• Business, Economics & Law
      July 2015

      Better Thinking for Better Results

      by Cathy Lasher

      Do you think as well as you can? Does the quality of your thinking even matter? In this tool-packed practical guide, Cathy Lasher presents an exciting new way to get better results through focused thinking. Discover EDGE-it, a new approach that helps you sharpen your thinking in virtually any situation, leading to getting more of what you want, more easily. Benefit from your personal and professional experiences in a new way. Learn how to prevent that ‘why did I just do that again?!’ feeling. Achieve your future goals with greater ease and more control. Navigate the turbulent waters of the 21st century workplace with robust, research-based tools.

    • Information theory
      April 2018

      You Are Your Decisions

      by Author(s): Love Ekenberg, Harald Kjellin, Kristina Sygel

      There are basically two categories of books on decision-making. One tells stories of how intuition guides decision-making. The other delineates a formal approach, based on decision-trees or matrices, often impenetrable to real-life decision makers. This book combines the best elements of both perspectives in a way that can be easily understood by all who are struggling with complex decisions, either as individuals or as organisations. It demonstrates how intuition and psychological insights can be harnessed to design relevant models and decision strategies, and describes how goals can be adequately formed and operationalised. Finally, the book integrates these processes in an analytical framework for decision-making.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2015

      Risk and Safety in Engineering Processes

      by Author(s): Ivan Lucic

      This book explores the treatment of safety risks in railways, analysing both heavy rail and metros. It is structured into eight chapters, and starts with the idea of risk and the history of the human perception of risk. Following on from that, utilising four real-life projects, an extensive review of existing risk analysis methodologies and processes is provided and summarised, including the relationships between different methodologies. Different Inquiry Systems (namely Leibnizian, Kantian, Hegelian, Lockean and Singerian) and the Delphi technique were utilised in this analysis of Safety Case requirements. Based on the findings of the analysis, the book identifies a set of high level requirements for an integrated and holistic safety analysis and management process system and the Safety Case. The book details a framework consisting of both existing and novel methodologies which has been developed and implemented on the two largest London Underground projects, Victoria Line Upgrade Programme and Subsurface Railway Upgrade Programme, over a period of two years. During this trial, several gaps in the process were identified, allowing new methodologies and processes to be defined and implemented in order to complete the framework. The trial was successful, and the new framework, referred to as the Engineering Safety and Assurance Case Management Process, has now been implemented across the London Underground Capital Programmes Directorate.

    • Decision theory: general
      February 2007

      Cognitive Decision-Making

      Empirical and Foundational Issues

      by Editor(s): Benoit Hardy-Vallée

      Cognitive Decision-Making is an interdisciplinary collection of essays in psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and biology about decision-making. While it has been a topic for economists, logicians and psychologists for many years, decision-making is gaining more attention now from a diverse array of approaches. In 2005, a conference was held at the Université du Québec at Montreal (UQAM) and allowed researchers from various fields to interact and discuss such issues. Cognitio 2005 was an occasion for philosophers, cognitive scientists and biologists to present the latest development in their discipline, and this book aims at providing a general overview of current research in the field of cognitive decision-making. This book is intended for scholars interested in the nature, modeling, evolution and substrate of decision-making.

    • International relations
      May 2014

      Negotiation and Foreign Policy Decision Making

      by Author(s): Melania-Gabriela Ciot

      Foreign policy decisions are influenced by many factors. The real world is complex and many variables have to be considered when making a decision. A psychological approach to decision-making facilitates the understanding and explaining of the complexity of foreign and global policies precisely because of the prolonged transitional stage of the contemporary international system. The course of world politics is shaped by the decisions of leaders. Uncertainty involved in decision-making in foreign policy can relate to the motivations, beliefs, intentions or calculations of the opponents. If it is not possible to understand how decisions are made, then maybe it is at least feasible to understand these decisions and, perhaps more importantly, predict various results with regards to international politics.This book provides a new perspective on the study of international relations by analyzing the subjective elements (idiosyncrasies) that occur in decision-making at the individual level. The use of psychological methods of analysing the foreign policy decision-making process proposes a necessary investigation path into international relations.

