Searle’s theory of social reality is increasingly meeting with worldwide recognition, and is undoubtedly the most prominent theory of social ontology (at least in the post-analytical tradition), even if actual research in this domain is engaged in critical confrontation with it. Searle’s approach continues to shape the debate, but his construction is more and more sharply dissected, both in its details and in its general assumptions. Furthermore, new perspectives, not rooted in the analytical tradition, are taking place, so that not only alternative answers, but alternative questions are arising.
This book posits that we should approach the issue from another angle, and that we should retrace the origins of such a concept in order to gain a different, and possibly more interesting, perspective.
Are we able to delineate some issues that represent what we think the next development of these core problems could be? This book proposes three possible routes. Firstly, the necessity to account for, but not to relegate the object of social ontology only inside an analysis of language in which Social Objects arise and by which they are described and put under debate. Secondly, the necessity not to consider social sciences (from law studies to sociology, from political analysis to historical and widely philosophical instances) merely as derived products of the reflections about language. Thirdly, by resuming the first two issues and synthetizing them, we can debate the number of realities in question and their natures themselves.
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Claudia Stancati is Associate Professor of Philosophy of Language. Her main fields of research are epistemology and history of language sciences, and language and cognition; fields in which she has published books and papers in reviews and proceedings of national and international congresses. Her recent publications include Metafisica e ontologia tra Ottocento e Novecento: tra oggetti e segni (2012), and Linguistique et enseignement en Italie: autour de la fondation de deux célèbres revues (2012).Alfredo Givigliano teaches Theory of Social Relations at the University of Calabria. His main research subjects are language, epistemology and logic of sociology. His recent publications include Bourdieu sociologo del linguaggio (2012), and La sociologia come linguaggio (2012).Emanuele Fadda is Assistant Professor of Philosophy of Language. His main research subjects are general semiotics, linguistics, social sciences and social ontology, and American pragmatism. His recent publications include Graphes, diagrammes, langues et pensée chez Peirce (in press), and Peirce (2013).Giuseppe Cosenza is a PhD student at the International Doctoral School in Humanistic Sciences at the University of Calabria. His research subject is the terminology of Ferdinand de Saussure. His main research fields are philosophy of language, linguistics and sociology. His recent publications include, Ideal speaker-hearer o Sujetparlant? (2012), and Empirico nella filosofia del linguaggio di Noam Chomsky (2013).