This book makes base on the development experience of China's 40 years reform and opening-up, with the requirements of "New Experience and New Theory" embodied, and the book tries to set up the theoretical logic and practical framework of China's economic development, that is, the Outline of China’s Economics. This book argues that the Outline of China's Economics highlights economic reform and development with the four-dimensional unity, which is "institution-structure-government-growth", and its historical track. "Institution" reflects the fundamental direction of the market-oriented system innovation in the primary stage of socialism, revealing the fundamental system reform with transition of resource allocation mode and the improvement of economic growth efficiency in China's economic development. "Structure" reflects the direction of the industrialization, urbanization and information development, revealing the issue of the goal of modernization development for China's economic development. "Growth" reflects the integrated driving forces of China's market-oriented allocation of resources, industrialization strategy (especially for manufacturing sector), urbanization strategy and informatization strategy which ensures the inherent inevitability of China's economic catch-up growth, and it also means that the internal impetus and law of China's high-speed catch-up as a great economy. The model of China's economic growth is such a theoretical logic and practice process of "institutional innovation-structural change-government promotion-economic growth". Corresponding to this development practice and the theory logic, the outline of China’s Economics should revolve around analytical frame of "institution-structure-government-growth". Such an analytical framework is helpful to enrich, innovate and develop the political and economic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics.