There are only a few detailed histories of Persia from Ancient Greek historiography that have survived time. Diodorus of Sicily, a first century BC author, is the only one to have written a comprehensive history (the Βιβλιοθήκη ἱστορική (Bibliotheca Historica or Historical Library)) in which more than cursory attention is paid to Persia. The Bibliotheca Historica covers the entire period from Persia’s prehistory until the arrival of the Parthians from the East and that of Roman power throughout Asia Minor and beyond from the West, some 750 odd years or more after Assyrian rule ended. Diodorus’ contribution to our knowledge of Persian history is therefore of great value for the modern historian of the Ancient Near East and in this book Jan Stronk provides the first complete translation of Diodorus’ account of the history of Persia. He also examines and evaluates both Diodorus’ account and the sources he used to compose his work, taking into consideration the historical, political and archaeological factors that may have played a role in the transmission of the evidence he used to acquire the raw material underlying his Bibliotheca. ; There are only a few detailed histories of Persia from Ancient Greek historiography that have survived time. Diodorus of Sicily, a first century BC author, is the only one to have written a comprehensive history in which more than cursory attention is paid to Persia. ; List of figures and Tables; Preface; Abbreviations; Series Editor's Preface; Introduction: Diodorus’ Work and Our Sources; Chapter one: Diodorus’ Sources; Chapter two: Ancient History: Assyrians, Chaldeans and Medes; Chapter three: The Persians and the Greek Wars; Chapter four: Revolt and Sedition; Chapter five: Alexander the Great Defeats Darius III; Chapter six: From Persepolis to Babylon; Chapter seven: The Period of the Diadochs: The Rift Opens; Chapter eight: The Period of the Diadochs: The Rift Deepens; Chapter nine: The Vicissitudes of the Diadoch Kingdoms: The Final Years of Diodorus’ Persian Account; Chapter ten: Semiramis’ Legacy; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index of Classical sources; Index of Modern Authors; General index. ; List of Figures and TablesPrefaceAbbreviationsSeries Editor’s PrefaceIntroduction: Diodorus’ Work and Our SourcesA. IntroductionB. Diodorus’ lifeC. The Bιβλιοθήκη ἱστορική (‘Historical Library’)D. Diodorus’ methodE. Diodorus’ viewsF. The structure of the BibliothecaG. Final observationsH. SummaryI. Our primary sources for Diodorus: manuscripts and relevant editionsManuscripts of books 1-5Manuscripts of books 11-20The Excerpta ConstantinianaManuscripts of the Excerpta ConstantinianaPhotius’ BibliothecaManuscripts of Photius’ BibliothecaSome editions of Diodorus’ Bibliotheca1 Diodorus’ SourcesA. Preliminary remarksB. Books 1-5C. Fragments books 6-10D. Books 11-20E. Fragments books 21-32F. Fragments books 33-40G. Diodorus and his source-authorsH. Diodorus’ use of his sources2 Ancient History: Assyrians, Chaldeans, and MedesA. The Assyrian HistoryB. The Chaldean HistoryC. The Median History3 The Persians and the Greek WarsA. The Arians and general customs of the PersiansB. Cyrus the Great (c. 576/5-530)C. Cambyses II (?–523/2)D. Darius the Great (c. 550-486)E. Xerxes I (c. 519-465)4 Revolt and SeditionA. Artaxerxes I (?–424)B. Xerxes II (?–423)C. Sogdianus (?–423)D. Darius II (?–404)E. Artaxerxes II Mnemon (c. 436-358)F. Artaxerxes III Ochus (425-338)5 Alexander the Great Defeats Darius IIIA. Darius III Codomannus (c. 380-330)B. Alexander’s expedition up to the end of the Battle of IssusC. From Issus to GaugamelaD. From Gaugamela to Persepolis6 From Persepolis to BabylonA. Alexander pursues BessusB. Alexander’s Indian adventureC. The final phase of the expedition7 The Period of the Diadochs: The Rift OpensThe years 323/2-318/178 The Period of the Diadochs: The Rift DeepensThe years 317/16-311/109 The Vicissitudes of the Diadoch Kingdoms: The Final Years of Diodorus’ Persian AccountA. The years 311/10-260/79B. The years after 28010 Semiramis’ LegacyConclusionBibliographyIndex of Classical SourcesIndex of Modern AuthorsGeneral Index
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‘This much-needed and timely work is a model of its kind and a testament to the author’s massive erudition and good judgement.’
- John Dillery, Professor of Classics, University of Virginia
Jan Stronk is Research Associate in the Department of Ancient History at the University of Amsterdam. He is the author of The Ten Thousand in Thrace: An Archaeological and Historical Commentary on Xenophon’s Anabasis, Books VI.iii-vi – VII (1995), Ctesias’ Persian History, Part I: Introduction, Text and Translation (2010) and Ctesias’ Persian History, Part 2: Historical Commentary and Conclusions (forthcoming).