    • Insurance law
      June 2011

      Social Trust and Life Insurance

      The Impact of Genetic Test Results in the Republic of Ireland

      by Author(s): Louise Morris

      This book investigates the role of incomplete knowledge, social trust and risk perceptions in influencing acceptance of the perceived risks related to insurers using genetic test results. In addition, the author identifies and explains the factors and conditions that affect this risk acceptance pattern. In order to do so, both survey methods and semi-structured interviews are employed. A review of the ‘necessity’ of life insurance companies to acquire genetic test results is undertaken, followed by an analysis of the speculated consequences of such usage for society. Management of the risks related to insurers using genetic test results is examined and the problems and difficulties inherent in the risk management strategies, suggested and enforced, are explored. This is followed by a comparison between the societal risks produced by insurers using genetic test results and the risks theorised as pertaining to a ‘risk society’ (Beck, 1992) and a ‘runaway world’ (Giddens, 1990, 1999).

    • Business studies: general
      December 2018

      Crisis Communication in the Digital Age

      Manage or Rampage

      by Author(s): Ayse Simin Kara

      Over the course of recent years, in countries with high crisis expectation and risk probabilities, such as Turkey, a significant rise in the number of crises has been observed. Since current crisis practices are incident-specific, the role of public relations is largely overlooked, and, furthermore, crisis communication studies in non-Western cultures are scarce; this book fills these gaps through two distinct studies. The first highlights crisis management types and strategies by reflecting on interview responses collected from 35 different sectors and sub-sectors in Turkey. While interview findings are used to inform strategical know-how regarding the shift from crisis to opportunity during times of turbulence, the elicited responses reveal how practitioners perceive and respond to crises in the contemporary media landscape. The second analyses the recent upheaval caused by Watsons Turkey as a case study to stress the vital role of public relations in times of crisis.

    • Research & information: general
      June 2018

      Risk Management Implementation and Solutions for Islamic Banking and Finance

      by Author(s): Omar Masood, Kiran Javaria

      Islamic finance is a growing part of the global financial sector. The risks faced by Islamic banks are real, and how well they mitigate them will determine their future. This book answers questions regarding how Islamic Financial Institutions should focus on their risk management practices and the necessary solutions and policy implementation tactics. It also analyses the risk mitigation techniques Islamic institutions are putting to use, looking at different Islamic banks from across the world to investigate their strategies and solutions. Among the topics discussed here are the implementation and outcomes of Basel III, practical enterprise risk management practices, liquidity risk management, and the success story of the global takaful industry.

    • Sociology
      December 2013

      Taming Risk

      Uncertainty, Trust and the Sociological Discourse of Modernity

      by Author(s): Jan Burzyński, Tomasz Burzyński

      This interdisciplinary and multifaceted work investigates the traumatic character of (late) modernity from the perspectives of risk and trust regarded as correlates to human actions, as well as forms of social consciousness and cultural production in contemporary, post-industrial societies. In this way, the book gestures towards an interpretative framework in which modern social structures and systems may be effectively conceptualised in an overtly phenomenological context that entails the understanding of risk and trust as significant elements of human experience, social knowledge and a personal motivation to take goal-oriented actions.Being focused upon searching for inter-subjective mechanisms fostering the inherent societal dynamism of risk societies, the volume offers an integrative perspective in risk studies in which risk and trust-related considerations are perceived in terms of sociological theories aiming to reconcile the dimensions of agency and structure. Methodologically speaking, the text advances a comfortable theoretical vantage point for observing the ontology of late modernity in the context of an interplay between agential experiences of uncertainty, as well as systemic and structural frameworks of exposures to technological risks. Needless to say, the work is a must-read for scholars and researchers in the fields of theoretical sociology, risk studies, modernization theories, and cultural studies.

    • Research methods: general
      March 2018

      Golda Meir's Foreign Decision-Making Process

      An Analysis

      by Author(s): Michal Kremer Asaf

      This book focuses on the analysis of Golda Meir’s foreign decision making processes during her tenure as Prime Minister (1970-1973), offering three unique case studies. It exposes the political-diplomatic aspects of foreign policy, using interviews and analysis of hundreds of formerly secret documents from various national archives. Furthermore, it proposes a new, innovative form of analysis, termed the Holistic Combined Spiral Model (HCSM), based on exploring foreign decision making processes through the four leading existing theoretical approaches, namely rational, emotional, bureaucratic and irrational factors.The study explores the fields of leadership, government and foreign decision making through a holistic perspective in two integrated dimensions: first, the decision making process during periods of crisis, such as the Yom Kippur War, and, second, external influences, such as the relationships with the American government and between the superpowers. Furthermore, after revealing and analysing the factors and components of the foreign decision making process, this book appreciates the complexity of these processes, which, during the dynamic and changing times in which we live, world leaders have to master.

