyes of a doctor attending the victims of war and exile.

    • Travel writing

      Hammaming in the Sham

      A Journey Through the Turkish Baths of Damascus, Aleppo and Beyond

      by Richard Boggs

      Legend has it that Damascus once had 365 hammams or 'Turkish baths': one for each day of the year. Originally part of an ancient Roman tradition, hammams were absorbed by Islam to such an extent that many became almost annexes to nearby mosques. For centuries, hammams were an integral part of community life, with some 50 hammams surviving in Damascus until the 1950s. Since then, however, with the onslaught of modernization programmes and home bathrooms, many have been demolished; fewer than 20 Damascene working hammams survive today. In Hammaming in the Sham, Richard Boggs travels the length and breadth of modern Syria, documenting the traditions of bathing in Damascus, Aleppo and elsewhere, and his encounters with Syrians as they bathe. In his portrayal of life in the hammams he reveals how these ancient institutions cater for both body and soul, and through his conversations with the bathers within, he provides insights into the grass roots of contemporary Syrian society. Approximately 100 colour photographs accompany the text, portraying the traditional neighbourhoods of Damascus and Aleppo, and the almost religious feel of the hammams. The author's intimate portraits of the baths' employees and bathers show a unique side of Syria rarely exposed to the outside world.

    • Biography: general

      Children of Catastrophe

      Journey from a Palestinian Refugee Camp to America

      by Jamal Kanj

      The remarkable story of a Palestinian refugee, following his - journey from childhood in a refugee camp in Lebanon, becoming - a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization, - through to eventual emigration, a new life in the United - States, and a æreturnÆ trip to historic Palestine. Running parallel - to the personal narrative, the book also documents - the story of Nahr El Bared itself: a refugee camp that grew - from an initial clump of muddy UN tents to a vibrant trading - centre in north Lebanon, before its eventual destruction - at the hands of the Lebanese army as they battled with militants - from the Fatah Al Islam group in the summer of 2007. -

    • Warfare & defence
      February 2016

      Syria: An Outline History

      by J D Grainger

      Syria (which in its historical wider sense includes modern Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine and Jordan) has always been at the centre of events of world importance. It was in this region that pastoral-stock rearing, settled agriculture and alphabetic writing were invented (and the dog domesticated). From Syria, Phoenician explorers set out to explore the whole Mediterranean region and sailed round Africa 2,000 years before Vasco de Gama. These are achievements enough but the succeeding centuries offer a rich tapestry of turbulent change, a cycle of repeated conquest, unification, rebellion and division. John D Grainger gives a sweeping overview (though replete with telling details) of the making of this historical region. From the end of the ice age through the procession of Assyrian, Phoenician, Persian, Greek, Roman, Arab, Turkish, French and British attempts to dominate this area, the key events and influences are clearly explained and analysed. The events playing out on our TV screens over recent years are put in the context of 12,000 years of history.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2015

      The international politics of the Middle East

      Second edition

      by Raymond Hinnebusch

      One of the major internationally recognised works on the international politics of the Middle East, this book systematically combines International Relations theory and Middle East case studies to provide a macro overview of the international relations of the region. The book has been widely used at both undergraduate levels, Masters degree and PhD levels. In providing a unique interpretation of Middle East North African (MENA) international politics, it will also be valuable for scholars of the region. The book provide readers with both theoretical and concrete information, with theoretically-framed major topics, liberally illustrated with case study material on key dimensions of regional politics. Topics include the place of the Middle East in the wider global system; the role of Arabism and Islam in regional politics; the impact of state formation in the region on its international relations; comparative foreign policy making looking at pivotal country cases, including Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Turkey; major regional wars and efforts at order building; the role of US hegemony and the two Iraq wars; and the impact of the Arab Uprising on regional politics. ;

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2015

      The international politics of the Middle East

      Second edition

      by Raymond Hinnebusch

      One of the major internationally recognised works on the international politics of the Middle East, this book systematically combines international relations theory and Middle East case studies to provide a macro overview of the international relations of the region. The book has been widely used at both undergraduate levels, Masters degree and PhD levels. In providing a unique interpretation of Middle East North Africa (MENA) international politics, it will also be valuable for scholars of the region. The book provide readers with both theoretical and concrete information, with theoretically-framed major topics, liberally illustrated with case study material on key dimensions of regional politics. Topics include the place of the Middle East in the wider global system; the role of Arabism and Islam in regional politics; the impact of state formation in the region on its international relations; comparative foreign policy making looking at pivotal country cases, including Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Turkey; major regional wars and efforts at order building; the role of US hegemony and the two Iraq wars; and the impact of the Arab Uprising on regional politics. ;

