This book traces the origins, history, and memory of the Jalayirid dynasty, a family that succeeded the Mongol Ilkhans in Iran and Iraq in the 14th and early 15th centuries. The story of how the Jalayirids came to power is illustrative of the political dynamics that shaped much of the Mongol and post-Mongol period in the Middle East. The Jalayirid sultans sought to preserve the social and political order of the Ilkhanate, while claiming that they were the rightful heirs to the rulership of that order. Central to the Jalayirids’ claims to the legacy of the Ilkhanate was their attempt to control the Ilkhanid heartland of Azarbayjan and its major city, Tabriz. Control of Azarbayjan meant control of a network of long-distance trade between China and the Latin West, which continued to be a source of economic prosperity through the 8th/14th century. Azarbayjan also represented the center of Ilkhanid court life, whether in the migration of the mobile court-camp of the ruler, or in the complexes of palatial, religious and civic buildings constructed around the city of Tabriz by members of the Ilkhanid royal family, as well as by members of the military and administrative elite. ; This book examines the rise and collapse of Mongol rule in Iran and Iraq, and its revival by a family of sultans who claimed to be the rightful heirs to the Mongol khans. The Jalayirids offers a glimpse at a long overlooked but critical period in the history of the Middle East in the late medieval period. ; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations for Primary and Secondary Source Texts; Chapter 1. Introduction and Sources for the History of the Jalayirids; Chapter 2. Tribes and the Chinggisid Empire; Chapter 3. The Jalayirs and the Early Ilkhanate; Chapter 4. From Tribal Amirs to Royal In-Laws; Chapter 5. Crisis and Transition (1335-1356); Chapter 6. Shaykh Uvays and the Jalayirid Dynasty; Chapter 7. Dynastic Ideology during the Reign of Shaykh Uvays; Chapter 8. Challenges to the Jalayirid Order; Chapter 9. Conclusions and the Legacy of the Jalayirids; Maps; Genealogy of the Jalayirid Dynasty; Bibliography; Index. ; AcknowledgementsAbbreviations for Primary and Secondary Source TextsChapter 1. Introduction and Sources for the History of the JalayiridsChapter 2. Tribes and the Chinggisid EmpireChapter 3. The Jalayirs and the Early IlkhanateChapter 4. From Tribal Amirs to Royal In-LawsChapter 5. Crisis and Transition (1335-1356)Chapter 6. Shaykh Uvays and the Jalayirid DynastyChapter 7. Dynastic Ideology during the Reign of Shaykh UvaysChapter 8. Challenges to the Jalayirid OrderChapter 9. Conclusions and the Legacy of the JalayiridsMapsGenealogy of the Jalayirid DynastyBibliographyIndex
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This book is the first significant study in English of one of the major powers in Iran and Anatolia during the decades following the collapse of Mongol rule there after 1335. It sheds a flood of light not only on that, but on many aspects of the earlier period of Mongol rule.
Patrick Wing is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Redlands. His research focuses on the history of the Middle East in the period of the Mongols and their successors.