    • Decision theory: general
      February 2007

      Cognitive Decision-Making

      Empirical and Foundational Issues

      by Editor(s): Benoit Hardy-Vallée

      Cognitive Decision-Making is an interdisciplinary collection of essays in psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and biology about decision-making. While it has been a topic for economists, logicians and psychologists for many years, decision-making is gaining more attention now from a diverse array of approaches. In 2005, a conference was held at the Université du Québec at Montreal (UQAM) and allowed researchers from various fields to interact and discuss such issues. Cognitio 2005 was an occasion for philosophers, cognitive scientists and biologists to present the latest development in their discipline, and this book aims at providing a general overview of current research in the field of cognitive decision-making. This book is intended for scholars interested in the nature, modeling, evolution and substrate of decision-making.

    • Insurance law
      June 2011

      Social Trust and Life Insurance

      The Impact of Genetic Test Results in the Republic of Ireland

      by Author(s): Louise Morris

      This book investigates the role of incomplete knowledge, social trust and risk perceptions in influencing acceptance of the perceived risks related to insurers using genetic test results. In addition, the author identifies and explains the factors and conditions that affect this risk acceptance pattern. In order to do so, both survey methods and semi-structured interviews are employed. A review of the ‘necessity’ of life insurance companies to acquire genetic test results is undertaken, followed by an analysis of the speculated consequences of such usage for society. Management of the risks related to insurers using genetic test results is examined and the problems and difficulties inherent in the risk management strategies, suggested and enforced, are explored. This is followed by a comparison between the societal risks produced by insurers using genetic test results and the risks theorised as pertaining to a ‘risk society’ (Beck, 1992) and a ‘runaway world’ (Giddens, 1990, 1999).

    • Sociology
      December 2013

      Taming Risk

      Uncertainty, Trust and the Sociological Discourse of Modernity

      by Author(s): Jan Burzyński, Tomasz Burzyński

      This interdisciplinary and multifaceted work investigates the traumatic character of (late) modernity from the perspectives of risk and trust regarded as correlates to human actions, as well as forms of social consciousness and cultural production in contemporary, post-industrial societies. In this way, the book gestures towards an interpretative framework in which modern social structures and systems may be effectively conceptualised in an overtly phenomenological context that entails the understanding of risk and trust as significant elements of human experience, social knowledge and a personal motivation to take goal-oriented actions.Being focused upon searching for inter-subjective mechanisms fostering the inherent societal dynamism of risk societies, the volume offers an integrative perspective in risk studies in which risk and trust-related considerations are perceived in terms of sociological theories aiming to reconcile the dimensions of agency and structure. Methodologically speaking, the text advances a comfortable theoretical vantage point for observing the ontology of late modernity in the context of an interplay between agential experiences of uncertainty, as well as systemic and structural frameworks of exposures to technological risks. Needless to say, the work is a must-read for scholars and researchers in the fields of theoretical sociology, risk studies, modernization theories, and cultural studies.

    • International relations
      May 2014

      Negotiation and Foreign Policy Decision Making

      by Author(s): Melania-Gabriela Ciot

      Foreign policy decisions are influenced by many factors. The real world is complex and many variables have to be considered when making a decision. A psychological approach to decision-making facilitates the understanding and explaining of the complexity of foreign and global policies precisely because of the prolonged transitional stage of the contemporary international system. The course of world politics is shaped by the decisions of leaders. Uncertainty involved in decision-making in foreign policy can relate to the motivations, beliefs, intentions or calculations of the opponents. If it is not possible to understand how decisions are made, then maybe it is at least feasible to understand these decisions and, perhaps more importantly, predict various results with regards to international politics.This book provides a new perspective on the study of international relations by analyzing the subjective elements (idiosyncrasies) that occur in decision-making at the individual level. The use of psychological methods of analysing the foreign policy decision-making process proposes a necessary investigation path into international relations.

    • Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
      January 2015

      Risk and Safety in Engineering Processes

      by Author(s): Ivan Lucic

      This book explores the treatment of safety risks in railways, analysing both heavy rail and metros. It is structured into eight chapters, and starts with the idea of risk and the history of the human perception of risk. Following on from that, utilising four real-life projects, an extensive review of existing risk analysis methodologies and processes is provided and summarised, including the relationships between different methodologies. Different Inquiry Systems (namely Leibnizian, Kantian, Hegelian, Lockean and Singerian) and the Delphi technique were utilised in this analysis of Safety Case requirements. Based on the findings of the analysis, the book identifies a set of high level requirements for an integrated and holistic safety analysis and management process system and the Safety Case. The book details a framework consisting of both existing and novel methodologies which has been developed and implemented on the two largest London Underground projects, Victoria Line Upgrade Programme and Subsurface Railway Upgrade Programme, over a period of two years. During this trial, several gaps in the process were identified, allowing new methodologies and processes to be defined and implemented in order to complete the framework. The trial was successful, and the new framework, referred to as the Engineering Safety and Assurance Case Management Process, has now been implemented across the London Underground Capital Programmes Directorate.