    • International relations
      July 2015

      The international politics of the Middle East

      Second edition

      by Raymond Hinnebusch

      One of the major internationally recognised works on the international politics of the Middle East, this book systematically combines international relations theory and Middle East case studies to provide a macro overview of the international relations of the region. The book has been widely used at both undergraduate levels, Masters degree and PhD levels. In providing a unique interpretation of Middle East North African (MENA) international politics, it will also be valuable for scholars of the region. The book provide readers with both theoretical and concrete information, with theoretically-framed major topics, liberally illustrated with case study material on key dimensions of regional politics. Topics include the place of the Middle East in the wider global system; the role of Arabism and Islam in regional politics; the impact of state formation in the region on its international relations; comparative foreign policy making looking at pivotal country cases, including Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Turkey; major regional wars and efforts at order building; the role of US hegemony and the two Iraq wars; and the impact of the Arab Uprising on regional politics.

    • International relations
      July 2015

      The international politics of the Middle East

      Second edition

      by Raymond Hinnebusch

      One of the major internationally recognised works on the international politics of the Middle East, this book systematically combines international relations theory and Middle East case studies to provide a macro overview of the international relations of the region. The book has been widely used at both undergraduate levels, Masters degree and PhD levels. In providing a unique interpretation of Middle East North African (MENA) international politics, it will also be valuable for scholars of the region. The book provide readers with both theoretical and concrete information, with theoretically-framed major topics, liberally illustrated with case study material on key dimensions of regional politics. Topics include the place of the Middle East in the wider global system; the role of Arabism and Islam in regional politics; the impact of state formation in the region on its international relations; comparative foreign policy making looking at pivotal country cases, including Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Turkey; major regional wars and efforts at order building; the role of US hegemony and the two Iraq wars; and the impact of the Arab Uprising on regional politics.

    • International relations
      July 2015

      The international politics of the Middle East

      Second edition

      by Raymond Hinnebusch

      One of the major internationally recognised works on the international politics of the Middle East, this book systematically combines international relations theory and Middle East case studies to provide a macro overview of the international relations of the region. The book has been widely used at both undergraduate levels, Masters degree and PhD levels. In providing a unique interpretation of Middle East North African (MENA) international politics, it will also be valuable for scholars of the region. The book provide readers with both theoretical and concrete information, with theoretically-framed major topics, liberally illustrated with case study material on key dimensions of regional politics. Topics include the place of the Middle East in the wider global system; the role of Arabism and Islam in regional politics; the impact of state formation in the region on its international relations; comparative foreign policy making looking at pivotal country cases, including Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Turkey; major regional wars and efforts at order building; the role of US hegemony and the two Iraq wars; and the impact of the Arab Uprising on regional politics.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      July 2012

      Principles of Akkadian Textual Criticism

      by Martin Worthington

      Errors of many kinds abound in Akkadian writings, but this fact’s far-reaching implications have never been unraveled and systematized. To attempt this is the aim of this book. Drawing on scholarship from other fields, it outlines a framework for the critical evaluation of extant text and the formulation of conjectural emendations. Along the way, it explores issues at the interface of orthography, textual transmission, scribal education, grammar, literacy, and literary interpretation.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      December 2013

      Critical Approaches to Ancient Near Eastern Art

      by Brian A. Brown, Marian H. Feldman

      This volume assembles more than 30 articles focusing on the visual, material, and environmental arts of the Ancient Near East. Specific case studies range temporally from the fourth millennium up to the Hellenistic period and geographically from Iran to the eastern Mediterranean. Contributions apply innovative theoretical and methodological approaches to archaeological evidence and critically examine the historiography of the discipline itself. Not intended to be comprehensive, the volume instead captures a cross-section of the field of Ancient Near Eastern art history as its stands in the second decade of the twenty-first century. The volume will be of value to scholars working in the Ancient Near East as well as others interested in newer art historical and anthropological approaches to visual culture.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      November 2009

      War and Ethics in the Ancient Near East

      Military Violence in Light of Cosmology and History

      by C. L. Crouch

      The monograph considers the relationships of ethical systems in the ancient Near East through a study of warfare in Judah, Israel and Assyria in the eighth and seventh centuries BCE. It argues that a common cosmological and ideological outlook generated similarities in ethical thinking. In all three societies, the mythological traditions surrounding creation reflect a strong connection between war, kingship and the establishment of order. Human kings’ military activities are legitimated through their identification with this cosmic struggle against chaos, begun by the divine king at creation. Military violence is thereby cast not only as morally tolerable but as morally imperative. Deviations from this point of view reflect two phenomena: the preservation of variable social perspectives and the impact of historical changes on ethical thinking.The research begins the discussion of ancient Near Eastern ethics outside of Israel and Judah and fills a scholarly void by placing Israelite and Judahite ethics within this context, as well as contributing methodologically to future research in historical and comparative ethics.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      August 1963

      Keilschrifttexte aus Assur 1

      by Franz Köcher

      Franz Köchers Standardwerk zur Babylonischen und Assyrischen Medizin, das darauf angelegt war, Kopien der Texte mit Übersetzung und Kommentar vorzulegen, war bei seinem Tod 2002 unvollendet geblieben. Sechs Bände Umschriften mit jeweils kurzen einführenden Kommentaren und Zitaten von Parallelen und Duplikaten lagen vor. Die Publikation der Reihe wird nun mit Robert Biggs und Marten Stol als neuen Herausgebern fortgesetzt. Die neuen Bände enthalten vollständige Übersetzungen und philologische Kommentare und machen damit in aktuellen Untersuchungen die Babylonisch-Assyrischen Medizintexte für Medizinhistoriker zugänglich.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      December 1984

      Die Paläste im alten Mesopotamien

      by Ernst Heinrich

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      August 2013

      Religious Conflict from Early Christianity to the Rise of Islam

      by Wendy Mayer, Bronwen Neil

      Conflict has been an inescapable facet of religion from its very beginnings. This volume offers insight into the mechanisms at play in the centuries from the Jesus-movement’s first attempts to define itself over and against Judaism to the beginnings of Islam. Profiling research by scholars of the Centre for Early Christian Studies at Australian Catholic University, the essays document inter- and intra-religious conflict from a variety of angles. Topics relevant to the early centuries range from religious conflict between different parts of the Christian canon, types of conflict, the origins of conflict, strategies for winning, for conflict resolution, and the emergence of a language of conflict. For the fourth to seventh centuries case studies from Asia Minor, Syria, Constantinople, Gaul, Arabia and Egypt are presented. The volume closes with examinations of the Christian and Jewish response to Islam, and of Islam’s response to Christianity. Given the political and religious tensions in the world today, this volume is well positioned to find relevance and meaning in societies still grappling with the monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2017

      Religion and Ideology in Assyria

      by Beate Pongratz-Leisten

      Addressing the relationship between religion and ideology, and drawing on a range of literary, ritual, and visual sources, this book reconstructs the cultural discourse of Assyria from the third through the first millennium BCE. Ideology is delineated here as a subdiscourse of religion rather than as an independent category, anchoring it firmly within the religious world view. Tracing Assur's cultural interaction with the south on the one hand, and with the Syro-Anatolian horizon on the other, this volume articulates a "northern" cultural discourse that, even while interacting with southern Mesopotamian tradition, managed to maintain its own identity. It also follows the development of tropes and iconic images from the first city state of Uruk and their mouvance between myth, image, and royal inscription, historiography and myth, and myth and ritual, suggesting that, with the help of scholars, key royal figures were responsible for introducing new directions for the ideological discourse and for promoting new forms of historiography.

    • Humanities & Social Sciences
      June 2018

      Dämonenglaube im Islam

      by Tobias Nünlist

      Der Glaube an Dämonen (ğinn) ist in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften weit verbreitet. Da sie sowohl im Koran als auch in den Prophetenworten vielfach erwähnt werden, gelten Zweifel an ihrer Existenz als verpönt. Die Studie untersucht das Wesen von Dämonen und mit ihnen verwandten Kräften anhand arabischer und persischer Quellen aus der vormodernen Zeit. Sie stützt sich zusätzlich auf eine unveröffentlichte Materialsammlung aus dem Nachlass des Basler Orientalisten Fritz Meier (1912-1998). Wenn sich auch regionale Unterschiede feststellen lassen und sich das Auftreten von Dämonen im Lauf der Jahrhunderte veränderte, bleiben ihre Grundmerkmale von geographischen und zeitlichen Faktoren im wesentlichen doch unberührt. Dämonen manifestieren sich gern in Grenzsituationen. Eigentlich sind sie dem Menschen eher unangenehm und werden für vielfältige Schwierigkeiten im Alltag verantwortlich gemacht (v.a. Erkrankungen). Sie können aber auch helfend in Erscheinung treten. Ein Beispiel dafür ist die dichterische Inspiration. Die ğinn gelten grundsätzlich als moralisch indifferent. Obwohl sich die Studie hauptsächlich auf vormoderne Quellen stützt, vermittelt sie auch wichtige Erkenntnisse für die Untersuchung des Dämonenglaubens in der Gegenwart.

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