    • Information theory
      April 2018

      You Are Your Decisions

      by Author(s): Love Ekenberg, Harald Kjellin, Kristina Sygel

      There are basically two categories of books on decision-making. One tells stories of how intuition guides decision-making. The other delineates a formal approach, based on decision-trees or matrices, often impenetrable to real-life decision makers. This book combines the best elements of both perspectives in a way that can be easily understood by all who are struggling with complex decisions, either as individuals or as organisations. It demonstrates how intuition and psychological insights can be harnessed to design relevant models and decision strategies, and describes how goals can be adequately formed and operationalised. Finally, the book integrates these processes in an analytical framework for decision-making.

    • Business studies: general
      December 2018

      Crisis Communication in the Digital Age

      Manage or Rampage

      by Author(s): Ayse Simin Kara

      Over the course of recent years, in countries with high crisis expectation and risk probabilities, such as Turkey, a significant rise in the number of crises has been observed. Since current crisis practices are incident-specific, the role of public relations is largely overlooked, and, furthermore, crisis communication studies in non-Western cultures are scarce; this book fills these gaps through two distinct studies. The first highlights crisis management types and strategies by reflecting on interview responses collected from 35 different sectors and sub-sectors in Turkey. While interview findings are used to inform strategical know-how regarding the shift from crisis to opportunity during times of turbulence, the elicited responses reveal how practitioners perceive and respond to crises in the contemporary media landscape. The second analyses the recent upheaval caused by Watsons Turkey as a case study to stress the vital role of public relations in times of crisis.

    • Research & information: general
      June 2018

      Risk Management Implementation and Solutions for Islamic Banking and Finance

      by Author(s): Omar Masood, Kiran Javaria

      Islamic finance is a growing part of the global financial sector. The risks faced by Islamic banks are real, and how well they mitigate them will determine their future. This book answers questions regarding how Islamic Financial Institutions should focus on their risk management practices and the necessary solutions and policy implementation tactics. It also analyses the risk mitigation techniques Islamic institutions are putting to use, looking at different Islamic banks from across the world to investigate their strategies and solutions. Among the topics discussed here are the implementation and outcomes of Basel III, practical enterprise risk management practices, liquidity risk management, and the success story of the global takaful industry.

    • Research methods: general
      March 2018

      Golda Meir's Foreign Decision-Making Process

      An Analysis

      by Author(s): Michal Kremer Asaf

      This book focuses on the analysis of Golda Meir’s foreign decision making processes during her tenure as Prime Minister (1970-1973), offering three unique case studies. It exposes the political-diplomatic aspects of foreign policy, using interviews and analysis of hundreds of formerly secret documents from various national archives. Furthermore, it proposes a new, innovative form of analysis, termed the Holistic Combined Spiral Model (HCSM), based on exploring foreign decision making processes through the four leading existing theoretical approaches, namely rational, emotional, bureaucratic and irrational factors.The study explores the fields of leadership, government and foreign decision making through a holistic perspective in two integrated dimensions: first, the decision making process during periods of crisis, such as the Yom Kippur War, and, second, external influences, such as the relationships with the American government and between the superpowers. Furthermore, after revealing and analysing the factors and components of the foreign decision making process, this book appreciates the complexity of these processes, which, during the dynamic and changing times in which we live, world leaders have to master.

    • Teaching, Language & Reference
      October 2012

      Social Information Research

      by Gunilla Widen, Kim Holmberg, Amanda Spink

      Information we receive from and create together with our social networks is becoming increasingly important. Social information has a great impact on our information behaviour and there are many possible angles and layers in studying social aspects in information science. This book presents some of these angles. Social Information Research, co-edited by Gunilla Widen and Kim Holmberg communicates current research looking into different aspects of social information as part of information behaviour research. There is a special emphasis on the new innovations supporting contemporary information behavior and the social media context within which it can sit. As a concept, social information has been studied in biology, psychology and sociology among other disciplines. This book is relevant for various actors in the library and information science field and will be useful for researchers, educators, and practitioners while coordinating empirical research on social information and providing an overview of some of the present research about social information.

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